Bell pepper facts

Bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) are the fruits of certain plants from the nightshade family. They are related to chili peppers, tomatoes, and breadfruit, all of which are native to Central and South America. Also called sweet peppers or capsicums, bell peppers are eaten as vegetables, either raw or cooked. Like their close relatives, the chili peppers, bell peppers are sometimes dried and powdered. In that case they are referred to as paprika. They are low in calories and exceptionally rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, making them an excellent addition to a healthy diet. Bell peppers are a great combination of tangy taste and crunchy texture. Green and purple peppers are slightly bitter in taste whereas red, yellow and orange have a sweeter and fruity taste. Today, they grew widely in many parts of the world as an important commercial crop.

Name Bell pepper
Scientific Name Capsicum annuum
Native Mexico and northern Latin America.
Common/English Name African Pepper, Bell Pepper, Capsicum Pepper, Cayenne, Cayenne Pepper, Cherry Pepper, Chili, Chili Pepper, Chilli, Chilly Pepper, Chitlepin, Christmas Pepper, Cone Pepper, Green Capsicum, Green Pepper, Halapenos, Hungarian Pepper, Jalapeno Pepper, Long Pepper, Mississippi Sport Pepper, Numex, Ornamental Pepper, Paprika, Pimento Pepper, Pod Pepper, Red Cone Pepper, Red Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Wrinkled Pepper.
Name in Other Languages Estonian : Harilik Parika
Swedish : Paprika
Afrikaans : Rissie
Indonesia : Cabai
Amharic : Yafranj Karya
Maltese : Bżar Ikkulurit
Armenian : Garmir Bghbegh
Lithuanian : Paprika
Austria : Paprika
Turkish : Biber
Hungarian : Bell Paprika
Brazil : Pimenta
Romanian : Ardei
Kazakh : Burış
Serbian : Paprika
Belgium : Peper
Georgian : Bulgaruli
Spanish : Ají
Catalan : Pebrotera
Tajik : Qalamfur
Croatian : Paprika
Danish : Chilipeber
Macedonia : Piper
Swiss : Poivre D’espagne
Dutch : Paprika
Latvian : Dārzeņpipari
Swahili : Mpilipili
Esperanto : Paprika
Nepal : Bhede Khursani
Farsi : Paprika
Philippines : Sili ( Bikol )
Galician : Pementón
Bulgarian : Cherven Piper
Portuguese : Colorau
German : Cayennepfeffer
Albanian : Specë
Vietnamese : Ot
India : Molar
Slovencina : Paprika
Iraq : Filfil
Tigrinya : Gue
Azeri : İstiot
Japanese : Banshō
Uzbek : Qalampir
Breton : Pimant Dous
Korean : Namcho
Icelandic : Paprikuduft
Thai : Prik Yuak
Egypt : Felfel Achdar
Laos : Mak Pet Nyai
Quechuan : Uchu
Finnish : Paprika
Lebanese : Felfel Lelece
Russian : Perets Krasnyj
Arabic : Fulful Baladî
Malaysia : Cabai
Hebrew : Pilpel
Maldive Islands : Rihamirus
Greek : Pipera
Norwegian : Paprika
Yiddish : Paprike
Chinese : Chiao-Tzu
Papiamento : Promenton
French : Piment Annuel
Czech : Paprika
Polish : Papryka
Italian : Peperone
Basque : Piperrautsa
Plant Growth Habit Small, branched, mostly erect, annual or perennial herbaceous shrub
Growing Climate Require warm temperatures
Soil Prefers well structured, well drained, friable, sandy loam. It is intolerant of high salt content in the soil and frost.
Plant Size 30–80cm tall
Root Short or deep tap root.
Stem Glabrescent
Leaf Alternate, solitary or paired; petiole 4–7cm; leaf blade oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 4–13 × 1.5–4cm, glabrescent, base narrowed, margin entire and wavy, apex short acuminate or acute
Flower Small, off-white, pendent. Calyx campanulate, 2–3 × 3 mm five-toothed, undulate, green. Corolla rotate, five-lobed white, 10 mm. Stamens 5, inserted, anthers bluish/purplish, 1.8–2 mm. Ovary superior, 2–3 locular with numerous ovules, style short with capitate stigma.
Fruit Shape & Size Berry, pericarp fleshy and firm, hollow, pendent, variously shaped, up to 15cm
Fruit Color Green when young to mostly red orange, yellow, white, brown or purple when mature
Fruit Skin Smooth
Fruit Taste Bitter while young turning to milder and sweeter as they mature
Seeds Pale yellow, discoid or reniform, 3–5 mm across.
Varieties/Types
  • Green Bell Peppers
  • Orange Bell Peppers
  • Purple Bell Peppers
  • Red Bell Peppers
  • Yellow Bell Peppers
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 119.8 mg (133.11%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.334 mg (25.69%)
Copper, Cu 0.098 mg (10.89%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 11 µg (9.17%)
Manganese, Mn 0.182 mg (7.91%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.085 mg (7.08%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.5 g (6.58%)
Iron, Fe 0.51 mg (6.38%)
Potassium, K 261 mg (5.55%)
Carbohydrate 6.91 g (5.32%)
Health Benefits
  • Healthy Skin
  • Mucilage
  • Psoriasis
  • Hypoglycemic
  • Strengthens Hair Follicles
  • Supports the Immune System
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Anti-inflammatory properties
  • Weight Loss
  • Prevention of Anemia
  • Anti-Cancer Benefits
  • Eye Health
Calories in 1 cup (149 gm) 30 K cal