Aji Amarillo facts

Aji Amarillo is a mostly used chili in Peru and used as a vital ingredient in Peruvian cooking. The fruits have green color in the beginning which gets deep yellowish-orange when mature. Aji Amarillo possesses fruity taste with medium-hot heat.

Name Aji Amarillo
Scientific Name Capsicum baccatum
Native South America
Common/English Name Aji, Aji Pepper, Aji Amarillo, Locoto, Amarillio Chilli, Wild Baccatum, Peruvian Hot Pepper, Aji Andean, Aji Amarillo Mirasol, Aji Ayucullo, Aji Blanco Cristal, Aji Benito, Aji Brazilan Bonanza, Aji Bolivian Long, Aji Brazilan Star fish, Aji Camba, Aji Caballero, Aji Chanca, Aji Chivato, Aji Cochabamba, Aji Cito, Aji Colarado, Aji Cohincho, Aji Criolla Sella, Aji Escabeche, Aji Cristal, Aji Golden, Aji De Mesa, Aji Exploding Fire, Habanero, Aji Francos, Aji Lemon Drop, Aji Aji Indian, Aji Little Finger, Aji Limon, Aji Mono, Aji Mirasol, Aji Montesino, Aji Omnicolor, Aji Norteno, Aji Orchid, Aji Orange, Aj Panca, Aji Oro, Aji Picante, Aji Pilange, Aji Peruvian, Aji Portachuela, Aji Pineapple, Aji Rojo, Aji Russian Yellow, Aji Red Olive, Aji Valentine, Aji Serranito, Aji Verdi, Aji Yellow, Aji White Wax, Albero’s, Bubba, Banana Aji, Bishop’s Crown, Bell Chile, Campane, Bishop’s Hat, Balloon, Nepalese Bell, Christmas Bell, Piquanté, Peppa Dew
Name in Other Languages Brazil: Pimenta Cambuci;
Costa Rica: Cuerno De Oro;
Czech: Paprika Roční;
Danish: Peru-peber;
Dutch: Cayenne peper;
East Africa: Peri-Peri;
French: Piment Chien;
German: Glockenpaprika;
Peru: Aji Amarillo;
Portuguese: Pimentinha;
Spanish: Piris
Plant Growth Habit Annual plant
Growing Climate Tropic, mediterranean, subtropical, desert or temperate
Soil Well-drained
Plant Size 60-100 cm
Stem Erect
Leaf Large, alternate
Flower Hermaphrodite, white or cream color with a typical green or gold corolla
Fruit shape & size Pendant, rarely erect, elongate, oblong- unusual bell shape; Length: 3-5 cm; Width: 1.5-3 cm
Fruit color Deep orange
Scoville scale 30,000-50,000
Flavor/aroma Pungent
Taste Fruity
Seed Numerous, straw color
Health Benefits
  • Regulates fluid
  • Improves performance
  • Reduce LDL cholesterol
  • Assist weight loss
  • Antioxidant properties
Traditional uses
  • The fruit is believed to possess antihaemorrhoidal, antiseptic, antirheumatic, digestive, diaphoretic, irritant, sialagogue, rubefacient and tonic.
  • Its internal use helps to cure cold stage of fevers, varicose veins, debility in convalescence, digestive problems and asthma.
  • It is used externally for unbroken chilblains, curing sprains, pleurisy, neuralgia etc.
How to Eat
  • Aji Amarillo is also used in Andean cuisine for millennia.
  • It is used as a seasoning to enhance the flavor in various dishes.
  • It is used dried, fresh or in the form of ground powder.
  • The fresh fruits are used in Peruvian ceviche which is a well-known dish in South and Central America.
  • Aji amarillo is used in sauces as it provides bright complex flavor with yellow or orange color.
  • It is also used as a condiment.
  • It is used in chutney, marinades, dips, stir fry and gravies.