The Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is definitely the only varieties of the genus Tamarindus in the family Fabaceae. It’s really an exotic tree, indigenous to eastern Africa, which includes parts of the Madagascar dry deciduous forests. It grows outrageous through the Sudan yet has recently been launched into the majority of exotic Asia in addition to Latin America and the Caribbean. The tree can easily develop to 20 m tall, as well as remains evergreen in regions with no dry season. Tamarind timber is made up of tough, deep red heartwood as well as softer, yellowish sapwood. The leaves contain 10-40 leaflets. The flowers are produced in racemes. The fruit is usually a brown pod-like legume, which contains a gentle pulp and lots of hard-coated seeds.
The seeds could be scarified to boost germination. In Malaysia it is known as asam in Malay and swee boey in Hokkien. In Indonesia it is identified as asem (or asam) Jawa (means Javanese asam) in Indonesian. In Hindi it is termed imli. In Sinhala the title is siyambala, in Telugu it is called Chintachettu (tree) and Chintapandu (fruit extract) and in Tamil and Malayalam it is puli. In Kannada it is known as hunase. In Malagasy it is referred to as voamadilo. The tamarind would be the provincial tree of the Phetchabun province of Thailand (in Thailand it is called Ma-kham).
Tamarind is the seed pods from the tamarind tree. It really is traditionally used to supply a fairly sweet as well as sour taste to savory meat and vegetable dishes as well as in drinks and also deserts in South Asia. India is the leading manufacturer, developing tamarind in orchard-like plantations for domestic use and also export. Tamarind is definitely the brownish, sour flesh from the pods of the tree within the pea and bean family. The flesh encompasses the brown sparkly seeds inside the sausage-shaped pod.
Pods are collected at various phases of maturation in accordance with their designed use. Tamarind fruit pods as well as seeds have a very normally sour taste. They are utilized in South Asia to feature a bitter taste to dishes just like sauces, curries, rice and also to drinks as well as deserts. It really is bought in its whole, fresh form, or like a paste or even concentrate, or compacted in a syrupy block. It is just a excellent source of zinc and was typically converted into a kind of porridge and also provided to expecting mothers within South Asia.
Health benefits of Tamarind
There are numerous advantages that you could enjoy whenever you eat this particular fruit. Check out the list of advantages granted beneath.
1. Encourages Digestive Health
Tamarind fruit, whenever consumed in its pulp form, helps with treating lots of difficulties related to digestion of food.
- It is especially good for people struggling with bowel problems.
- Even those struggling with dysentery can usually benefit from eating this fruit.
- When this pulp is combined with just a little water and also coupled with black pepper, cloves as well as cardamom, to produce a drink, it really works like a excellent appetite stimulant for individuals who are afflicted by appetite loss.
- The use of the tamarind is an ideal natural treatment for those struggling with bile disorders.
- This fruit will help with expelling worms from the digestive system, a difficulty found in young children.
2. Plentiful Source of Vitamin C
The tamarind fruit is definitely an abundant source of vitamin C, and is also helpful for those struggling with a vitamin C insufficiency.
- It is a result of these kinds of qualities that scurvy (caused by insufficient vitamin C) in your body, could be kept away.
- It strengthens the defense mechanisms as well as functions as a excellent remedy for fevers. Fever could be combated by consuming a drink, where tamarind has been boiled with a few milk, dates, sugar, cardamoms, cloves along with a little bit of camphor.
- Tamarind fruit is another solution for common cold. To stop common cold, dilute the pulp of the fruit in water and add to it half a teaspoon of pepper and salt to taste. Drink it steaming hot. Just clear the nasal passage, it may also help in eliminating all the other harmful toxins through the entire body.
3. Rich Source of Antioxidants
Tamarind is abundant with anti-oxidants and it has become a highly effective all-natural defense towards cancer. Though these types of advantages are not yet been verified, we’re conscious that anti-oxidants within the body assist to combat free-radicals that may result in the growth and development of cancer within the body. It may therefore be determined that the consumption of the tamarind fruit can offer an energetic protection against various kinds of cancer.
4. Balances Cholesterol as well as Blood Sugar
Research carried out on animals has demonstrated that tamarind is effective to strengthen reducing levels of cholesterol within the body, therefore safeguarding it from the host of heart diseases. It has already been discovered beneficial in stabilizing blood glucose levels. However, there isn’t any scientific evidence of this effect on people.
5. Cures a Sore Throat
It is commonly utilized to deal with sore throats. Just gargle a glass of tamarind water as well as get rid of that sore throat completely. Along with dealing with sore throat, tamarind may also heal jaundice, catarrh as well as bilious problem.
