Arugula facts

The leaves of arugula have distinct sharp, pungent, spicy and peppery flavor which resembles mustard greens. It is a herbaceous, low growing, annual plant which has green and deeply cut compound leaves. Plants develop white or yellow blossoms along with reddish or deep violet veins. Inherent to Mediterranean region, Arugula grows wild in the Southern Europe. Arugula is also called a salad herb or salad green. Arugula could be added to tomatoes and lettuce or baby salad greens which helps to enhance the taste.

Name Arugula
Scientific Name Eruca sativa
Native Mediterranean areas such as Greece, Italy and Turkey.
Common/English Name Rocket, Roquette, Rucola, Garden rocket, Eruca, Rocket Salad, Arrugula, Gargeer, Roka, Rugula, Tira
Name in Other Languages French: roquette,
Italian: rucola or rughetta,
Chinese: Zi ma cai,
French: Roquette commune,
German: Rauke,
Greek: Euzomon,
Herbew: Gargir,
Hindi: Jamba,
Italian: Rucola,
Japanese: Roketsuto,
Portuguese: Rύgula,
Spanish (Mexico): Zarmao
Plant Growth Habit Annual, fast growing
Growing Climate Cool season
Soil Well drained, fertile
Plant Size 2”-6” high
Stem Pale green
Leaf shape and size Elongated, flat, resembles dandelion; Length: 7-10 cm
Leaf color Dark green
Flowering Season Spring and summer
Flower White with purple veins
Flavor/aroma Peppery, aromatic (Leaves)
Taste Mustardy, tart, spicy
Seed Thick, flat-beaked
Varieties/Types
  • Astro
  • Rocket
  • Slyvetta
Major Nutritions (Raw) Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 10.9 µg (9.08%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 10 µg (2.50%)
Iron, Fe 0.15 mg (1.88%)
Vitamin A, RAE 12 µg (1.71%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 1.5 mg (1.67%)
Calcium, Ca 16 mg (1.60%)
Manganese, Mn 0.032 mg (1.39%)
Magnesium, Mg 5 mg (1.19%)
Copper, Cu 0.008 mg (0.89%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.044 mg (0.88%)
Health Benefits
  • Antioxidant activities
  • Overall health
  • Promote brain and bones
  • Enhance immunity
  • Prevent cancer
  • Health of prenatal
  • Promotes metabolism
  • Promote eye health
  • Absorbs minerals
  • Lose weight
Calories in 0.5 cup (10 gm) 2 Kcal.