Avocado is also called Alligator Pears. It is an evergreen tree which is grown on Persea Americana. The skin of the avocado has a leathery appearance. This tree grows up to the height of 65 feet. They are ripened after they are harvested so they are also called climacteric fruits. Creamy Hass variety is popular among many varieties. An avocado was originated before 10000 B.C in the State of Puebla, Mexico. Due to the health benefits, taste and unique appearance it gained a quite popularity. The thick skin of avocado protects from pesticides. It is consumed in the form of salads, dessert whip or raw. It is also used as a top on sandwiches and hamburgers. Avocado can also be used as a replacement for fats such as butter or oil.
Health benefits of Avocado
The health benefits provided by an avocado includes protection from cardiovascular disease, treating osteoarthritis, reduce the risk of cancer, Vitamin K deficiency bleeding, healthy eyes, maintain blood sugar levels, boost cognitive abilities, weight management, diabetes, increase nutrition absorption, liver damage, protects skin from UV rays and signs of ageing, antioxidant properties, increase circulation and build stronger bones.
1. Cardiovascular health
Cardiovascular disease is the result of the high consumption of pro-inflammatory processed vegetable oils. The intake of monounsaturated fatty acid should be increased by reducing the intake of polyunsaturated fats. The great source of monounsaturated oleic acid is avocado. This can increase the HDL cholesterol by lowering LDL cholesterol in blood. The consumption of avocado can also reduce high blood triglyceride levels which are also a cause of cardiovascular problems. The amount of fat in the blood can be lessened by consuming high fat food like avocado. Avocado oil is healthier than vegetable oil which is especially used for high-temperature frying. Cholesterol oxidation is prevented from avocado as it is rich in Vitamin E. Heart disease and kidney problems are eliminated by regulating the high blood pressure due to potassium. Avocado is also rich in folate due to which the homocystein level in the blood is decreased which is the cause of cardiovascular disease. The absorption of cholesterol is reduced as it contains phytosterols and dietary fiber. The presence of fiber helps to prevent the constipation, cardiovascular problems, diabetes and maintain the blood sugar levels. 25 milligrams of beta-sitosterol is present in avocado which helps to manage the cholesterol levels. The study of 2013 which was published in Nutrition Journal admits that the avocado lessens the chances of metabolic syndrome which increases the chances of coronary artery disease, stroke and diabetes. Potassium soothes the tension of arteries and blood vessels which lessens the risk of heart attack, clotting and strokes.
2. Kidney Health
Avocado is rich in potassium which helps to maintain the normal heart rate. The fluid balance is maintained through the chemical channels for organs and cells. The fluid should be in balance in order to function the kidney properly which handles the fluid movement in the body.
3. Vitamin K deficiency
The deficiency of Vitamin K leads to the bleeding disorder which is called Vitamin K deficiency related bleeding (VKDB). The chances of VKBD could be lowered in the newborn child, if the pregnant woman consumes avocado in her diet. Vitamin K is present in high amount in avocado.
4. Bone Health
The cartilage defects could be prevented by the avocados due to the presence of carotenoids such as lutein and zeaxanthin. The chances of osteoarthritis can be reduced by the consumption of soy and avocado. The avocado contains phosphorus, trace, selenium, zinc, copper and calcium which reduces the chances of osteoporosis and enhance bone health.
5. Blood Pressure
The deficiency of potassium results in high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack and kidney disease. They are the great source of potassium which helps to maintain the normal blood pressure and reduces the chances of heart disease and kidney disease. The avocado has dietary fiber and oleic acid which helps to manage the blood sugar levels and reduce the chances of diabetes.
6. Cancer Prevention
The antioxidant carotenoids such as beta-carotene, lutein, alpha-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin are presented in avocados which help to prevent from cancer due to damage made by free radical. It guards against various diseases. The high presence of alpha-carotene reduces the chances of cancer. Breast cancer is prevented due to the monounsaturated fats present in avocado. Avocado is also rich in Vitamin E and Vitamin C. The non-hormonal cancers such as stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer and lung cancer are guarded by Vitamin C. The deficiency of Vitamin E may result to breast cancer. Vitamin E found in avocado in the form of tocopherol and tocotrienol is healthy. The folate assures from undesirable alteration of DNA and RNA cell division. Avocado possesses the glutathione and Vitamin E which provides antioxidant properties.
