Crab’s eye facts

Crab’s eye has abrin which is a powerful poison. The seeds have red color with a black spot. The seed measures about 6 mm broad and 8 mm long which weighs 105 mg. When the seeds are swallowed, it is harmful. The Indian Goldsmiths use the seeds to weigh silver and gold. The flowers are small and light purple. The pod is flat and oblong; 2 inches long which contains 3 to 5 seeds. It turns back in order to disclose the seeds which are smooth and glossy. One seed is enough to kill adult. It shows the symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, liquid black stools, vomiting, drowsiness, cold sweat and fast or weak pulse.

Name Crab’s eye
Scientific Name Abrus precatorius
Native It is native to India and tropical Asia. It becomes invasive and weedy where it got introduced.
Common/English Name Bead vine, Coral bean, Coral bead plant, Licorice vine, Crabs eye, Love bean, Prayer beads, Lucky bean creeper, Precatory pea, Prayer bean, Red bead vine, Rosary pea, Rosary bean, Weather vine, Weather plant, Black-eyed Susan, Indian licorice, Coral-beadplant, Jequirity, Jamaican licorice, Jequirity bean, Jumble beads, Jumbie beads, Love bean, Licorice vine, Love nut, Minnie minnies, Lucky bean, Prayer beans, Prayer beads, Precatory, Rosary pea, Red beadvine, Crab’s eye creeper, Wild liquorice, Cock’s eyes, John Crow Bead, Paternoster pea, Coral bead, Country licorice, Red-bead vine, Wild licorice, Indian licorice, Akar Saga, Jamaica wild licorice, Coondrimany, Jumbie bead, Gidee gidee
Name in Other Languages Assamese:  Raturmani, Liluwani
Bengali: Chun hali, Gunja, Gunj, Gurgonje, Gunjika, Kuncha, Kunch
Burmese: Ywe nge, Ywe gale
Chinese : Xian xi teng, Ji mu zhu, Xiang si zi
Czech: Sotorek růžencový, Sotorek obecný
French (Reunion): Abrus à prière, Cascavelle, Arbre à chapelet, Graine diable, Liane à réglisse, Herbe de diable, Réglisse, Soldat, Réglisse marron, Jéquirity, Pater noster, Pois rouge, Grain d’église
German:  Paternostererbse, Paternosterkraut, Paternoster-Erbse
Gujarati :  Chanothi, Ratti, Gunja
Hindi :  Ganchi, Gunch, Guncai, Gunchi, Gunche, Gunja, Masha,  Kunch, Ratti, Patahika
Italian:  Regolizia d’America, Falsa liquirizia
Japanese:  Tou azuki
Kannada:  Ganji, Gulugani, Gulganju, Gulugunji, Madhuka, Gungi
Korean:  Hong du
Malay:-
Kalimantan:  Kenderi,Pokok tasbih, Pokok saga, Piling-piling, Saga
Indonesian-Java: Taning bajang, Saga telik
Malayalam:  Kunni kuru
Marathi: Chanoti, Goonteh, Gunja, Gunehi, Rati, Madhuyashti, Gunj
Nepalese: Ratigedii, Laalgedii 
Oriya:  Runji, Gunja
Polish:  Modligroszek pospolity
Portuguese (Brazil):  Jiquiriti, Jequirity
Punjabi:  Ratak, Lagrigunchi
Russian:  Abrus molitvennyj
Sanskrit:  Gunjaa, Raktika, Madhuyashtika, rati
Serbian: Brojanice-očenaš, Jekviriti,  Crveni grašak
Sundanese:  Saga areuy
Tamil:  Gundumani,  Kunyi, Kundu manni, Kuntumani, Kunyimni
Telgu:  Gunja, Guriginja, Guruginia, Guruvenda, Raktika, Guruvinda,
Thai:  Cha em thet, Ma khaam tao, Ma khaek, Ma klam taa nuu, Ma klam daeng, Ma klam khru
Urdu: Khakshi, Qirat, Surkh
Vietnamese:  Cam thảo dây, Dây chi chi, Cườm thảo, Tương tư đằng,  Dây cườm cườm 
Africa:  Ndé blé ni
Bengali: Kunch, Chunhali, Koonch
Gujarathi: Chanoti, Chanothi, Gumchi
Tamil: Gundumani
Malayalam: Gundumani, Kunni
Farsi: Chasmekharosh
Punjabi: Mulati
Urdu: Ghunchi
Kasmiri: Shangir
Persian: Gunchi, Khurosa, Chashami