Fluorosis takes place when water along with excessive fluoride is used. The instant effects are noticed within the teeth. It leads to teeth for being yellow-colored and decay because of enamel erosion. Long-term use of fluoride results in calcification effects within the bones. The joints as well as actions turn out to be limited or painful. The spinal column too turns into stiff and painful. The muscles as well as ligaments could also calcify, cause pain as well as lose their free actions.
Consuming tamarind water damages the fluoride ions as well as therefore helps prevent fluorosis. Including salt to tamarind water immensely boosts the capacity of the water to eliminate the fluoride through the water.
7. Healthy Skin
Anti-oxidants are compounds which combat free-radicals — unpredictable oxygen molecules which break up the skin cells, leading to facial lines. Simply because tamarind is really a wealthy source of anti-oxidants, which includes vitamin C as well as beta-carotene, topical creams that contains tamarind are compatible with wrinkle management, in accordance with a report published within the “Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resource” in 2011. Anti-oxidants also encourage strong immune function, allowing your skin to fend off and heal more proficiently from skin-related
8. Improved Blood Sugar and Appetite Control
American pharmaceutical drug organizations utilize 100 tons of tamarind pulp annually for usage in blood sugar-managing medicines, in accordance with “Phytopharmacology as well as Therapeutic Values.” One tablespoon of tamarind paste offers 12 % of adults’ daily suggested consumption of fiber — an indigestible carbohydrate which encourages blood sugar levels as well as appetite control. To enjoy these types of advantages, include tamarind paste or even puree tamarinds in your preferred recipes, just like curries, stir-fries as well as meat marinades.
9. Improved Eye Health
As an A vitamin, the supply of beta-carotene in tamarind helps to ensure eye health and regular vision. Vitamins might also decrease your chance for age-related macular deterioration, a major reason for blindness in the United States. They might also sluggish the advancement of macular degeneration once it hits, especially when you mix all of them with various other anti-oxidants, just like vitamin C.
10. Controlled Heart Rate and Blood Pressure
Tamarind consists of minerals just like iron, potassium, calcium, copper, selenium, zinc and magnesium. Potassium is perfect for conditioning heart whilst iron helps with the development of blood. Its pulp reduces cholesterol as well as encourages healthy heart.
11. Works as Pain Killer
When the mixture of pulp, leaves, flowers are utilized over swollen or painful joints, it offers immediate comfort. Tamarind leaves smash in water can be used to deal with swollen part.
12. Thirst Quencher
The syrup of tamarind as well as sugar is an efficient thirst quencher. It may also help to cure burning up feeling.
13. Reduces fever
Tamarind has shown to have incredible therapeutic powers. Its leaves have calming effects in your body, even though the bark is commonly utilized to assist in decreasing flus as well as repeated fever. Alternatively, the pulp has got digestive effects, stopping common digestive complaints like constipation, irregular bowel movements as well as constipation.
14. Anti-inflammatory effects
Tamarind leaves has got anti-inflammatory qualities and therefore is beneficial for treating minor burns. The leaves are covered and saved in a pot, after that warmed up utilizing warm fire. After that, they’re sieved as well as combined with gingili oil, that is then applied to the wound. This mix offers comfort and can also benefit the skin.
Tamarind can also be a moderate laxative and may even assist in preventing abnormal bowel movements. The pulp has laxative effects that may decrease bowel disorders. Moreover, it may avoid common digestive disorders just like acid reflux disease as well as constipation.
16. Reduces high cholesterol
Tamarind has shown to assist reduce cholesterol levels accountable for common heart problem, just like heart attack and stroke. As a result, including tamarind in your everyday nutrition may help enhance heart health, stopping likelihood of heart disease.
17. Ulcers and Jaundice
To deal with ulcers as well as jaundice it really is recommended that the decoction made by boiling tamarind in water and also ingested twice a day may offer efficient results.
The mild use of tamarind within the diet at frequent periods might help in stopping the cancer cell development in the body and therefore prevent having the prostate or even colon cancer.
To deal with this condition it really is recommended that the decoction made by cooking the tamarind seeds needs to be utilized to clean eyes two times a day for advantageous outcomes.
20. Good for Ears
Warm concentrate of tamarind is usually suggested by grandmas to relieve the pain experienced with the ears. The anti-biotic property of the concentrate offers rid from ear infections.
21. For a Healthy Skin
The concentrate will help you eliminate the body smell. Using the concentrate towards the sweaty areas shuts the pores, therefore stopping the body odor.
More about Tamarind
History of tamarind
The tamarind is considered to be a indigenous of exotic Africa and maybe southern Asia, exactly where it has always been well-liked.
Seeds are documented from the earlier historical site of Ter in Maharashtra. Wood charcoal identifications of tamarind originate from Narhan (c. 1300 BC) within the Ganges valley, a part where it is more probably to be planted instead of occur naturally.
