The maitake mushroom is really a huge mushroom indigenous to North America, Europe, as well as Japan. The Japanese title “maitake” literally implies “dancing mushroom.” Additionally it is referred to by the English name “hen of the woods” due to its considerable size and different shape. Maitake mushrooms have been utilized as both food as well as medication in Asian ethnicities for a lot of hundreds of years, and therefore are referred to as having a rich, natural taste. In North America, fresh as well as dried maitake mushrooms can be found at several supermarkets and also markets, and the extract maitake D-fraction is sold as a health supplement.
Maitake mushrooms, clinically referred to as Grifola frondosa, are indigenous to the mountains of northeastern Japan. Roughly converted, maitake is Japanese for “dancing mushroom.” People are believed to dance for joy once they find one due to their value as well as health benefits. They may be cooked as well as consumed with lots of foods and may now be discovered as dietary supplements as well as powders. Recent scientific studies are displaying their numerous immune system as well as anticancer advantages.
Health Benefits of Maitake Mushrooms
Maitake mushrooms have been utilized as medication in Japan for hundreds of years – they’re traditionally considered to encourage durability. Research on the mushroom’s health advantages started in Japan within the 1980s and is now being pursued in the United States. Maitakes include a polysaccharide (many sugar molecules joined together to create one huge molecule) known as beta glucan.Listed here are a few health advantages of Maitake mushroom
1. Boosts Immune System
Maitake mushrooms include a polysaccharide fiber known as beta glucan. The beta glucans in maitake mushrooms works to activate and increase creation of particular defense mechanisms cells like macrophages, T-cells, natural killer cells, and neutrophils. These types of cells might help the immune system to more rapidly as well as efficiently combat illness. This could enhance your resistant against sickness as well as disease, strengthen your body remove cellular wastes, and accelerate recovery from tissue damage.
2. Cancer Prevention
Maitake mushrooms are extremely popular because of their anti cancer qualities. They’re abundant with polysaccharides as well as polysaccharide-protein complexes which the body utilizes to build-up the immune system. The mushroom’s beta-glucan content works to encourage essential defense mechanisms functions, efficiently activating white blood cells which combat microorganisms that can cause disease, which includes cancer. Maitake mushrooms boost the activity of cells, inducing the manufacture of interleukins along with other lymphokines which have chemo protective effects, slower tumor development, and help to prevent multiplication of cancer.
3. Blood Sugar Control
The intake of maitake mushrooms might manage blood glucose levels as well as blood lipid levels. The polysaccharide compounds which encourage the effectiveness of the immune system may also be efficient at assisting to manage blood pressure level, glucose, insulin and lipids. This particular effect is very therapeutic for individuals with diabetes or hypoglycemia. Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes might also take advantage of maitake mushrooms. Researchers have researched a particular, high-molecular polysaccharide in maitake known as the X-fraction. Research results declare that maitake mushrooms can help to eliminate insulin resistance while increasing insulin sensitivity.
4. Promotes Heart Health and Weight Loss
Intake of maitake mushrooms may help reduce blood pressure levels, lower total levels of cholesterol, and help maintain weight which could all help to encourage heart health. The mushrooms are found to be lower in calories and high in fiber which could boost satiety as well as feelings of fullness. Feeling full faster may help to reduce overall food consumption leading to weight reduction as well as maintenance. A survey by Yokota gave 30 overweight adults every day doses of maitake mushrooms without changing any other aspects of their diets. At the conclusion of the 2-month research, participants lost around 7 to 13 lbs.
5. Lower Blood Pressure
Research on animals shows that maitake might help reduce blood pressure in people. One study gave hypertensive rats a 5% maitake mushroom powder and observed a decrease in blood pressure level. Similar results were seen from another study on rats, by which maitake lowered blood pressure from 200 to 115 mm Hg in just 4 hours. In the unpublished trial on humans, eleven patients with hypertension took 500 mg of maitake mushroom pills twice daily. A mean reduction in diastolic blood pressure of around 8 mm Hg along with a mean reduction in systolic blood pressure level of around 14 mm Hg were reported.
6. Lower Cholesterol
In one study on hyperlipidemic rats, maitake altered lipid metabolism by means of curbing the aggregation of liver lipids and also the increasing of serum lipids. Similar outcome was observed in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. In another research, rats offered powdered mushroom preparations saw a drop in both total cholesterol and incredibly low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.
7. Weight Loss
Maitake mushrooms can encourage weight reduction and reduce obesity whenever coupled with light exercise. Research on overweight rats fed maitake powder discovered that after 18 weeks, they’d lost weight in comparison with controls. They include no cholesterol, no fats and therefore are really low carbohydrates. Additionally, the high lean protein content of mushrooms assists burn cholesterol in digestion.
History Of Maitake Mushroom
This particular mushroom differs extensively in color. Frequently it’s brown, tan, grey or even white. The more direct sunlight maitake gets, the darker it is in color. It’s got huge leaf just like fronds which overlap one another. They grow in groups and grow bigger as time passes.
The fronds are certainly to four inches wide as well as darker in the external edges of it’s juicy, firm caps. The fruiting body gets up to a few feet wide. The underneath part of the mushroom has got pure white spores. The stem is extremely thick to hold it’s weight as well as white in color.