7. Skin Benefits
Monounsaturated fats help to improve the skin appearance and tone. It also makes the skin healthy and soft by maintaining the good moisture levels in the epidermal layer of the skin. The omega-9 fats help to repair the damaged skin cells and lessen the skin redness and irritation. The blackheads, acne and oily skin are controlled by balancing the sebum production with good intake of monounsaturated fat. The skin conditions such as wrinkles, signs of aging are reduced. Vitamin E protects from sun exposure and Vitamin C helps to maintain skin’s firmness and elasticity.
The symptoms of diabetes include vision problems, weight loss, leg pain and dry mouth. In avocado, the oleic acid helps to raise the good HDL cholesterol by reducing bad LDL cholesterol. To reduce the chances of cardiovascular disease, the diabetic patient must maintain the cholesterol level. The insulin function and blood glucose is improved by consuming more monounsaturated fats which helps to reduce high triglyceride levels. Vitamin C helps to intensify the capillaries, blood vessels and improve the immunity power. Stroke and heart attack which are caused by cholesterol oxidation is reduced by the Vitamin E in avocado. The nerve damage in diabetic patients is also secured. As avocado is rich in potassium, it helps to regulate blood sugar and maintain the heart healthy. The monounsaturated blood helps to lower the bad cholesterol as it is rich in beta-sitosterol. The study of 1996 which was published in the Journal Archives of Medical Research considered that the bad cholesterol level and triglycerides was reduced by 22 percent who added avocadoes in the diet within one week with 11 percent increase in good cholesterol. Blood glucose levels are reduced by the leaf extracts of avocado. The breakdown of food into usable sugars is slowed by the fiber which helps the body to absorb it more effectively.
9. Arthritis treatment
Avocado helps to lessen the arthritic pain. The inflammation is reduced by the avocado as it contains phytosterols; Vitamin C, carotenoids, monounsaturated fats and Vitamin E. Arthritis sufferers can use pineapple as an exceptional food due to the anti-inflammatory bromelain and rich antioxidant content which helps to lessen the pain of arthritic if consumed regularly. Dr. Matthew Brennecke who is a board certified naturopathic doctor considers that avocados can treat the pain related to osteoarthritis and arthritis.
10. Pregnant women
As avocado is rich in folate, it is important for pregnant women. The birth defects like spina bifida is prevented from the Vitamin B. Pregnant women and future babies are benefited from the Vitamin K that is found in avocado. Vitamin K deficiency may result to the bleeding of new born babies as their blood doesn’t have enough Vitamin K. The chances of miscarriage and neural tube defects can be reduced with an enough intake of folate. Research conducted by McGill University found that 30% or higher birth defects in baby mice delivered from mice with folate deficiency compared to mice delivered from without folate deficiency. The queasiness and nausea could be treated by avocadoes as it contains Vitamin B6 which occurs during pregnancy.
11. Lower risk of depression
The depression can be eliminated by the folate present in avocado as it avoid the buildup of homocysteine as it can reduce the delivery of nutrients to the brain as well as circulation. The dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine which help to manage sleep, mood and appetite can be hampered in production with the surplus homocysteine.
Avocado is rich in fiber which prevents constipation, boosts regular bowel movements and promotes digestion. The fiber in avocados aids in losing weight and reduces the chances of colon cancer and support healthy digestive tract. Half of the avocado fruit contains 6-7 grams of fiber.
13. Natural detoxification
The toxins are removed through the stool or bile with the regular bowel movements which is helped by fiber. Dietary fiber helps to manage the immune system and inflammation.
14. Weight loss
As avocado is rich in calories and fat, it assists in weight loss. The monounsaturated fatty acids are used as a slow burning energy rather than store it. It helps to reduce hunger as well as appetite. The diet should contain the healthy fats and less processed carbohydrates in order to lose weight. The fiber content in avocado makes you feel full for longer and faster which aids in weight loss. The nutrition is provided to the body and assist in controlling weight.
15. Useful for Athletes
Necessary nutrients are provided to the athletes in order to manage good health and needed energy levels by the avocado. The phytochemicals in avocado serves as a source of fuel for body.
