Garlic Pear Facts

Crateva religiosa commonly known as garlic pear is actually a moderate sized deciduous tree having unpleasant smell, with trifoliate leaves and garlic scented flowers. They grow wild near streams and are widely grown as an ornamental and sacred plant, especially around temples, in India and Bangladesh. Tree usually flowers and fruits in the month of Dec-May. Leaves and young shoots are cooked as a vegetable, flowers are pickled and berries and seeds are also edible.

Name Garlic pear
Scientific Name Crateva religiosa
Native Japan, Australia, much of Southeast Asia and several South Pacific islands
Common/English Name Temple plant, Balai Lamok, abiyuch, barna, varuna, bidasi, Garlic pear tree, Caper tree, Three-leaf caper, Obtuse Leaf Crateva
Plant Growth Habit Moderate sized deciduous tree
Growing Climate Grows well in sun or partial shade.
Soil Moist, rich, neutral to acid soil
Plant Size 15m (50ft) tall and 9m (30ft) wide
Bark Grey
Leaf Clustered at the ends of branchlets, with a common petiole 5 to 10 centimeters long, at the summit of which are tree leaflets
Leaflets Ovate-lanceolate or ovate, 7.5 to 12 centimeters long, 4 to 6 centimeters wide, and pointed at the base, with a rather slender point at the tip
Flower Occur in terminal corymbs, are about 5 centimeters in diameter, greenish-yellow, and the stamens are purplish. The petals are ovate or oblong, with the claw half as long as limb.
Fruit Shape & Size Ovoid or rounded, and 3 to 5 centimeters in diameters
Fruitr Color Light Green
Fruit Skin Hard and rough rind
Flesh Color Yellow
Taste Burning taste
Seed 10 centimeters in length, numerous, kidney-shaped
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 123.3 mg (137.00%)
Iron, Fe 3.67 mg (45.88%)
Total dietary Fiber 12.1 g (31.84%)
Carbohydrate 40.13 g (30.87%)
Manganese, Mn 0.415 mg (18.04%)
Phosphorus, P 107 mg (15.29%)
Potassium, K 693 mg (14.74%)
Copper, Cu 0.13 mg (14.44%)
Magnesium, Mg 55 mg (13.10%)
Protein 3.42 g (6.84%)
Health Benefits
  • Immunity
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Weight Loss
  • Strengthens Bones
  • Urination and Excretion
  • Lower Risk of Heart Problems
  • Proper Growth
Calories in 1 cup (228 gm) 157 K cal