The Maitake mushroom has been consumed for more than three thousand years in Japan and China. It absolutely was greatly regarded for it’s healing qualities. At one time the mushroom was so valuable, it may be sold for it’s weight in silver. One of the typical names of maitake is “dancing mushroom”.It has been said that if an individual found one they’d dance for joy since it was really beneficial. This mushroom grows in the wild in the mountains of Northern Japan and is also very difficult to grow.
Nutritional Value of Maitake Mushroom
Mushrooms, Maitake, Raw
|Nutritional Value per 100g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||130kJ (31 kCal)|
|Total Fat||0.19 g|
|Calcium, Ca||1 mg (0.1%)|
|Copper, Cu||0.252 mg (13%)|
|Iron, Fe||0.30 mg (2%)|
|Magnesium, Mg||10 mg (3%)|
|Manganese, Mn||0.059 mg( 3%)|
|Phosporus, P||74 mg (7%)|
|Potassium, K||204 mg (4%)|
|Selenium, Se||2.2 mcg (3%)|
|Sodium, Na||1 mg (0.04%)|
|Zinc, Zn||0.75 mg (5%)|
|Folate ( Vit.B9)||21 mcg (5%)|
|Niacin (Vit. B3)||6.585 mg (33%)|
|Pantothenic acid B5||0.270 mg (3%)|
|Riboflavin (Vit. B2)||0.242 mg (14%)|
|Thiamine (Vit. B1)||0.146 mg (10%)|
|Vitamin B6||0.056 mg (3%)|
|Vitamin D||1123 IU (280%)|
|Percentages are relative to US Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) for Adults.|
How to Choose Fresh Maitake Mushrooms at the Store
As with all mushrooms, search for maitakes which are firm (not soggy or wilted) and free of spots. Do not buy mushrooms which smell yeasty. Maitakes must have a tight bunch of ruffles, instead of looking loose or even sparse. They might vary from brown to gray.
Purchase whole mushrooms instead of pre-cut to increase their life expectancy. At your home, store maitakes in the paper bag (not plastic) within the refrigerator.
How to Get More Maitake Mushrooms in Your Diet
- Use maitakes wherever you would use some other mushroom, like in omelets, pastas, salads, stir-fries, and pizzas.Toss with olive oil as well as cook these large mushrooms around the grill.
- Use maitakes to create a brothy soup, like this Roasted Maitake Mushroom in Smoky Tea Broth.
- Use them just as one simple vegetarian burger replacement, as with these Maitake Mushroom Burgers.
- Make them in a star side dish, just like Maitake Mushrooms Roasted with Butter and Honey.
With regards to the dosage of maitake mushroom, it is extremely hard to calculate the appropriate amount. The dose depends upon a number of factors such as health, age of the user along with other essential health aspects. Just stick to the dosage printed within the label. Remember that even though, this can be a natural product, it ought to still be eaten in the restricted amount. Overdose can result in numerous unwanted effects. From the aspect of disease preparation, 12-25 mg of maitake mushroom extract may be used. For HIV-patients, just 20 mgs of pure extract in conjunction with 4 grams of whole powder is beneficial to get helpful results. Six grams of whole powder each day may also be taken with no fear of getting unfavorable results.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration doesn’t strictly manage herbs and supplements. There isn’t any guarantee of strength, purity or safety of products, as well as effects can vary. It is best to read product labels. In case you have a clinical situation, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you need to consult with a certified health care professional before starting a brand new therapy. Seek advice from a health care professional instantly in case you experience negative effects.
Avoid in individuals who are hypersensitive or even sensitive to maitake mushroom (Grifola spp.), its parts, or members of the Meripilaceae family. There has been reports of lung inflammation in mushroom farm workers as well as in individuals who were exposed to maitake mushroom spores.
Side Effects and Warnings
- Maitake is probably safe whenever utilized as a food at levels generally present in food, in accordance with traditional use in nonallergic people.
- Maitake is likely to be safe whenever utilized as medicine in otherwise healthy people. However, info on safety and dosing is restricted.
- Maitake could cause low blood pressure. Caution is recommended in individuals with lower blood pressure or even in those taking drugs or herbs and supplements which lower blood pressure level.
- Maitake may lower blood glucose levels. Caution is suggested in individuals with diabetes or even low blood sugar, as well as in those taking drugs, herbs, or supplements which affect blood sugar levels. Blood glucose levels might need to be checked by way of a certified healthcare professional, together with a pharmacist, and medicine modifications might be required.
- Maitake might increase the chance of bleeding. Caution is recommended in individuals with bleeding problems or those taking drugs that could boost the chance of bleeding. Dosing adjustments might be required.
- Use cautiously in those who have immune disorders or even are utilizing agents that could affect the immune system. Maitake may affect the immune system.
- Use cautiously in individuals who have skin conditions. Maitake might cause itching as well as rash.
- Use cautiously in individuals who have stomach problems. Maitake could cause abdominal pain and nausea.
- Use cautiously in people who have musculoskeletal disorders. Maitake could potentially cause joint swelling.
- Avoid in those who are allergic or responsive to maitake mushroom (Grifola spp.), its parts, or members of the Meripilaceae family. There has been reports of lung inflammation in mushroom farm workers as well as in individuals who were exposed to maitake mushroom spores.
- Avoid utilizing in pregnant or even breastfeeding women at levels greater than those commonly present in food, because of limited data.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
There is certainly deficiencies in scientific evidence on the medicinal usage of maitake while pregnant or breastfeeding. Maitake is probably safe whenever utilized as a food at levels commonly present in food.