Chrysanthemum Facts

Chrysanthemum morifolium is the scientific name for an old fashioned favorite commonly known as garden mum or florist’s chrysanthemum. It is a perennial herb, 60 to 150cm high. It is native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Most of them are cultivated but there are some from the wild. It is collected in batches between September and November, especially when flowers bloom. Due to its higher nutritive value it is grown worldwide nowadays.

Name Chrysanthemum
Scientific Name Chrysanthemum morifolium
Native China
Common/English Name Chrysanthemum, Mum, Mums, Florists Chrysanthemum, Florist’s Daisy, Garden Mums
Name in Other Languages Brazil : Crisântemo
Vietnamese : Bạch Cúc
Chinese : Chu Hua
Indonesian : Bunga Krisan
Czech : Listopadka Velkokvětá
German : Chrysantheme
Nicaragua : Margarita
Spanish : Crisantemo
Honduras : Crisantemo
Costa Rica : Crisántemo
India : Gundandi ( Hindi)
Swedish : Krysantemum
Japanese : Kangiku
Philippines : Manzanilla ( Iloko )
Thai : Khek-Huai
Russian : Chrisantema Šelkovicelistnaja
French : Chrysanthème
Malaysia : Kek Hwa
Korean : Guk Hwa
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous perennial
Growing Climate Prefers mild cool climates
Soil Thrives best in fertile, moist, well-drained slightly acidic soil rich in organic matter in full sun
Plant Size 60 to 150cm high
Stem Erect or ascending sometimes procumbent, sparsely branched stem
Leaf Olive-green, aromatic, weakly pubescent to sub glabrous on both surfaces on 1–2 cm long petioles.
Flower Involucre 10–22 mm in diameter, 4–5 seriate. Ray florets yellow to variously colored (pink, white, orange, lavender, purple, red, rust, bronze, olive-green) in cultivars with entire or triserrate oblong ligules. Disc florets yellow to pale greenish-yellow with 5-toothed corolla tube.
Flowering Season September-October
Fruit Commonly known as Cypsela obovoid, 1.5–2 mm, light brown.
Major Nutrition Vitamin B9 (Folate) 90 µg (22.50%)
Manganese, Mn 0.481 mg (20.91%)
Iron, Fe 1.17 mg (14.63%)
Copper, Cu 0.07 mg (7.78%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.09 mg (6.92%)
Vitamin A, RAE 48 µg (6.86%)
Potassium, K 289 mg (6.15%)
Calcium, Ca 60 mg (6.00%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.073 mg (5.62%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.066 mg (5.50%)
Health Benefits
  • Blood Pressure
  • Alleviate Cold Symptoms
  • Blood Cleansing
  • Improving Cardiovascular Functioning
  • Lowers Cholesterol
  • Providing the Body with Vitamin B
  • Eye Health
  • Against Heat Rashes
  • Cures Inflammation
Calories in 1cup (51gm) 12 Kcal