The farming of tamarind in Egypt by 400 BC has been recorded also it was talked about within the Indian Brahmasamhita Scriptures in between 1200 – 200 BC.
Tamarind-pulp was initially utilized in medication from the Arabian doctors and was introduced from the East-Indies, the location where the plant is termed within the Hindee language ‘Tamari hindi’ or even Indian date.
The tamarind doesn’t have been recognized to the ancient Greeks; a minimum of no mention is made from it within their writings. It could happen to be the Arabs who very first brought tamarind throughout the Persian Gulf form India, impacting on the cooking of the southeast of Iran, the Gulf region, and Egypt. Some of the finest quality recipes utilizing tamarind are normally found within the coastal areas of the Gulf.
It was early launched into tropical America and also from there was most likely delivered to Hawaii. The very first reference to tamarind within the Americas comes from Acapulco (Mexico) in 1615, recommending that it could have arrived from Asia across the pacific along with Spanish.
From Mexico, tamarind was most likely launched throughout exotic America as well as the Caribbean Islands.
One of the fruit tamarind tress in Hawaii was grown in 1797 by Don Marin at Little Greenwich in Pauoa Valley,
Tamarind was significant item of diet of sailors in olden times since it’s acid as well as sugar content helped them to balance out their starchy diet.
Varieties of Tamarind
There are many types of tamarind. Several produce fruits which are really sweet, with no slightest trace of sour. These types of fairly sweet types command a higher price in the market and therefore are sold in their ripened pods to be consumed fresh as fruits. The land of Petchaboon in northeastern Thailand is recognized for its sweet tamarind (makahm wahn). Every year, when the fruit comes into season throughout the dry months, a Sweet Tamarind Fair is held with many different celebrations and a lot of scrumptious tamarind to sample and take home. During this period of year, bags of the plump brown pods are peddled around by street hawkers in addition to piled amongst colorful fruits at fruit stands across the nation. The prized good-eating types even find the way into prepackaged gift baskets bought from modern Bangkok supermarkets, together with imported fruits, refined goods as well as chocolates. More prevalent types create tart fruits that fluctuate from sweet-and-sour to mouth-puckering sour. The less sour ones – taken off their fragile pods as well as coated with a combination of salt, sugar and also smashed Chillies – really are a pleasure to chew. They wake up the mouth, have the juices flowing as well as momentarily satisfy thirst. Others are cooked in syrup with their seeds strained out making into candied tamarind. They’re perfect for the digestive tract and also have a moderate, natural laxative impact. In addition, tamarind is considered to get blood purifying qualities. Some of the varieties of tamarind are as follows-
In Africa, tamarind develop in exotic parts of Senegal and Kenya. These types of fruit trees may also be within the island nations of Madagascar and Zanzibar. However, tamarind usually are not indigenous to Madagascar, in accordance with the International Centre for Underfertilized Crops. The African nation of Malawi receives a tamarind a “bwemba” and helps to create “bwemba juice” from the tamarind fruit. In her native African environment tamarind medium trees which develop 40 to 80 feet in height, having a spread of approximately 35 meters. The majority of varieties trees generally develop to 25 meters tall and therefore are utilized for shade or even decorative reasons.
Aside from India, tamarind growing in Asian countries for instance Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar and Turkey. Several Asian versions are Piyai, Jiahom as well as Sithong. The two states with the biggest tamarind farming are India and Thailand. Produce native or even cultivated Asian tamarind either “sour” or “sweet” fruit. The majority of tamarind in Thailand are sweet, fruit mostly from the “Makhwam waan ‘variety, while India has with sweet as well as sour tamarind fruit. Several trees along with sour fruits are cultivated in the position, sweet fruit on some of its branches. Whenever ripe, the flesh turns reddish brown (sweet) or brown (acidic).
All tamarind in the usa are types, the very first tamarind in America were of Spanish and Portuguese settlers within the 17th and 18 Century introduced. South Florida as well as Hawaii include the main places exactly where tamarind grown in the usa. In Hawaii, the sour tamarind pulp from cultured primary components for drinks, chutney as well as curry. Central America as well as Caribbean Cultivators see tamarind as “tamarindo.” American cultivators make use of seed or even vegetation spread the cultivation of tamarind. Tamarind seed made by the planting of tree seeds in the ground, whilst vegetation grows tamarind spread by planting buds, shoots or cuttings from the fully developed tamarind.
