Burmese Grape Facts

Baccaurea ramiflora (Burmese grape) is a slow growing evergreen tree in the Euphorbiaceae family, growing to 25 m, with a spreading crown and thin bark. It is found throughout Asia, most commonly cultivated in India and Malaysia. It grows in evergreen forests on a wide range of soils. The fruit is oval, colored yellowish, pinkish to bright red or purple, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, glabrous, with 2-4 large purple-red seed, with white aril. The fruit is harvested and used locally, eaten as a fruit, stewed or made into wine; it is also used medicinally to treat skin diseases. The bark, roots and wood are harvested for medicinal uses. Its texture resembles a lychee fruit, but is less juicy and more fibrous. The yield varies between 20-25 kg per tree.

Name Burmese Grape
Scientific Name Baccaurea ramiflora
Native India (Assam), Burma, China (Yunnan, Hainan), Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Peninsular Malaysia.
Common/English Name Latka, Burmese grape, Lutco, Leteku, Lotqua, Baccaurea, Lantern Tree, Mafai.
Name in Other Languages Nepal : Kala Bogoti
Vietnamese: Giau gia dat
Italian: Uva di birmano
Burmese: Kanazo
Khmer : Phnhiew
Russian: Бирманский виноград
English: Burmese grape
Malaysia : Pupor
Thai: mafai
Bengali : Lot-kon
Hindi : Khattaphal
Assamese : leteku
Khasi : Sohramdieng
Somalian:Da Diaoguai
Dutch:  Birmaanse druif
Spanish: Uva birmana
French: Raisin birmane
Malay: Mafai Setambun
German: Birmanische Traube
Chinese : Mu Nai Guo
Garo : Gasampe
Bangladesh : Kusumtenga
India : Leteku
Cambodian: Phnhiew
Indonesia : Tampoi Kuning
Laotian : F’ai
Thailand : Mafai
Khmer: Phnkiew
Laotian: Fai
Plant Growth Habit Medium-sized, slow growing evergreen tree
Growing Climate Prefers a position in full sun, succeeding also in light shade
Soil Found on sandy and granite soils. Succeeds in a wide range of soils, in well-drained as well as wetter sites.
Plant Size 15-25 m tall, 25-70 cm in diameter
Bark Gray-brown bark
Trunk Tressed trunk
Branchlets Hispid branchlets
Leaf Leaves with raised glands and borne on 3–8 cm, glabrous petiole with stipules 2.5–6 by 1–2.5 mm, caducous (to late caducous), glabrous to sparsely hairy outside. Lamina is obovate-oblong, oblanceolate, or oblong, 9–15 × 3–8 cm, papery, green adaxially, yellowish-green abaxially, glabrous on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin entire or shallowly repand, apex shortly acuminate to acute with 4–9 pairs lateral veins depressed above, raised below.
Flower Small grouped in raceme, axillary to cauliflorous, males and females are on different trees. Males smaller arranged in slender clusters of 10 cm. long, mostly at the end of the branches, individual flower with short pedicel. Female slightly bigger, racemes clustered of 30 cm. long on old branches and main trunk.
Flowering Season April-May
Fruit Shape & Size Baccate berry, globose, ovoid to slightly pear-shaped, 2–3.7 × 1.4–3 cm, indehiscent, 3-celled.
Fruit Color Start off green colored, but as they ripen, they can turn yellow, red or even deep purple.
Fruit Skin Leathery rind
Flesh Color White to pinkish white, translucent
Taste Sour and sweet taste.
Seed Several small, hard seeds, flat-elliptic or rotund, 1–1.3 cm with purplish red testa which are edible
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 55 mg (61.11%)
Iron, Fe 3.3 mg (41.25%)
Carbohydrate 10.5 g (8.08%)
Protein 0.7 g (1.40%)
Total Fat (lipid) 0.3 g (0.86%)
Calcium, Ca 2 mg (0.20%)
Health Benefits
  • Ensures a Healthy Pregnancy
  • Bone Health
  • Common Cold
  • Muscular health
  • Provide Energy
  • Immunity
  • For Weight Loss
Calories in (100 gm) 48 K cal