Custard Apple Facts

Custard apple, also known as Seetaphal in India, is actually a subtropical fruit belonging to the Annonacea family. The fruit grows on a small deciduous tree and is known by different names worldwide. The fruit is around 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter and has a sweet and delicious taste. The shape of the fruit may be sub globose, heart shaped, ovate or conical. It has a creamy and granular textured flesh, enclosed by seeds. Skin of the fruit is thin and tough, mostly black and green in color. The fruit is native to West Indies, Central America, Peru and Mexico.

Name Custard apple
Scientific Name Annona squamosa
Native Origin is uncertain, probably indigenous to the Antilles or South Mexico.
Common/English Name Custard Apple, Scaly Custard Apple, Sugar- Apple, Sweetsop, Buddha Fruit, Bullock’s Heart, Bull’s Heart, Ox Heart, Wild Sweetsop
Name in Other Languages Guadeloupe: Pomme Cannelle
Antilles: Pomme Cannelle
Grenadines: Applebush
Argentina: Cachiman
Bolivia: Anon;
Tahitian: Tapo Tapo
Burmese: Awza Thee
Chinese: Shijia
Marquesan: Noni Haoe
Cook Islands: Katara‘Āpa Māori
Bahamas: Sweetsop
Comoros: Mkonokono (Anjouan Island)
Spanish: Anón
Czech: Láhevník Šupinatý
Portuguese: Ateira
Danish: Sød Annona
Pukapukan: Kātalāpa
Reunion Island: Pomme Cannelle (French)
Fijian: Noi-Na
Netherlands Antilles: Scopappel
French: Anone Écailleuse
Polish: Cukrowe Jabłko
Gabon: Atte
Arabic: Gishta
Ghana: Apre (Asante-Twi)
Surinam: Kaneelappel
Guatemala: Anona
Brazil: Atá
Japanese: Banreishi
Panama: Anon
Haiti: Cachiman Cannelle
Tongan: ‘Apele Papalangi
Papiamento: Skopapel
Chamorro: Ates
Indonesia: Atu Su Walanda
West Africa: Pomme Cannelle (French)
Dominican Republic: Anón Candonga
Jamaica: Sweetsop
Venezuela: Rinón
Eastonian: Soomusannoona
Khmer: Tiep Baay
Honduras: Anona Blanca
Laotian: Khièb
Thai: Lanang
Dutch: Kannelappel
Malaysia: Buah Nona
Costa Rica: Anon
Mali: Tubabu Sunsun (Bambara)
Columbia: Chirimoya Verrugosa
Nepal: Shariiphaa
French Guiana: Pomme Cannelle
Nicaragua: Anona De Guatemala
Italian: Mela Canella
Pakistan: Sharifa (Urdu)
Tuvaluan: Nameana
Mauritius: Atta
Hungarian: Gyömbéralma
Palauan: Ngel Ra Ngebard
Tanzania: Mastaferi (Swahili)
Madagascar: Konikony
Persian: Kaj
Vietnamese: Mang Câú Ta
Philippines: Ates
India: Atakathal
Puerto Rico: Anón
German: Rahmapfel
Rotuman: Fat Manaova
Mexico: Ahate
Ecuador: Chirimoya
Swahili: Mastaferi
El Salvador: Anona De Castilla
Taiwan: Sakya
Cuba: Anón
Niuean: Talapo
Plant Growth Habit Small, semi-deciduous tree
Growing Climate Requires a tropical or sub-tropical climate with summer temperatures
Soil Tolerates a wide variety of soils. It has performed well on sand, oolitic limestone, heavy loam with good drainage and in rich, well-drained, deep rocky soils. But it prefers friable, sandy loams
Plant Size 3–8 m
Trunk Curved or spreading trunk 10 to 14 inches thick.
Leaf Alternate, simple, petiolate (4–22 mm long). Lamina narrowly elliptic to oblong or lanceolate, 5–17 × 2.5–6 cm, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute to obtuse; surfaces glaucous and pale green, abaxially variably pubescent, adaxially glabrous.
Flower Greenish-yellow, fragrant with hairy, green, triangular sepals about 16 mm long.
Fruit Shape & Size Sub globose, heart shaped, ovate or conical, 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter and 6–10 cm (2.4–3.9 in) long, muricate with many round protuberances;
Fruit Color Greenish-yellow (or pinkish- purple in a purplish cultivar) when ripe
Fruit Skin Thin but tough
Flesh Color Creamy white
Fruit Weight 100–240 g (3.5–8.5 oz)
Fruit Taste Sweet and slightly tangy
Seed Blackish or dark brown seed, ellipsoid to obovoid, 1–1.4 cm, shiny and smooth.
Season October to May
Varieties/Types
  • Pinks Mammoth
  • African Pride
  • Late Gold
  • Geffner
  • Hilary White
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 90.8 mg (100.89%)
Selenium, Se 1.5 mg (65.22%)
Carbohydrate 59.1 g (45.46%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.5 mg (38.46%)
Total dietary Fiber 11 g (28.95%)
Copper, Cu 0.215 mg (23.89%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.275 mg (22.92%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.282 mg (21.69%)
Iron, Fe 1.5 mg (18.75%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.208 mg (13.80%)
Potassium, K 618 mg (13.15%)
Magnesium, Mg 52 mg (12.38%)
Phosphorus, P 80 mg (11.43%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.565 mg (11.30%)
Protein 5.15 g (10.30%)
Health Benefits
  • Better Hair Growth
  • Natural Antidote for Morning Sickness
  • Prevents Premature Labor
  • For A Better Immune System
  • Remedy for Diarrhea and Dysentery
  • Stronger Digestive System
  • Delays Ageing and Keeps Skin Youthful
  • Protects Anemia
  • Helps to Gain Weight
  • Remedy for Inflammatory Diseases
  • Lower the Risk of Arthritis
  • Better Brain Health
  • Fighting Fatigue
  • Good Eyesight
  • For Better Cardiovascular Health
  • Natural Anti-cancerous Properties
Calories in 1 cup (250 gm) 235 K cal