16. Great for vision
The presence of carotenoids such as lutein and zeaxanthin in avocado helps to reduce damage from the ultraviolet light. The age related macular degeneration is lessened by the avocado and also assists the beneficial fat soluble antioxidants absorption such as beta-carotene. The carotenoid is absorbed by the body due to the fat present in avocado. The effect of dangerous free radicals is counteracted by the carotenoids of avocado.
17. Antioxidant properties
The presence of Vitamin E and C strengthen properties. The oxidation of LDL cholesterol level reduced as Vitamin E is recycled by Vitamin C. The avocado possesses antioxidants such as violaxanthin, epicatechin and neochrome. The effects of free radicals is counteract by the antioxidants as it is harmful byproducts of cellular metabolism which leads to cognitive disorders, vision problems, cancer, cardiovascular disease and premature aging.
18. Dental care
The bad breathe caused due to upset stomach or indigestion is eliminated by avocado with its antioxidant flavonoids which kills the bacteria of mouth. It also forbids oral cancers. The avocado improves the digestive health which prevents halitosis.
19. Skin and Hair care
Avocado moisturizes the chapped, dry and damaged skin. The avocado makes the skin glow and nourishes with vitamins so it is used in the cosmetic products as well. Avocados are used for preparing hair and skin masks. Lycopene and Beta-carotene in avocado helps to improve the skin tone and eradicate the signs of premature aging. The sun burn damage can be cured by the avocado oil. Avocado is rich in beta carotene which is split into provitamin A and defends from skin conditions and sun damages. The xanthophyll in avocado helps to reduce the signs of aging.
20. Liver care
Liver damage is prevented by avocados. Liver health is improved from the certain organic compounds present in avocado. Hepatitis C is the cause for liver damage. A recent research study found that liver can be protected and tone up by the use of avocadoes.
21. Osteoporosis prevention
Vitamin K is essential for the maintaining the bone health. Vitamin K is equally required as calcium and Vitamin D for the healthy bones. Calcium is increased by Vitamin K with the raising calcium absorption and diminishes urinary excretion of calcium.
22. Absorbs other nutrients
Avocado helps to absorb the Vitamin D, A, E and K. The body would not be able to absorb fat soluble nutrients without fat. Marci Clow, an MS, RDN at Rainbow Light told Medical Daily that due to the presence of fat in avocados, it enhances the fat-soluble nutrients absorption such as Vitamin D, K, A and E. The mixed salad should be added sliced avocado to have a healthy meal. It performs as a great appetizer as it enhances the digestive function.
23. Better overall health
The avocado contains Vitamin K, potassium, Vitamin E and magnesium, dietary fiber, healthy fats and low sugar. The consumption of avocado reduces the chances of metabolic syndrome with nutrient intake and diet quality. The regular consumption of avocado results in slimmer waistline.
More about Avocado
History of Avocados
The avocado is indigenous to the region stretching out from the eastern and also central highlands of Mexico through Guatemala towards the Pacific coast of Central America. There is certainly proof that avocados have already been found in Mexico for 10,000 years. The Spanish Conquistadors were the very first Europeans to find the fruit, indigenous to the Americas that the indigenous people of Mexico, Central America and also South America have been utilizing for hundreds of years. Martin Fernandez De Encisco authored the very first published account of the fruit in 1519, introducing its existence to Europe. Naturalist Sir Hans Sloan was the first one to utilize the title “avocado,” within a catalog of Jamaican plants he published in 1696. Throughout the 1700s, European sailors utilized the avocado like a spread for biscuits, which resulted in the name “midshipman’s butter.” Avocado trees were brought to California by 1856, when tree brought from Nicaragua was observed growing close to San Gabriel. In 1911, Carl Schmidt, a plant explorer, gathered budwood of the seedling which eventually became the Fuerte. This particular variety was the foundation of the California avocado industry for a long time. Avocados were introduced in Florida by 1850, and, within the 1930s, autumn and winter types were modified. While commercial types of avocados arrived at Chile from California in 1928, avocados have been developing in that nation since colonial times. The avocado arrived at Indonesia within 1750, Brazil in 1809, Israel in 1908, and South Africa and Australia within the late 19th century. In the late 1920s, Mr. Rudolph Hass found out what might become the Hass variety. These days it is probably the most extensively cultivated commercial and also well-known avocado variety.
