Breadfruit Facts

Breadfruit scientifically known as Artocarpus altilis is actually a large, branch, evergreen canopy perennial tree often growing to 30 m high. It was once used to inexpensively feed slaves, and it has been cultivated as a staple food due to its versatility, significant energy content, and large yield capacity. Breadfruit can be cooked and eaten at all stages of development. It is typically consumed when mature, but still firm, and is a delicious substitute for any starchy root crop, vegetable, pasta, potato, or rice.

Name Breadfruit
Scientific Name Artocarpus altilis
Native Native to a vast area extending from the Indo-Malayan Archipelago the Philippines and the Moluccas through New Guinea to Western Micronesia.
Common/English Name Breadfruit, Breadnut, Breadnut Tree
Name in Other Languages Solomon Islands : Bia
Malaysia : Sukun
Banaban : Te Mai
India : Bakri-Chajhar
Danish : Brødfrugt
Kosrae : Mos
Papiamento : Frut’e Pan
Dutch : Broodvrucht (Fruit)
Venezuela : Pan De Ano
Samoan : Ulu
Fijian : Uto
Spanish : Árbol Del Pan
Mexico : Castano De Malabar ( Yucatan )
Tuvalu : ‘Ulu
Guatemala : Mazapan (Seedless)
Peru : Marure
Hawaii : Ulu
Puerto Rico : Panapen (Seedless)
Honduras : Mazapan (Seedless)
Rotoman : Ulu
Vietnam : Sakê
Indonesia : Sukun
Papua New Guinea : Kapiak
Thailand : Sa Ke
Italian : Artocarpo
Marquesas : Mei
Eastonian : Hõlmine Leivapuu
Marshall Islands : Mei
Chinese : Mian Bao Shu
Micronesia : Mei
Taiwan : Luo Mi Shu
Kiribati : Mei
Palau : Meduu
Tongan : Mei
Philippines : Rimas ( Tagalog)
Cook Island : Kuru
Portuguese : Fruta-Pão
Vanuatu : Beta
Society Islands : Uru
French : Arbre A Pain
Mariana Islands : Lemae
Swedish : Brödfruktträd
German : Brotfrucht
Khmer : Sakee
Plant Growth Habit Large, branch, evergreen canopy perennial tree
Soil Adaptable to a wide range of soil types from deep, fertile, well-drained soil – sands, sandy-loams, loams, sandy clay loams to sandy coralline soils near the sea and on coralline limestone.
Plant Size 30 m high
Leaf Clustered at end of branches and arranged spirally up the branchlet, on 8–12 cm petiole. Leaf blade 12–59 cm long by 10–47 cm wide, but juvenile leaves often larger, usually deeply pinnately lobed with up to 13 lobes cut from 1/3 to 4/5 of the way to midrib, rarely nearly entire with a praemorse apex, varying in size and shape on the same tree, thickly coriaceous, below pale green, above dark green and glossy, glabrous, to moderately pubescent, juvenile leaves may be densely pubescent, with pale or colorless, rough-walled hairs on midrib, adaxial and abaxial blade.
Flower Axillary and solitary, flowers on an unbranched axis (male inflorescences drooping, cylindrical to club-shaped) or flowers arising from a single point (female inflorescences stiffly upright, globose or cylindrical). Male flowers with tubular perianth apically 2-lobed, pubescent, lobes lanceolate; anther elliptic. Female flowers with tubular perianth, ovoid ovary and along, apically 2-branched style.
Fruit Shape & Size Indehiscent globose, ovoid to cylindrical, 9–29 cm long by 6–20 cm wide
Fruit Color Green turning yellowish-brown when ripe, rarely pinkish
Fruit Skin Ranges from smooth to rough to spiny
Flesh Color Creamy white to pale yellow
Fruit Weight 1 to 5 kg.
Flavor/Aroma Pleasant aromatic smell
Taste fairly sweet
Seed Rounded or obovoid, irregularly compressed, 1-3 cm long and with a pale to dark brown seed coat.
Varieties/Types
  • Seeded breadfruit
  • Seedless breadfruit
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 63.8 mg (70.89%)
Carbohydrate 59.66 g (45.89%)
Total dietary Fiber 10.8 g (28.42%)
Potassium, K 1078 mg (22.94%)
Copper, Cu 0.185 mg (20.56%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.242 mg (20.17%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 1.005 mg (20.10%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.22 mg (16.92%)
Iron, Fe 1.19 mg (14.88%)
Magnesium, Mg 55 mg (13.10%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.98 mg (12.38%)
Health Benefits
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Resistance against infections
  • Aids digestion
  • Treats Dandruff
  • Itchiness & Hair Breakage
  • Sleep better at night
  • Good for Skin
  • Dental Health
  • Reduces diabetes
  • Natural Energy Booster
  • For Bone Health
Calories in 1 cup (220 gm) 227 K cal