Green Peas – Pisum sativum Facts

Green pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. It is one of the ancient cultivated vegetables grown for their succulent nutritious green seeds. It is a quick growing, annual herbaceous vine which requires trellis to support its growth. It flourishes under well-drained, sandy soil supplemented with adequate moisture and cool weather conditions. It probably originated in the sub-Himalayan plains of north-west India. Today, this versatile legume is one of the major commercial crops grown all over the temperate and semi-tropical regions.

Name Green peas
Scientific Name Pisum sativum
Native Originated in south-western Asia, possibly northwestern India, Pakistan
Common/English Name Chinese Pea, Sweet Pea, Chinese Pea Pod, Dry Pea, Edible-Podded Pea, Edible Pod Pea, Field Pea, Chinese Snow Pea, Garden Pea, Green Pea, Round-Podded Snow Pea, Shelling Pea,  Honey Pea, Pea, Round-Podded Sugar Pea, Snap Pea, Snow Pea, Sugar Pea, Sugar Snap Pea, Podded Pea, Stringless Snowpea, Peas.
Name in Other Languages Nepal : Kerau
Afrikaans : Ertjie
Korni : Anikytsh
Arabic : Basella
French : Petiti Pois
Asturian : Arbeyu
Kurdish Kurmanji : Polik
Basque : Ilar
Ethiopia : Ater
Bergamasco : Roàia
Mantuan : Ravion
Bresciano : Roaiot
Tibetan : Sran
Ferrarese : Ruviè
Breton : Pizenn
Danish : Ært
Bulgarian : Rpax
Latvian : Sejas Zirni
Valencian : Pesol
Burmese : Sadaw-Pè
Indonesia : Kacang Ercis
Catalan : Pèsol
Portuguese : Ervilha
Chuvash : Parsa
German : Erbse
Venetian : Biso
Croatian : Grašak
Moldavian : Mazere De-Semena
Czech : Hrách Peluška
Albanian : Bizele
Romanian : Mazăre
Dutch : Doperwten
Brazil : Ervilha
Eastonian : Harilik Hernes
Hungarian : Borsó
Esperanto : Pizo
Samoan : Pī
Faeroese : Ertur
Calabrese : Pisiddru
Finnish : Herne
Lithuanian : Sejamasis Zirnis
Frisian : Dopeart
Slovašcina : Grah Navadna
Armenian : Volor Tzanovi
Furlan : Cesaron
Galician : Chicharo
Dzorâtai : Pâi
Greek : Arakas
Chinese : Jia Wan Dou
Turkish : Bezelye
Guarani : Kumanda’i
Bolognese : Arvajja
Hawaiian : Batra
Belarusan : Garokh Pasyaouny
H’Mong : Taum Mog
Icelandic : Ertur
Philippines : Citzaro ( Tagalog)
Vietnamese : Dau Hoà Lan (Pod)
Italian : Piselli
Malaysia : Kacang Manis
Japanese : Endo
Khmer : Sândaèk Muul
Zeneize : Poiscio
Russian : Gorach
Catanese : Pusedda
Korean : Wandu
Aragones : Bisalto
Ladin : Arbëia
Azeri : Noxud
Laotian : Mak Thoua Nyat
Yakut : Yhllar
Georgian : Barda
Leonese : Arbeyu
Flemish : Erwt
Spanish : Aroeja
Byelorussian : Rapox
Limburgian : Ert
Sardinian : Pisu
Lombaro Occidentale : Erbion
Triestino : Biso
Reggiano : Arviot
Mapunzugun : Allfi d
Setswana : Lethodi
Mirandolese : Piśel
Swahili : Njengere
Welsh : Pys
Mong : Tarimal Bandui
Slovencina : Hrach Siaty Roľný
Mudnès : Pisèe
Azerbaijan : Ekin Koi Nokhud
Ukranian : Gorokh Posivnyi
Swedish : Ärt
Norwegian : Ert
Thai : Thua Lan Tao
Occitan : Pòis
Pakistan : Matar
Caterisano : Poseda
Polish : Ervilha
Quecha : Alwuirja
India : Katar (Bengali)
Rogmagnolo : Fisaril
Saami : Earta
Irish : Pis
Swiss : Gra Art
Hebrew : Afun Tarbuti
Plant Growth Habit Annual, climbing or bushy, glabrous usually glaucous, self-pollinated herb
Growing Climate requires a relatively cool and humid climate
Soil Prefers fertile, light-textured, well-drained sandy loam, clay loam or silt loams soil.
Plant Size 1–2 m high
Root Well-developed tap root and lateral roots
Stem Slender, terete stem 30–150 cm long with no or few basal branches.
Leaf Alternate, pinnate with 2–3 pairs of leaflets and the rachis ending in a terminal branched tendril
Leaflets Ovate or elliptic,with entire or dentate margin; stipules 1.5–8 cm long, obliquely ovate, toothed at least below, semiamplexicaul at the base.
Flower Flowers have five green fused sepals and five white, purple or pink petals of different sizes. The top petal is called the ‘standard’, the two small petals in the middle are fused together and called the ‘keel’ (because of their boat-like appearance), and the bottom two petals taper toward the base and are called the ‘wings’
Pods Shape & Size Oblong ovate pod 3.5–11 cm long and 1–2.5 cm broad, straight or slightly curved, swollen or compressed, short stalked, pendant, dehiscent, 3–11-seeded.
Pods Color Vibrant green color
Seed Shape & Size Globose or angled, exalbuminous, smooth or wrinkled, 5–8 mm in diameter
Seed color Whitish, cream-white, gray, yellow, brown, green to purple or spotted
Seed Taste Fairly sweet, starchy as well as delicious
Varieties/Types Garden Peas