Types of Avocado
There are numerous avocado types in the marketplace nowadays. Even though basically the same fruit, there are actually delicate variations between the types regarding flavor, color and also dimension. Chefs would take advantage of learning these types of variations in order to more confidently manage the fruit.
1. Hass Avocado
The Hass variety is one of the year-round avocado obtainable in stores. It is special because of its skin which turns from green to purplish-black whenever ripe, the Hass is currently the main variety of California Avocado and it has a fantastic life expectancy. The Hass have been extremely marketed and is also grown through the entire globe. It is extremely well-known for its crazy taste and also good handling features.
2. Bacon Avocado
Bacon Avocados usually are cultivars from the “B Group” and were created in 1954 by the farmer called James Bacon. Medical Binomial Name: Persea americana “Bacon”. It really is utilized in hamburgers, Salads, sandwiches, dressings, and guacamole. The Bacon avocado is green having a smooth skin. Signs and symptoms of ripeness vary by variety, yet almost all options deliver to gentle pressure whenever ripe. (Softer for guacamole, more firm for slicing). To ripen an avocado, put it within a covered plastic bag using a ripe banana in room temperature. Yet another way is usually to hide the avocado totally within a jar of flour. Usually do not chill avocados till they’re ripe.
3. Fuerte Avocado
The Fuerte variety is definitely a well-known avocado favorite. It is really a California winter variety which has a fantastic taste. The title Fuerte, which implies powerful in Spanish, was presented after this variety was one of the main versions to live freezing temperatures. Harvested late fall through spring, the Fuerte is definitely the unique top quality California Avocado. The Fuerte is really a even skin variety and is also on the verge of being categorized within the “avocado other” group. There is no very few trees planted that it’s no more promoted to the customer via retail stores.
4. Pinkerton Avocado
The Pinkerton avocado receives its title from the Pinkerton Ranch in Saticoy, California, exactly where it very first seemed during the early 1970s.Its Medical Binomial Name: Persea americana “Pinkerton”It really is mainly utilized in Salads, guacamole, dressings. The Pinkerton avocado is green having a medium-thick and also pebbly skin. Indications of ripeness vary by variety, yet almost all types produce to gentle pressure whenever ripe. (Softer for guacamole, much more firm for slicing).
5. Shepard Avocado
Shepard avocados have got smooth green skin and also golden buttery flesh that doesn’t change brown whenever cut. The typical weight of the Shepard avocado is 200 – 320 g. Produced just within the hotter Bundaberg and also Atherton regions, this variety can be obtained at the start of the autumn, along with peak expansion from February to April.
6. Reed Avocado
The Reed avocado is really a summer time variety which expands into late fall. It is really a big, spherical fruit which is recognized for its softball design. Throughout their prime, this particular variety tastes outstanding. It is hardly ever accessible and just seen in a few Southern California stores. The Reed is great for slicing and also eating. One of the more preferred utilizes are like a complete meal alternative. The size of this particular fruit and also the round shape allow it to be favorable for the make shift bowl. Eliminate the pit and also fill the middle together with your preferred ingredients and luxuriate in.
7. Sharwil Avocado
Sharwil avocados are usually smaller sized and much more pear-shaped as compared to various other types. This particular type weighs about in between 200 – 370 g and it has a small seed. Because of its especially rich, nutty flavor, the Sharwil is usually promoted like a gourmet avocado. This particular variety comes into season from late April to August, across the east coast of Australia.
8. Wurtz Avocado
Wurtz avocado is really a smaller sized fruit which has a harder skin texture as compared to various other varieties. The typical fruit weighs about between 230 – 280 g and grows mainly across the Queensland coast from June to October. In central Queensland the season begins earlier, by the end of April.
9. Yamagata Avocado
Yamagata variety is extremely earlier. It ripens within Florida in March-April while hardly any other varieties generate fruit. Can easily ripen more than a long season, from March through July. Fruit is big, having a tiny seed and also green skin. Flesh green, smooth, taste nutty. It’s really a very fine, gourmet Hawaiian avocado titled for agriculture specialist Heiji Yamagata, who developed it. In accordance with University of Hawaii consumer poll, Yamagata was chosen as one of the best Hawaiian cultivars. Moderate to lower cold hardiness. Extremely energetic and also vertical growing tree.
