Calendula facts

The flowers of Calendula plant is used for making medicines. It helps to prevent fevers and muscle spasms. It treats menstrual cramps, sore throat, stomach ulcers and cancer. The application of Calendula lowers the pain and inflammation and cures the wounds. It also treats varicose veins, nose bleeds, rectum inflammation and hermorrhoids. This plant possesses anti-inflammatory and healing properties. The tincture made from this plant is used externally and orally that helps to cure the skin ailments such as stings, scrapes and rashes. The extract possesses the healing properties due to which it is effective to heal the minor wounds.

Name Calendula
Scientific Name Calendula officinalis
Native Native to Asia, Southern and Central Europe. It got naturalized in North Europe and warm regions.
Common/English Name Calendula, Garden-pot Marigold, Common marigold, Hen and chicks pot marigo, Pot marigold, Marigold, Pot-marigold, Scotch-marigold, Red calliandra, English Marigold, Garden-marigold, Ruddles, Scottish-marigold, Gold-bloom, Marybud, Holligold, Goldbloom, Ruddes, Golds, Bull’s eyes, Mary bud, Cowbloom, Drunkard Gold, Death Flower, Garden Marigold, Gold Bloom, Herb of the Sun, Golden Flower of Mary, Hollygold, Husband’s Dial, May Orange, Marygold, Kingscup, Poor Man’s Saffron, Poet’s Marigold, Scottis Marigold, Ruddles, Summer’s Bride, Shining Herb, Water Dragon, Sun’s Bride
Name in Other Languages Brazilian Portuguese: Calêndula;
Danish: havemorgenfrue;
Occitan: Gaug;
Swedish: ringblomma;
Japanese Rōmaji: tō-kin-sen-ka; 
Transcribed Korean: geumjanhwa; 
Catalan: Boixac de jardí, Boixac, Clavellina de mort, Bojat, Bojar, Flor de tot, Groguet, Calèndula,  Llevamà, Jaumet, Pet de frare
Albanian: Kalendula Mjekësore;
Arabic: Djoumaira, Ajamir;
Brazil: Calêndula
Chinese: Chin Chan Hua, Jīn zhǎn huā (金盏花);
Croatian: Bileć, Mesiček,Ljekoviti Neven, Vridovno Zelje, Ognjac, Zimorod;
Czech: Měsíček Lékařský;
Danish: Morgenfrue, Havemorgenfrue;
Dutch: Tuinggoudsbloem, Goudsbloem;
Eastonian: Harilik Saialill;
Esperanto: Kalendulo Kuraca, Orfl oro Kuraca, Kalendulo;
Finnish: Tarhakehäkukka, Kehäkukka, kehaekukka;
French: Calendule, Fleurs De Tous Les Mois, Fleur De Souci, Gauche-Fer, Soubi, Souci Des Jardins, Souci, Yous Les Mois, Souci Offi cinal;
German: Goldblume, Ringelrose, Ringelblume, Sonnenwende;
Hungarian: Körömvirág, Kerti Körömvirág;
Iceland: Morgunfrú;
India:-
Hindi: Genda, Zergul, Surajmukhee,
Punjabi: Gulsarfi,
Tamil: Sendigai Poo, Sendigai,
Telugu: Banti,
Urdu: Gul-E-Ashrafi;
Italian: Calendola, Calta, Calendula, Fior D’ogni, Fiorrancio Coltivato, Fiorrancio Dei Gardine, Fiorrancio;
German: Butterblume, Echte Ringel blume, Dotterblume, Garten-Ringelblume, Goldblume, Gartendotter blume, Ingelblum,
Rinderblume, Ringelrose, Ringelblume, Ringula, Sonnenwende, Sonnen braut, Toten blume, Studentenblume, Wucherblume, Warzenkraut, Weckbröseln,
Japanese: Kinsenka, To Kinsenka
Korean: Kumjanhwa
Norwegian: Ringblom
Polish: Nagietek Lekarski
Portuguese: Calêndula, Boas- Noites, Belas-Noites, Maravilhas, Margarida;
Russian: kalendula (календула), nogot’ki lekarstvennyye (ноготьки лекарственные), nogot’ki lekarstvennye, Nogot’ki;
Slovašcina: Ognjič Vrtni, Zdravilni Ognjič, Vrtni Ognjič;
Slovenian: Vrtni Ognjič, Nechtík Lekársky;
Spanish: Botón De Oro, Calendula, Caldo, Cempasúchitl, Corona De Rey, Flaminquillo, Flamenquilla, Flor De Merte ,Flor De Difunto,
Maravilla, Mercadela, Mejorana, Virreina, Rosa De Muertos;
Swedish: Ringblomma, Solsocka, Solsicka,
Turkish: Tibbi Nergis
Vietnamese: Cúc Kim Tiền, Tâm Tư, Hoa Xu Xi, Cúc, Xu Xi;
Welsh: Melyn Mari
Plant Growth Habit Annual
Growing Climate Cool
Soil Fertile, well-drained
Plant Size Height: 1-2’
Lifespan Perennial or annual
Root Taproot
Stem Erect, square, branching
Leaf Aromatic, arranged spirally, lance shaped to oblong to obovate, green, Length: 6”
Flowering Season May to June
Flower Yellow- orange gold, showy, Across: 1-4 inch (2.54-10.2 cm)
Taste Bitter
Health Benefits
  • Treats health problems
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Anti-microbial
  • Radical scavenger
  • UV ray protection
  • Anti-tumor activity
  • Eradicates gingivitis
  • Lowers inflammation
  • Healing activity
  • Protects oral health
  • Promotes skin appearance
  • Improves vision
  • Treats cramps
Traditional uses
  • It aids skin problems and cures bites, sore eyes, stings, wounds, sprains, varicose veins etc.
  • It also treats chronic infections and fevers.
  • It speeds up the healing process of wounds.
  • It acts as an aid for digestion.
  • The infusion made from flowers treats stomach cramps, ulcers, herpes viruses and yeast infections.
  • The infusion cures bee stings, boils, acne, eczema, mouth sores and toothache.
  • Tincture is useful for vaginal douche yeast, inflamed lungs and hemorrhoids.
  • The sap of flowers reduces swellings.
  • It provides relief from mouth inflammations.
Precautions
  • Calendula might lead to allergic reactions.
  • The allergic people should avoid it.
  • One should consult a health professional before using it.
How to Eat
  • The petals and leaves are used in salads.
  • The petals (dried) are added to cakes, soups etc.
  • It enhance the flavor of rice, soups etc.
  • Tea could be prepared from the flowers and petals.
  • The petals (chopped) are used to garnish dishes.
Other Facts
  • Calendula is also called as flower of rains.
  • Calendula is considered as a symbol of sorrow as well as sympathy.
  • The flowers have slight peppery taste.
  • The leaves possess bitter taste.
  • Calendula treats wounds, burns, eczema and insect bites.