Asian pear facts

Asian pears are a cousin to Europeans pears which has brownish to yellow skin with a juicy, white and crispy center. Asian pears are firm and round. Asian pears are peeled and consumed raw. It is large in size and has high price. It is also called apple, sand, Oriental, Japanese and Chinese pear. It is often believed to be the cross of pears and apples. Above 100 varieties of Asian pears are known in Japan.

Name Asian Pear
Scientific Name Pyrus pyrifolia
Native Native to Eastern Asia: China, Korea and Japan. It is sophisticated in the South and Central China, Korea, Far East of Russia, Vietnam, Southern Japan, Thailand and India. It is cultivated in minor range in Indonesia, Middle Asia and Philippines. Currently, it is cultivated in New Zealand, Australia, California, France and Italy.
Common/English Name Asian Pear, Chinese Pear, Apple Pear, Japanese Pear, Korean Pear, Nashi Pear, Nashi, Sand Pear, Oriental Pear, sandpäron and Taiwanese pear
Name in Other Languages Chinese: Sha Li;
Danish: Sandpære;
Czech: Jabloň Hruškolistá;
Eastonian: Liiv-Pirnipuu;
Dutch: Japanse Peer;
German: Sandbirnbaum;
French: Poirier Des Sables;
Indonesia: Appel Jepang;
India (Hindu): Nashpati;
Japanese: Yama Nashi;
Malaysia: Lai;
Korean: Bae, Paenamu, Tolpaenamu;
Nepal: Naxhpati;
Russian: Gruša Pesčanaja;
Philippines: Peras;
Spanish: Pera;
Vietnam: Lê;
Thai: Sa Li;
Karnataka: Mara Sebu
Plant Growth Habit Deciduous, small-medium sized tree
Growing Climate Temperate
Soil Deep, well-drained
Plant Size Height: 7-15 m
Branchlets Terete, purplish brown when young and dark brown when matured
Stipules Caducous, linear to lanceolate, petiole
Petiole 3-4.5 cm, tomentose, glabrescent
Leaf Alternate, 7–12 × 4–6.5 cm, ovate to elliptic or ovate, glabrous, base rounded or subcordate
Flowering Season Mid Spring
Flower Hermaphrodite; Across: 2.5-3.5 cm, white
Sepals Triangular to ovate, 5 mm
Petals White, ovate, 1.5-1.7 cm
Fruit shape & size Pale dots, pyriform-subglobose; Diameter: 5-8 cm; subglabrous
Fruit color Brown or yellow, reddish-brown
Flesh color Creamy white, hard, grainy, crispy, watery
Fruit peel Smooth, rough
Flavor/aroma Sweet low acid/ fragrant
Seed Small, black
Varieties/Types
  • Korean Giant
  • Ichiban
  • Nijisseiki
  • Shinseiki
  • Seuri
  • Yoinashi
  • Shinsui
Major Nutritions Total dietary Fiber 3.6 g (9.47%)
Carbohydrate 10.65 g (8.19%)
Copper, Cu 0.05 mg (5.56%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 3.8 mg (4.22%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 4.5 µg (3.75%)
Manganese, Mn 0.06 mg (2.61%)
Potassium, K 121 mg (2.57%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 8 µg (2.00%)
Magnesium, Mg 8 mg (1.90%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.022 mg (1.69%)
Health Benefits
  • Assist digestion
  • Prevent heart ailments
  • Helps to lose weight
  • Prevent diabetes
  • Digestive ailments
Calories in 1 value (100 gm) 42 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used detoxify, dissolve mucus, restlessness, promote urination, quench thirst, treat constipation, heal skin lesions, heal hoarse throat and relieve cough.
  • It is used to remove dark circles.
  • It helps to treat coughs, laryngitis and sore throats.
Precautions
  • The allergic ones should avoid this fruit.
  • It should be consumed in limited amounts.
How to Eat
  • The fruit is consumed raw or added to fruit salads.
  • The fruits are also cooked.
  • It is also used to marinate beef.
  • The fruits are used to make jams.
  • The fruits are used in pies and also baked.
  • It is used to prepare fruit juice, pie, jam and salad.
  • It is also added to baby food.
Other Facts
  • Asian pear belongs to the family of roses.
  • The skin of the fruit is speckled.
  • The fruits are baked, poached, grilled and barbecued.
  • The flower is a sign of spring.
  • Asian pears bruise easily due to high water content.
  • Asian pears have sufficient amount of Vitamin C, Vitamin K, fiber and potassium.