  • Spring Green Peas
  • Survivor Green Peas
  • Thomas Laxton Green Peas
  • Wando Green Peas
  • Garden Sweet Green Peas
  • Mr. Big Green Peas
  • Early Perfection Green Peas
  • Maestro Green Peas
  • Lincoln Green Peas
  • Little Marvel Green Peas
  • Misty Shell Green Peas

Snow Peas

  • Snowbird Green Peas
  • Gray Sugar Green Peas
  • Sugar Daddy Green Peas
  • Oregon Sugar Pods Green Peas
  • Mammoth Melting Sugar Green Peas
  • Oregon Sugar Pod #2
  • Avalanche Green Peas

Snap Peas

  • Sugar Bon Green Peas
  • Sugar Snap Green Peas
  • Super Snappy Green Peas
  • Sugar Ann Green Peas
  • Super Sugar Snap VP Green Peas
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 58 mg (64.44%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.386 mg (32.17%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 36 µg (30.00%
Copper, Cu 0.255 mg (28.33%)
Iron, Fe 2.13 mg (26.63%)
Manganese, Mn 0.594 mg (25.83%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 94 µg (23.50%)
Phosphorus, P 157 mg (22.43%)
Total dietary Fiber 8.3 g (21.84%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.03 mg (18.94%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.245 mg (18.85%)
Isoleucine 0.283 g (16.93%)
Threonine 0.294 g (16.70%)
Zinc, Zn 1.8 mg (16.36%)
Valine 0.341 g (16.15%)
Carbohydrate 20.95 g (16.12%)
Protein 7.86 g (15.72%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.191 mg (14.69%)
Lysine 0.46 g (13.76%)
Leucine 0.468 g (12.66%)
Histidine 0.155 g (12.58%)
Tryptophan 0.054 g (12.27%)
Magnesium, Mg 48 mg (11.43%)
Health Benefits
  • Prevents anaemia and fatigue
  • Improves your bone health
  • Fights and Damages Diabetes
  • Prevents signs of ageing
  • Helps reduce depression
  • Improves your immunity
  • Heart health
  • Pregnancy and Birth Defects
  • Prevents stomach cancer
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Curing Cataracts (Eye Disorder)
  • Enhances Learning
  • Proper growth
Calories in 1cup (145gm) 117 Kcal