|Dandelion greens Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Taraxacum officinale|
|Origin||Eurasia but have been introduced to North America, India, South America, New Zealand and Australia.|
|Shapes||Oblanceolate, oblong or obovate; irregular, jagged tooth-shaped edges, Length: 6-40 cm, Width: 0.7-15 cm|
|Taste||Earthy, nutty and bitter|
|Calories||25 Kcal. Kcal./cup|
|Major nutrients||Vitamin K (356.75%)
Vitamin A (39.86%)
Vitamin C (21.33%)
Vitamin E (12.60%)
|Health benefits||Strong bones, Liver health, Lowers diabetes, Diuretic action, Skin health|
In general appearance, Dandelion is reminiscent of Agoseris and is sometimes called Blowball, Fairy Clock, Lion’s-Tooth and Faceclock. Like Agoseris the plants are mostly stemless, the leaves form a basal rosette and contain a milky sap. The flower stalks bears a single, erect and feathery flower head that possess many white bristles. The flower head is 2 to 5 cm in diameter. The fruit is cypselae between 2-3 mm in diameter.
Dandelions are the oldest plant on the planet. The Dandelions are believed to be appeared in Eurasia about thirty million years ago. This plant has been used by humans as food and medicinal plant.
Dandelions are herbaceous and perennial plants which grows up to 40 cm high. The stem is light green to white which contains the milky sap. It is smooth and grows 5-40 cm (2.0-15.7 inch) high. They have irregular leaves that are oblanceolate, oblong or obovate with jagged tooth-shaped edges, 6-40 cm long and 0.7-15 cm wide. The leaves are dark green with smooth or glabrous texture. The plant bears yellow to orange flowers during spring and fall. The flowers are disk shaped, feathery and 2-5 cm in diameter. The fruit of Dandelions is called cypselae which are obovoid, ribbed and 3 mm long. The fruit is olive-green or olive-brown to greyish in color. Each fruit possess white and single seeds.
Edible parts of the plants
Buds: The buds are eaten in omelettes, pancakes, fritters and schnapps.
Petals: Dandelion petals are served with rice as confetti over rice.
Flowers, leaves and roots: The young flowers are added to salad for flavor and colour. The flowers are used as ingredient in Arabic cake. The flowers can be made as jam. Dandelion flowers are used to make wines. The flowers, leaves and roots are used to make tea. Young leaves are consumed as salads. The stalks of blanched leaf are eaten raw or cooked as vegetable.
Seeds: The sprouted seeds are used in salads.
Roots: The roots are consumed raw or cooked. The roasted roots are used to make dandelion coffee.
The serving size of 1 cup (55 gm) provides 25 calories. The same amount provides 356.75% of Vitamin K, 39.86% of Vitamin A, 21.33% of Vitamin C, 21.25% of Iron, 1.89 mg of Vitamin E, 0.143 mg of Vitamin B2 and 0.138 mg of Vitamin B6.
Health Benefits of Dandelion leaves
The leaves of dandelion possess various antioxidants that have positive effect on the health. The entire plant contains high amount of kynurenic acid which is essential to maintain the digestive health. It has the ability to reduce irritation and redness. Dandelion greens possess high amount of fiber which assist bowel movements. It also contains good amount of Vitamin B6 and C, riboflavin, iron, thiamin, manganese and potassium. The other nutrients include magnesium, copper, phosphorus and folate.