10. Poncho Avocado
11. Simmonds Avocado
Simmonds avocado is South Florida most widely used early season avocado. Fruit is huge, oblong-oval to pyriform. Skin is even, light green. Flesh of excellent taste, oil content 3-6%. Seed medium size, generally tight. Excellent production, outstanding trade acceptance, and outstanding consuming quality allow it to be a great option for the home garden or grove.
12. Russel Avocado
Russel is definitely identified by its gourd like design. The fruit and then the tree are extremely well-liked by the Latin communities of South Florida. Light production discourages industrial growers; however it remains an outstanding option for the lover. Big fruit, 24-36 Oz. Long fruit as much as 13 inches. Skin is green, even, glossy, thin, and leathery. Flesh yellow, superior quality. Seed little, cavity lower in the broad end of the fruit, normally a solid neck of flesh 5-6 inches long.
13. Pollock Avocado
Oblong to pear-shaped fruit. Really large, as much as 5 lbs. Green skin, even, shiny. Flesh firm, smooth and also fin in texture. Deep yellow changing to yellowish-green near to the skin. Consists of 3-5% oil. Seed large, often loose in cavity. Early season, July to August. Shy-bearing. Fruit too big yet of good quality. Originated from Miami on the property of H.S. Pollock.
14. Nishikawa Avocado
Nishikawa variety of Avocado is originated from Hawaii. It is a mixture of Guatemalan and also Mexican avocado type. Typical cold hardiness. Ripen in December-January (in Florida), type B. Oval fruit is nearly look like Hass variety of avocado, yet bigger. Has quite high oil content. Energetic as well as vertical growing tree.
15. Mexicola Avocado
Really small fruit 3-5 Oz. Skin black, slim, smooth. Superb taste. Seed huge. Very heat- and cold-resistant. It’s the coldest hardy variety, may possibly endure temperature ranges within the low 20s. Much utilized as a parent in California breeding programs. Started at Pasadena, California.
16. Lula Avocado
Fruit pear-shaped, occasionally with a neck, medium-large. Skin nearly even. Flesh pale to greenish-yellow. Oil content 12-16%. Seed big, limited. Season medium-late (November-December). Tree is taller, bears early as well as intensely. Cold-resistant, effective in Central and South Florida exactly where it’s a previously the leading industrial cultivar. More frost tolerant as compared to most. It really is well-known because of its capability to withstand severe winters, as well as for its extremely long harvesting time period. This will make Lula an excellent option for home owners around Orlando. Comes from seed from parent tree planted 1915 by Mrs. Lula Cellon at Miami, Florida
17. Lila Avocado
Generates moderate size, green fruit. Season: September-October. Do not befuddle this particular variety along with Lula, that is well-liked in Florida and utilized for rootstock (that one is cold hardy to simply 25F).Usually takes temperatures down to 15F for short time period without substantial injury.
18. Joey Avocado
Chosen by Joey Ricers in Uvalde, Texas. Generates moderate size, egg formed purple-black fruit. It’s got superb taste. Heavy bearer. Season: September-October. May take temperatures right down to 15F for short time period without substantial harm.
19. Hall Avocado
Huge, delicious pear shaped fruit. Skin vibrant green, appealing, smooth, relatively thicker. Flesh deep yellow, oil content 12-16%, seed medium-large, limited. Good for the limited fancy-fruit market. An alternative yet large bearer. Tree exhibits outstanding ability to tolerate the cold. Originated from Miami, Florida, by Willis Hall.
20. Golden Avocado
Local Florida variety originated from Wauchula, that is cold location, comparing to South Florida. This particular variety lasted winter of 2009 in Wauchula, whenever temperatures decreased to low 20sF, with no substantial injuries. Very uncommon moderate size fruit – spherical yellow and also smooth skin; creamy-yellow flesh.
21. Fantastic Avocado
Very cold sturdy variety, apparently the most most cold sturdy of all avocados. Creates green, paper thin skin. The fruit includes a creamy consistency.May take temperatures right down to 15F for brief time period without substantial injury.
22. Day Avocado
Day avocado is usually green, even skin and is also in the shape of a club. The fruit is of high quality and it has a pleasant buttery consistency. The slim tree is extremely cold resistant and also generates July through September.
