Figs Facts

Botanically figs belong to the mulberry family (Moraceae), in the genus Ficus and is naive to south-western Asia to northwest India. During each season, fig bears several hundreds of pear-shaped fruits twice a year, which vary in size and color depending on the variety.Fig, Common Fig, Cultivated Fig, Edible Fig, Wild Fig are some of the popular common names of figs. Fleshy wall is whitish, pale-yellow, or amber, or more or less pink, rose, red or purple; juicy and sweet when ripe, gummy with latex when unripe.

Name Figs
Scientific Name Ficus carica
Native Indigenous in south-western Asia to northwest India
Common/English Name Fig, Common Fig, Cultivated Fig, Edible Fig, Wild Fig
Name in Other Languages Nepalese : Anjiir
Finnish : Viikuna
Persian : Anjir
Arabic : Anjir
Korean : Mu Hwa Gwa
Russian : Inžir
Macedonian : Smoka
Burmese : Thaphan
Pakistan : Anjeer
Swedish : Fikon
Croatian : Smokva
Samoan : Mati
Vietnamese : Quả Vả
Mangarevan : Pika
Danish : Almindelig Figen
French : Arbre À Carriques
Rakahanga-Manihiki : Monamona
Brazil : Figo
German : Echte Feige
Slovencina : Figovník Obyčajný
Hungarian : Füge(Fa)
Tongarevan : Monamona
Polish : Figowiec
Dutch : Echte Vijgeboom
Italian : Fic
Tuamotuan : Tute
Cook Islands : Suke ( Maori)
Serbian : Smoka
Japanese : Ichijiku
Chinese : Mo Fa Guo
Malaysia: Anjir
Eastonian : Harilik Viigipuu
Norwegian : Fiken
I-Kiribati : Te Biku
Portuguese : Behereira
India : Dumar ( Bengali)
Slovašcina : Figa
Czech : Fíkovník
Spanish : Breva
Marshallese : Wojke Piik
Palauan : Uósech
Plant Growth Habit Robust, deciduous, dioecious shrub or small tree
Growing Climate Thrive in warm, dry climates.
Soil Perform best on well-drained, reasonably fertile, organic matter rich soils. Figs are relatively salt tolerant and can be grown along the coast near brackish water. Fig is intolerant of poorly drained, waterlogged conditions.
Plant Size 5–10 m high
Root Shallow and spreading.
Bark Smooth, distinctly lenticellate, grey or dull white, young twigs glabrous or softly hairy
Trunk Short, rough trunk.
Stipules Red, ovate-lanceolate, about 1 cm long and caducous.
Leaf Alternate and borne on 5–12 cm long, grooved petioles. Lamina is variable in shape and size, broadly ovate to nearly orbicular, (4-) 5–15 (−20) cm long by (3.5-) 5–15 (−18) cm wide, undivided or shallowly palmatifid to mostly palmatipartite, lobes spathulate with entire to apically few-dentate margin, 5-costate at the cordate base, apex acute to obtuse, margins undulatedentate or dentate-crenate, sparsely to moderately hairy above, often densely hispid beneath especially on nerves, lateral nerves 6–8 (−9) pairs.
Flower Male flowers are found near the apical orifice, with usually 4 united sepals, 4 stamens on long filaments with oval, exserted anthers. Female flowers are pedicellate, with 4 lanceolate-oblong lobed sepals, ovoid ovary with lateral style and bifd stigma.
Fruit Shape & Size Usually pyriform-obovoid to subglobose, 3–5 centimetres (1.2–2.0 in) long, glabrous or shortly hispid,
Fruit Color Greenish- yellow, yellow, reddish to reddish-violet
Fruit Skin Thin
Flesh Color Whitish, pale-yellow, or amber, or more or less pink, rose, red or purple;
Taste Unique, sweet Taste
Seed Several  slightly crunchy, edible seeds
Varieties/Types
  • Commom Fig
  • Caprifig
  • Smyrna Fig
  • San Pedro Fig
  • Adriatic Fig
  • Black Mission Fig
  • Brown Turkey Fig
  • Calimyrna Fig
  • Sierra Fig
  • King Fig
  • Kadota Fig
  • Strangler Fig
Major Nutrition Carbohydrate 12.28 g (9.45%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.072 mg (5.54%)
Total dietary Fiber 1.9 g (5.00%)
Copper, Cu 0.045 mg (5.00%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.192 mg (3.84%)
Manganese, Mn 0.082 mg (3.57%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.038 mg (3.17%)
Potassium, K 148 mg (3.15%)
Iron, Fe 0.24 mg (3.00%)
Magnesium, Mg 11 mg (2.62%)
Health Benefits
  • Prevention of constipation
  • Anticancer
  • Weight loss
  • Lower cholesterol
  • Treat Common Illnesses
  • Prevention of coronary heart disease
  • Prevention of colon cancer
  • Good for diabetic patients
  • Antibacterial and Antifungal
  • Prevention of hypertension
  • Bronchitis
  • Venereal Diseases
  • Sexual Dysfunction
  • Strengthens Bones
  • Urinary calcium loss
  • Prevention of macular degeneration
  • Relief for throat pain
Calories in 1 Large (64 gm) 47 K cal