- Strong bones
Dandelions possess high amount of calcium which is vital for the bone growth and strength. It contains antioxidants such as Luteolin and Vitamin C that prevent bones from damage due to free radicals. It prevents bone weakness, frailty and decrease in density. (1)
- Liver health
Dandelion contains the antioxidants such as Luteloin and Vitamin C which helps to maintain the liver function and cures the liver hemorrhage. It assists to maintain the bile flow, enhance liver and promote digestion. It lowers the chances of constipation that reduces the chances of gastrointestinal issues. (2)
- Lowers diabetes
The juice of Dandelion assists the diabetic patients to stimulate the insulin production from pancreas by keeping low level of blood sugar. It enhances the urination in diabetic patients which eliminates the excess sugar from the body. It prevents the deposition of sugar in the kidneys by promoting the urination. It prevents the harmful spikes and plunges in diabetic patients. (3)
- Diuretic action
The diuretic properties in Dandelion remove the toxic elements from the kidneys and urinary tract. The disinfectant properties prevent the microbial growth in urinary tract. (4)
- Skin health
The sap of Dandelion helps to treat the skin ailments which are the result of fungal and microbial infections. The sap is high in alkaline and possess insecticidal, germicidal and fungicidal properties. The sap could be applied on eczema, ringworm, itches and other skin conditions without any side effects. (5)
- Reduce acne
The juice of Dandelion is a great diuretic, detoxifier, antioxidant and stimulant which are effective to treat acne. Dandelion juice helps to regulate the hormone secretion by increasing sweat and open up pores. This helps to remove the toxins in the form of urine and sweat. The external application of Dandelion sap prevents the microbial infection and reduces the acne. As it possess Vitamin C, it also speeds up the healing process by eliminating red inflammation and scars. (6)
- Helps to lose weight
Urine contains about 4% fat so more urination leads to losing of more water as well as fats from the body. As Dandelions are diuretic, it enhances urination and assists to lose weight without any side effects. Additionally, Dandelions contains low calories. It is also used as sweeteners as it does not contain unhealthy sugar. (7)
- Prevent cancer
Vitamin C and Luteolin are the antioxidants which are found in Dandelions that helps to eradicate free radicals from the body. This also reduces the chances of cancer. It helps to detoxify the body and prevent the development of tumors and cancers. Luteolin renders the development of cancer cells. It also effectively helps with prostate cancer. (8)
- Treats jaundice
Dandelion is effective to counteract the jaundice and helps to cure it. It enhances the health of the liver and regulates the production of bile. It has diuretic properties that enhance the urination which helps to remove the excess bile. Luteolin and Vitamin C acts and an antioxidant and disinfectant which counteracts with the viral infections. It is effective to take with sugarcane juice because it replace the sugar that is reduced with the impact of excess bile. (9)
- Gall bladder function
Dandelions are effective to promote the function of liver and gall bladder. It also prevents the infections and oxidants. It regulates the secretion of both organs.
- Prevent constipation
Dandelion is rich in fiber which aids digestion and good intestinal health. It enhances the bowel movements as it adds bulk to the stool and reduces the constipation and diarrhea. It prevents the gastrointestinal issues by regulating the bowel movements. It also soothes the stomach. It enhances the appetite.
- Treats anemia
Dandelion provides good amount of vitamin, iron and proteins. Iron is a vital part of hemoglobin. Protein and Vitamin B is essential for the RBC formation and other blood components. It assist the anemic patients to improve their condition. (10)
- Maintains blood pressure
Dandelion juice helps to increase the frequency and quantity of urination which helps to reduce the blood pressure. The fiber helps to reduce the cholesterol which increases the blood pressure. The presence of high amount of potassium effectively reduces the blood pressure by replacing sodium. (11)
- Dandelion is used to treat health ailments such as heartburn, dyspepsia, anorexia, liver and spleen complaints, hepatitis and.
- The root is cholagogue, diuretic, depurative, antipyretic, hepatic, galactagogue, detoxicant, stomachic, laxative and tonic.
- In herbal medicine, dandelion is used for choleretic, anti-inflammatory, laxative, appetite stimulating and diuretic properties.
- The root is also used as an antibiotic against yeast infection.
- Dandelion is used as a mild laxative in habitual constipation and as a tonic in atonic dyspepsia.
- The root acts as a gastrointestinal remedy which supports liver and digestion function.
- The tea which is made from dandelion root, balm herb, parsley root and liquorice root helps to treat gallstones.
- The leaf is used as a digestive stimulant and diuretic.
