Ginkgo biloba Facts

Ginkgo biloba is a unique tree without any living botanical relatives. It has been classified in a separate division Ginkgophyta, which contains the class of Ginkgoopsida, order of Ginkgoales, family of Ginkgoaceae, genus Ginkgo, and to this day it is the only living species belonging to this division. Ginkgo biloba, also known as the maidenhair tree, is one of the oldest species of trees on the planet. The tree is considered to be a “living fossil”, meaning that it has continued to survive even after major extinction events. It was named the maidenhair tree in England because the leaves look similar to the native maidenhair fern. They have very unique properties and are capable of growing more than 130 feet and can live for over one thousand years. In fact, there are some trees in China are said to be over 2,500 years old.

Name Ginkgo biloba
Scientific Name Ginkgo biloba
Native Native to Far East Asia – China, Japan and Korea
Common/English Name Common Ginkgo, Duck’s Foot Tree, Gingko, Gingko Biloba, Gingko Nuts, Golden Fossil Tree, Kew Tree, Maidenhair Tree
Name in Other Languages Slovašcina: Ginko Dvokrpi
Icelandic : Musteristré
Afrikaans : Vrekboom Ginkyo
Vietnamese : Bạch Quả
Nepali : Bal Kumari
Portuguese : Ginkgo
Arabic : Gingko
Korean : Apgaksu
Hungarian : Ginkgófa
Swedish : Gingko
Czech : Jinan Dvoulalocný
Japanese : Ichou
Dutch : Chinese tempelboom
Russian : Ginkgo
Eastonian : Hõlmikpuu
Slovencina : Ginko Dvojlaločné
Finnish : Neidonhiuspuu
Thailand : Pae Guay
Chinese : Ginnan
German : Fächerblattbaum
Spanish : Arbol Sagrado
Greek : Gigko
India : Balkuwari
Taiwan : Yin Xing
Danish : Ginkgo
Italian : Ginko
Turkish : Fosil Ağacı
Bohemian : Ginko
Singapore : Pakgor Su
French : Arbre Aux Mille Écus
South Africa : Vrekboom
Croatian : Ginko
Norwegian : Ginkgo
Brazil : Guincos
Polish : Chiński
Plant Growth Habit Deciduous, resinous, dioecious branched tree
Growing Climate Cool temperate species but does not tolerate extreme frost. It thrives best in full sun.
Soil Tolerates a range of soil types but thrives on acidic, well-watered, well-drained, yellow loess.
Plant Size 40 m tall
Bark Light grey or greyish brown bark
Trunk Diameter reaching 1.5 m
Leaf Borne on 3–10 cm long petioles which are channeled on the adaxial surface, lamina is fan-shaped, to 13 × 8–15 cm, mostly 1.5 times wider than long, glossy pale green (resembling those of the maidenhair fern or Adiantum ), turning bright yellow in Autumn, with irregularly toothed or notched upper margins and dichotomously veined.
Flower Female flower display an abundance of ovules in pairs on stalks each containing an egg cell, initially very green, but later turning greenish yellow, then orange and brown. The male flowers are ivory-colored, catkin-like pollen cones (microsporangia), 3–6 on each short shoot containing boat-shaped pollen sacs with widely gaping slit.
Fruit Shape & Size Elliptic, narrowly obovoid, or ovoid, 2.5–3.5 × 1.6–2.2 cm
Fruit Color Green when young turning to pale yellow when mature
Seed Single hard shelled seed
Season October
Varieties/Types
  • Autumn Gold
  • Fastigiata
  • Pendula
  • Princeton Sentry
  • Saratoga
  • Variegata
Major Nutrition Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 6 mg (37.50%)
Copper, Cu 0.274 mg (30.44%)
Carbohydrate 37.6 g (28.92%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.328 mg (25.23%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.22 mg (18.33%)
Phosphorus, P 124 mg (17.71%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 15 mg (16.67%)
Tryptophan 0.071 g (16.14%)
Threonine 0.268 g (15.23%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 54 µg (13.50%)
Valine 0.283 g (13.40%)
Iron, Fe 1 mg (12.50%)
Isoleucine 0.209 g (12.50%)
Potassium, K 510 mg (10.85%)
Health Benefits
  • Increases Concentration
  • Depression
  • Cognitive Abilities
  • Fights Fibromyalgia
  • Helps Maintain Vision and Eye Health
  • Pain Relief
  • Alzheimer’s and Dementia
  • Helps Heal Hemorrhoids
  • Blood Flow
  • Fights Symptoms of PMS
  • Vision Health
  • Heart Health
  • Helps Treat Headaches and Migraines
  • Nervous System
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Anti-Aging
  • Helps Prevent or Treat ADHD
  • Improves Libido
  • Lowers Symptoms of Asthma
  • Parkinson’s disease
Calories in (100 gm) 182 K cal