23. Choquette Avocado
Choquette is really a late season preferred Florida avocado generating large fruits. 30-40 Oz fruit. Skin shiny, even, dark green, somewhat leather like. Flesh thicker, yellow-colored, high quality. Oil content 13%. Seed moderate , restricted. Resistant against typical avocado illnesses. Suitable for home plantings in Florida. This particular avocado is where quality intersects amount, and it’s also rapidly learning to be a preferred to Florida’s winter citizens.
24. Brogdon Avocado
Brogdon has got red-purple colored pear-shaped fruit. Weight 7 to 15 Oz. Skin is extremely slim. Yellow buttery flesh. It is really an outstanding option for guacamole lovers. Fruit ripens at the end of summer-fall. Cold sturdy. Great for Central Florida. Originated from Winter have, Florida, by Tom Brogdon.
25. Brazos Belle Avocado
26. Wurtz (Little Cado) Avocado
Dwarf crossbreed. Fruit 8-12 oz. Skin medium-thick. Quality great, oil content 18%. It is extremely compact and also slow developing, achieving just about 8-12 feet at maturation. Exclusive weeping growth habit. Suited to planters, containers, patios, greenhouse use. Ideal for dooryard or even container growing. The tree are designed for temperature ranges to 25(F) degrees. The seed is small, and fruit skin is even. Fruits ripen green from May to September. The taste is excellent. Production is nice and it’s also a regular bearer. Bears reasonably yet frequently. Originated from Encinitas (California) by Roy Wurtz.
27. Winter Mexican Avocado
Fruit 12-18 Oz., skin thicker, leather like, dark green. Seed moderate, tight in cavity. Winter Mexican variety is just one of most cool robust types. Mature trees might tolerate temperature ranges within the mid-20s. Oblong fruit, 12 to 18 Oz, thick green skin, medium seed. Very energetic tree, contains heavily and frequently. Originated from Palm Beach, Florida
Nutritional Values in Avocados
Aside from merely oils and fats, there are numerous nutrition contained in avocados. A number of them are pointed out here:
Per 150 grams of avocados incorporate –
|Amounts Per Selected Serving||% Daily Value|
|Calories (from fats)||184 %|
|Dietary Fiber||8 %|
|Omega Fatty Acids||165 milligrams|
|Total Fats||22 %|
|Vitamin A||219 %|
|Vitamin C||4 %|
|Vitamin D||25 %|
|Vitamin E||4 %|
|Vitamin K||16 %|
The Medicinal Uses of Avocado
The seeds, shoots, root bark and leaves of avocado are used for medicinal uses. The fruit extracts is used for skin cure and cosmetic products to soften the dry skin.
The Leaves of Avocado
The avocado leaves have antibiotic properties which helps to treat vermifuge, antihelminthics and dysentery. The pyorrhea can be treated if chewed. The wounds can be cured if leaves poultices are applied. The avocado leaves if decoction helps to cure sore throat, manage menstruation, stomachis, diarrhea and hemorrhage.
The Seeds of Avocado
The avocado seeds have fungicidal, insecticidal and anti-microbial properties. The extracts of avocado seeds are used as ink and have colorant qualities. It also cures tooth ache and oral bacterial illnesses. Dandruff can be blocked by the use of powder seed. Skin outbreaks can be treated with the avocado oil extracts.
Ways to Eat an Avocado
The various ways or preparing avocado are:
- Tofu, tomato and mayonnaise dressing with chopped avocado.
- The honey, sugar or milk can be combined with avocado juice which is great for every age group.
- Salad of avocado and tuna fish with lemon.
- Avocado and salmon salad with mayonnaise.
- Avocado with tomato and chicken.
- Chicken, avocado in addition to fried garlic.
Selection and storage
Avocado can be found all the year. Ripe avocado with moderate size and satisfying fragrance should be purchased. Hard fruits take a time to ripen. Purchasing the exceeding ripe ones should also be prevented. Cuts, blotches and spots should be carefully checked. The avocado should be placed in the cool and darkish place at home. The unripe fruits could be accelerated for ripening by positioning with banana or apple in a paper wrap.
Unripe raw avocados are rich in tannins which cause it to be unappetizing and bitter. The high content of tannin evades vitamin, calcium, iron and phosphorus. Some people may be allergic to avocados. Its symptoms may be runny nose, itchy throat, hives and shortness of breath. Those who are taking blood thinners like Coumadin, should not consume the foods rich in Vitamin K as it has a huge role in clotting the blood.