- The plant is used to treat urinary and gall bladder disorders, gallstones, cirrhosis, jaundice, dyspepsia, high blood pressure, heart weakness, chronic joint, gout, eczema, boils and acne.
- In Derbyshire, the juice of stalk is used to eliminate warts.
- The decoction made from leaf decoction is used to treat anaemia, nervousness and jaundice.
- The leaves are crushed and applied on lesions, insect and snake bites.
- In Jordan folk medicine, Dandelion is used to treat chronic constipation, panophthalmitis and diabetes.
- In Iran, Dandelion is used as an aid for Anaemia, providing immune modulation and purifying blood.
- Dandelion is used in Korean herbal medicine to promote health and energy levels.
Dandelion greens – Taraxacum officinale Facts
Dandelion greens are toothed leaves which yield yellow flower. The central hollow stem yields the leaves that may be green or red. It possesses a distinct, assertive flavor which is tangy and bitter. The younger leaves are mild and tender whereas the larger leaves are fibrous and bitter. The plant contains a white and milky juice.
|Scientific Name||Taraxacum officinale|
|Native||Eurasia but have been introduced to North America, India, South America, New Zealand and Australia.|
|Common/English Name||Blowball, Cankerwort, Broad-Lobed Dandelion, Faceclock, Common Dandelion, Fairy Clock, Dandelion, Lion’s-Tooth, Irish Daisy, Pissabed, Priest’s Crown, Milk Gowan, Swine’s Snout, Puffball,
Telltime, Wild Endive, Wet-A-Bed
|Name in Other Languages||Albanian: Luleshurdha;
Chinese: Pu Cong Ying Yao Pu Cong Ying;
Czech: Smetánka Lékařská;
Danish: Fandens Mælkebøtte;
Esperanto: Ofta Leontodo;
Estonian: Harilik Võilill;
French: Dent De Lion;
Icelandic: Fífl arætur;
Dogri: Phull – Dudhi,
Spiti: Sarkhen Mentok,
Japanese: Seiyou Tanpopo;
Nepalese: Tuki Phul;
Polish: Mniszek Pospolity;
Russian: Oduvanchik Lekarstvennyi;
Slovencina: Púpava Lekárska;
Vietnam: Bồ Công Anh Lùn;
Welsh: Dant Y Llew
|Plant Growth Habit||Perennial, herbaceous plants|
|Growing Climate||Mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate and tropic climate|
|Plant Size||40 cm|
|Root||Dark brown roots, tuberous tap root|
|Stem||Smooth, light green-white, Height: 5-40 cm (2.0-15.7 inch)|
|Leaf shape and size||Oblanceolate, oblong or obovate; irregular, jagged tooth-shaped edges, Length: 6-40 cm, Width: 0.7-15 cm|
|Leaf color||Dark green|
|Leaf texture||Smooth or glabrous|
|Leaf taste||Earthy, nutty and bitter|
|Leaf aroma/ flavor||Distinct, assertive|
|Flowering Season||Spring and fall|
|Flower||Yellow-orange; disk shaped, feathery; Diameter: 2-5 cm|
|Fruit shape & size||Obovoid, ribbed; Length: 3 mm|
|Fruit color||Olive-green or olive-brown to greyish|
|Seed||White, single seeded|
|Major Nutritions||Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 428.1 µg (356.75%)
Vitamin A, RAE 279 µg (39.86%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 19.2 mg (21.33%)
Iron, Fe 1.7 mg (21.25%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.89 mg (12.60%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.143 mg (11.00%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.138 mg (10.62%)
Copper, Cu 0.094 mg (10.44%)
Calcium, Ca 103 mg (10.30%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.104 mg (8.67%)
|Calories in 1cup (55 gm)||25 Kcal.|
|How to Eat||
|Scientific name||Taraxacum officinale|
|Family||Compositae / Asteraceae|
|Genus||Taraxacum F.H. Wigg.|
|Species||Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.|