Chamorro: kulales halom tano, kolales halomtano
Chinese: ji mu zhu, xiang si zi, xian xi teng
Fijian: lele, leredamu, lere ndamu, nggiri ndamu, ndiri ndamu
Hawaiian: pūkiawe, pūkiawe lenalena, pūkiawe lei, pūpūkiawe
Japanese: toazuki
Korean: hong du
Maori (Cook Islands): kirikiri rangi, koviriviri mata-tako, kōviriviri mata tako, uiui, pitipiti‘ō
Niuean: pomea mata‘ila, mata‘ila
Pohnpeian: kaikes en iak, kaigus
Samoan: fuefue laulili‘i, matamoso, fuefue laulili‘i, matamoso
Spanish: peronías, ojos de cangrejo
Tahitian: pitipiti‘o, pepitio
Tongan: matamoe, moho, matamoho
Spanish:  Pips, troughs, Pionia bejuco, guairuros, colorines, Canzero eye, jiquirití, peronias, pythium, Crab eyes           
Colombia: jealous, pear
Cuba: jequirity, peony, Peony of saint thomas      
Haiti: cain ghe, Graines reglisse rouges, Graines reglisse noires, jequirity,
because rouge, liane réglisse, Réglisse d’amerique, quinquet,
Panama: Crab eye          
Puerto Rico: Crab eyes, perio      
Dominican Republic: Crab eye, peronia, peony, peronila 
Australia: Indian liquorice, Crab’s eye vine, Crab’s eye, Crab’s-eye creeper, Crab’s eyes, Do-anjn-jin, gidee gidee,Giddee-giddee, jequirity bean, jequirity, precatory bean,           rosary pea, Pun-dir pun-dir
Bahamas: Black-eyed susan, Crab’s eyes 
U.S: Crab’s eye,                 jequirity, rosarypea        
Estonia: Kee-palvehernes             
Guyana: Crab’s eyes, lickrish, kokriki, wild liquorice, paternosterboontje, petit panacoco
India: gunj          
Indonesia: saga
Jamaica Red: bead vine 
Jamaica wild:  liquorice 
Lesser Antilles: Crab’s eye, jumbie bean, gwen léglis, wire wiss, liquorice plant
Madagascar: masogaga, masomamboatorana, masonombilahy,   matora, Voakatao, voamina, Corneaux yeux  
Malawi: ulangawiu         
Pohnpei FSM: Kaikes en iak         
Fidji: lele, read ndamu, ndiri ndamu, nggiri ndamu              
Dutch: paternostererwt, weesboontje     
Niuana: pomea mata’ila
Sinhala: Olinda wel         
Swedish: paternosterböna, paternosterärt            
Tahitian: pepitio, pitipitio, Kundu-mani, Kuntu-mani          
Tongan: matamoe, matamoho, mold        
Plant Growth Habit Annual woody, climber, branching, deciduous, vine
Plant Size Length: 10 m
Stem Slender, branched
Leaf Paripinnate, suboblong, 1-2 x 0.4-0.8 cm, pale-green, oblong
Leaflets Oblong; Length: 2.5 cm; Width: 1.5 cm
Flowering Season Summer
Flower Small, pink, lavender or white
Pod shape and size Elliptic; Length: 4 cm, dehiscent, turgid
Seed 3 to 8, lustrous, subglobose, scarlet-red, glossy, hard, Thick: 3.5 mm; Length: 6-7 mm (< 1 inch)
Weight of 1 seed 125 mg
Varieties/Types
  • White variety- Sweta Gunjia
  • Red variety- Rajta Gunja
Traditional uses
  • Leaves are used for mouth sores.
  • The tea made from leaves treats for colds, fevers and coughs.
  • The plant promotes hair growth.
  • The chewing of root is cure snake bites.
  • The decoction of aerial parts treats gonorrhea.
  • The leaf decoction is useful for chest pains.
  • Seeds are considered to be emetic, purgative and anthelmintic.     
Precautions
  • The high dose causes vomiting and diarrhea, stomach cramps, tachycardia, cold sweats, coma and nausea.
  • Avoid by the pregnant or lactating women and children less than 5 years of age.
  • The prolong use causes anemia.
  • It might slow down the clotting of blood.
  • It also lowers the blood sugar.