Guava Facts

Guava is actually a popular tropical fruit which is rich in important nutrients. Because of its unique flavor, taste, and health-promoting features, the fruit easily fits into the category of new functional foods, often labeled as “super-fruits.” Different cultivar types of guava grown all over the world which may vary widely in flavor, pulp color, and seed composition. Guava starts to produce fruit 2 to 8 years after planting. Fruit has strong, lemon-like musky odor. Rind can be bitter or sweet, while flesh has creamy texture and sweet-tart taste. Under the optimal climate conditions, guava produces fruit two times per year. Guava is perennial plant that usually lives around 40 years.

Name Guava
Scientific Name Psidium guajava
Native Southern Mexico into Central America.
Common/English Name Apple Guava, Guava, Pear Guava, Round Guava, Tropical Guava
Name in Other Languages Papiamento : Guyaba
Afrikaans : Koejawel
Czech : Kvajava Hruškovitá
Arabic : Guwâfah Baydâ
Yapese : Abas
Ghana : Aduaba
Aztec : Xoxococuahuitl
Belize : Coloc, Pata
Nepalese : Amaruud
West Africa : Guyab
Bolivia : Chuará-Catoco
Thai : Farang (Central )
Fijian : Ngguava
Brunei : Biyabas
Russian : Guaiava
Guatemala : Cac ( Poconchí )
Cacchi : Ikíec
India : Madhuram
Carolinian : Abwas
Spanish : Apas
I-Kiribati : Te Kuava
Chinese : Fan Shi Liu
Kosraean : Kuhfahfah
Chuukese : Kuafa
German : Echte Guave
Ixil : Ch’amxuy
Croatian : Guava
Pakistan : Amrood Ka Beech
Dominican Republic : Guayaba Común
Huasa : Gûway Bâ
Pohnpeian : Guahva
Dutch : Goeajaaba
Tanzania : Mpera
Eastonian : Harilik Guajaavipuu
Argentina : Arazá
Finnish : Guava
Banaban : Te Kuao
French : Gouyave
Canary Island : Piac
Greek : Guava
Quecchí : Patá
Nauruan : Kuwawa
Burmese : Malakapen
Guam : Abas
Bulgaria : Гуaвa
Guinea : Kùáv e ilin^G ( Kissi )
Hawaiian : Kuawa
Serbia : Gua
German : Echte Guave
Brazil : Araca
Haiti : Gwayav
Palauan : Guabang
French Polynesia : Tu’avu
Hebrew : Guyava
Mexico : Ñi-Joh
Costa Rica : Guayaba
Hungarian : Guáva
Rotuman : Kuava
Icelandic : Gúavaber
Chamorro : Abas
Venezuela : Guayaba
Rakahanga-Manihiki : Tuava
Indonesia : Boyawat
Puerto Rico : Guaba
Tuvaluan : Ku‘Ava
Italian : Guava
Cook Islands : Tū‘Ava
Khmer : Tokal
Laotian : Si Da
Tongan : Kuava
Lithuanian : Gvajava
Philippines : Bayauas
Nāhuatl : Chalxócotl
Columbia : Cuayabo Dulce
Suriname : Guava
Chile : Hurapo
Netherlands Antilles : Goeajaaba
Seychelles : Gouyav
West Indies : Guayaba
Nigeria : Woba
Guinea-Bissau : Guaiaba ( Crioulo )
Panama : Mulu
Tongarevan : Tūava
Peru : Bimpish
Saipan : Abas
Vietnamese : Oi
Polish : Gujawa
Cuba : Guaba
Portuguese : Gayaba
Swedish : Guava
Malaysia : Biyawas
Romanian : Guava
Ecuador : Sampi
Samoan : Ku‘Ava
Japanese : Banjirou
Niuean : Kautoga
Senegal : Guayaba
Danish : Almindelig Guava
Yoruba : Guafa
Slovak : Guava
Sri Lanka : Koiya
Mali : Biaki
Tahitian : Tūava
Norwegian : Guava
Turkish : Guava
Pukapukan : Tuava
Slovašcina : Guava
Nicaragua : Guayaba
Plant Growth Habit Evergreen, tropical shrub or low-growing small tree
Growing Climate Thrives in areas with a tropical or equatorial climate. It also grows well in the warm, sub-arid, savannah areas as it is quite drought tolerant but adequate irrigation is required for good growth and high yields.
Soil Tolerate many soil conditions, but will produce better in rich soils high in organic matter. They also prefer a well-drained soil. The tree will take temporary waterlogging but will not tolerate salty soils.
Plant Size 8–10 m high
Bark Smooth grayish brown bark
Leaf Opposite, ovate-elliptic or oblong elliptic, acute-acuminate, pubescent beneath, rough adaxially, prominent midrib impressed, lateral nerves 10–20 pairs; blades mostly 7–15 cm long and 3–5 cm wide, rounded at base, apex acute to obtuse, dull green.
Flower Fragrant, white, large, 2.5 cm across, solitary or 2 or 3 in axillary cymes. Peduncle 1–2 cm long, pubescent. calyx 4–5-lobed, 6–8 mm long, persistent on fruit; petals white, 10–15 mm long, fugacious, usually 4 or 5, obovate, slightly concave; stamens numerous (200–250), white, about as long as petals with pale yellowish anthers; style 10–12 mm long, stigma peltate.
Fruit Shape & Size Globose, ovoid, or pyriform, 3–10 cm long
Fruit Color Green turning to whitish-yellow or faintly pink when ripe
Fruit Weight Around 50–200 g.
Flesh Color Can be white, yellow, pink or red colored depending on the varieties.
Flavor/Aroma Strong, sweet musky aroma
Taste Sweet-tart taste.
Seed Numerous tiny, yellowish, reniform, semi-hard edible seeds, concentrated especially at its center. Some varieties are seedless.
Varieties/Types
  • Strawberry Guava
  • Pineapple Guava
  • Beaumont
  • China White
  • Mexican Cream
  • Red Malaysian
  • South African
  • White Indian
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 376.7 mg (418.56%)
Lycopene 8587 µg (171.74%)
Copper, Cu 0.38 mg (42.22%)
Total dietary Fiber 8.9 g (23.42%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 81 µg (20.25%)
Carbohydrate 23.63 g (18.18%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.744 mg (14.88%)
Potassium, K 688 mg (14.64%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.182 mg (14.00%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.789 mg (11.18%)
Manganese, Mn 0.248 mg (10.78%)
Health Benefits
  • Weight loss
  • High blood pressure
  • Eye & Skin Health
  • Cough & cold
  • Brain Health
  • Beats Toothache
  • Constipation
  • Thyroid Health
  • Diarrhea & dysentery
  • Scurvy
  • Immunity
  • Antimicrobial and Antibacterial
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Eyesight
  • Controls Diabetes
  • Prevent Fatty Buildup in Arteries
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Prevention of Gastroenteritis and Diarrhea
  • Treat and Prevent Diabetes
Calories in 1 cup (165 gm) 112 K cal