Grapes Facts

Grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis. They are small, round berries growing in clusters on a perennial and deciduous woody vine. These tiny berries of Europe and Mediterranean regions are the storehouse of numerous health promoting phyto-nutrients such as poly-phenolic antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It grows up to 15½ meters (50 feet long) and can have about 40 clusters of grapes; each grape cluster has an average of 75 grapes. Grapes are made up of 80% water, which make them a low-calorie dessert or snack. Raisins (dried grapes) are made up of about 15% water.

Name Grapes
Scientific Name Vitis vinifera
Native Mediterranean region, central Europe, and Asia minor,
Common/English Name Common Grapevine, Domestic Grape, European Grape, Grape, Grapes, Grapevine, Wine Grape.
Name in Other Languages Nepali : Dakh
Arabic : Aanab
Vietnam : Nho
Slovencina : Vinič Hroznorodý
Brazil : Parreira
Japanese : Budou
Burmese : Sa-Pyit
Spanish : Parra
Czech : Réva Vinná
Indonesia : Buah Anggur
Bulgarian : Vino
Laos : ‘Angunx
Thai : A Ngun
German : Echter Weinstock
Polish : Winorośl
Hungarian : Vinič Hroznorodý
Chinese : Ou Zhou Pu Tao
India : Angoor
Tibetan : Rgun Bru
Pakistan : Angur
Italian : Ambrusca
Serbian : Loza
Kampuchea : Tra Pèang Baay Chum
French : Grappe
Korean : Podo
Dutch : Wijnstok
Swedish : Vindruva
Malaysia : Anggur
Turkish : Üzüm
Norwegian : Vindrue
Persian : Ab-Josh
Greek : Ambeli
Portuguese : Videira-Europeia
Eastonian : Harilik Viinapuu
Russian : Obyknobennaia Vinogradnaia
Danish : Ægte Vinranke
Philippines : Ubas
Plant Growth Habit Vigorous, climbing woody, deciduous, perennial liana
Growing Climate Long, warm to hot dry summers and mild winters.
Soil Grows best in deep, fertile, well-drained soil
Plant Size 15–20 m long
Branchlets Terete, with longitudinal ridges, glabrous or sparsely pilose with branched tendrils.
Leaf Simple, green, alternate; stipules caducous; petioles 4–9 cm and nearly glabrous; leaf blade circular to circular-ovate in outline, conspicuously 3–5-lobed or cleft, 7–18 cm by 6–16 cm, basal veins 5, lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs, base deeply cordate, margin irregularly serrate to dentate.
Flower Bisexual or functionally pistillate with shorter sterile stamens, greenish in color.
Fruit Shape & Size Berry, ellipsoid to globose, 6–25 mm diameter, with soft skin adhering to the pulp,
Fruit Color Dark blue-purple, black, red, green, yellow, crimson, orange, and pink.
Skin Smooth, thin skin
Flesh Semi-translucent flesh
Flavor/aroma Sweet, tart flavor
Taste Juicy, sweet, refreshing
Varieties/Types
  • Auxerrois
  • Barbera
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Chardonnay
  • Chenin Blanc
  • Cinsaut
  • Colombard
  • Cortese
  • Gamay
  • Ehrenfelser
  • Gewurztraminer
  • Grande Vidure
  • Grenache
  • Kerner and many more
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 0.192 mg (21.33%)
Carbohydrate 27.33 g (21.02%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 22 µg (18.33%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.13 mg (10.00%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.104 mg (8.67%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.106 mg (8.15%)
Fluoride, F 11.8 µg (7.87%)
Iron, Fe 0.54 mg (6.75%)
Potassium, K 288 mg (6.13%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 4.8 mg (5.33%)
Health Benefits
  • Bone Health
  • Longevity
  • Heart diseases
  • Help Reduce Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
  • Migraine
  • Anti-Inflammatory Action
  • Constipation
  • Help Prevent Cancer
  • Prevention of cataracts
  • Fatigue
  • Better Brain Function
  • Immune System
  • Kidney disorders
  • Macular degeneration
  • Antimicrobial Benefits
  • Blood cholesterol
  • Alzheimer’s disease
Calories in 1cup (151gm) 104 Kcal