Despite the tree title, the Manila tamarind (Pithecellobium dulce) isn’t a actual tamarind. However, the tamarind as well as Manila tamarind trees involve some resemblances. Both trees are usually delicious fruit having a white or red flesh for human consumption. Much like tamarind, Manila tamarind develop sweet or even sour fruits. Could also grow Manila tamarind in exotic climates and could be planted for decorative reasons. However, Manila tamarind indigenous to the coastal regions of Southern California, Mexico and South America, but aren’t native to Manila, Philippines. Is cultured Manila tamarind it in India and Africa coasts?
Nutrition values of Tamarind
The nutritional value of the tamarind fruit is great and therefore causes it to be ideal for a number of health issues that we’re suffering from. Quantity of Tamarind: 1 cup
Total Weight of Tamarind: 251 g
Protein 0.2 g
Water 213 g
Ash 0.2 g
Fat 0.3 g
Total Calories 143
Calories From Carbohydrate 140
Calories From Fat 2.5
Calories From Protein 0.8
Total Carbohydrate 37 g
Dietary Fiber 1.3 g
Sugars 31.9 g
Vitamin C 17.8 mg
Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) 0.3 mg
Vitamin K 0.3 mcg
Niacin 0.2 mg
Folate 2.5 mcg
Pantothenic Acid 0.1 mg
Choline 3.3 mg
Betaine 0.3 mg
Calcium 25.1 mg
Iron 1.9 mg
Magnesium 10 mg
Phosphorus 5 mg
Potassium 67.8 mg
Sodium 17.6 mg
Zinc 0.1 mg
Manganese 0.1 mg
- Add a spoonful of unsweetened pulp to the combination of sautéed greens to obtain a refreshingly acidic finish.
- You can make a Mexican style aqua-fresh with the addition of 2 tablespoons of sugary tamarind nectar in two cups cold water and also ice with a wedge of lemon.
- Add tamarind to fresh orange juice along with very little sugar for the tangy delicious taste.
- Prepare a salad dressing from tamarind, fresh lemon juice, sugar as well as olive oil.
Selection and storage
Tamarind pods. Note for brown color, tart as well as sweet-flavored pulp surrounded within semi-hard shell.
Fresh tamarind pods can be found in late spring and also earlier summer seasons. However, many different types of refined tamarind just like compacted tamarind blocks, ready-to-use slice, paste, concentrates, balls, etc. are made obtainable in the marketplaces.
Select fresh unbroken pods packed in boxes. In case you are buying refined form, purchase the product from the well reputable genuine brand. Prevent old, desiccated pulp, or even off-smelling items.
When in your own home keep the pods or even pulp within the refrigerator where it’ll remain fresh for many months.
Precautions/ Side effects/ Warnings:
Whilst tamarind doesn’t have recognized main negative effects, it is crucial that women that are pregnant stay away from too much use of tamarind. And if the lady is breastfeeding, tamarind just isn’t recommended. Tamarind needs to be utilized and also ingested in foods, an excessive amount of usage needs to be prevented.
Tamarind has been discovered risk-free in usage at levels used in foods.
However, it increases chance of blood loss if taken together with drugs which have a tendency to increase chance of bleeding. Just like, aspirin, ibuprofen, anti-coagulants, anti-platelet drugs as well as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Even though there isn’t any recognized contraindication to be used in pregnant as well as breastfeeding women, they ought to take the guidance of the physician just before utilizing it.
It might cause lowering of blood glucose levels. Hence diabetics must take note of this.
Uses of Tamarind
The fruit pulp is delicious and also well-known. It really is utilized like a spice both in Asian as well as Latin American cuisines, and it is an essential component in Worcestershire sauce and HP sauce. The pulp of the young fruit is extremely sour as well as acidic and is frequently used like a element of tasty dishes. The ripened fruit is sweeter and could be utilized in desserts as well as drinks, or like a snack. In temples particularly in Asian countries, the pulp is utilized to completely clean brass shrine furniture, eliminating dulling and also the greenish patina that form. The wood is a bold red color.
Because of its density and sturdiness, tamarind heartwood may be used for making furniture as well as wooden flooring. A tamarind switch is oftentimes utilized just as one implement for corporal punishment. Tamarind trees are extremely typical in South India, specifically in Tamil Nadu as well as Andhra Pradesh. They are utilized as ornamental trees and also to offer shade on the country roads as well as highways. Monkeys love the ripened tamarind fruit.
The pulp, leaves, as well as bark also provide medical uses. As an example, in the Philippines, the leaves have been typically utilized in herbal tea for decreasing malaria fever. Because of its medical worth, tamarind is utilized just as one Ayurvedic Medicine for gastric and/or digestion problems. Tamarind is really a staple within the South Indian diet, exactly where it is utilized to make Kuzambu or even Sambhar (spicy lentil soup vegetables and tamarind), a soupy preparation known as pulikkuzambu popular in Tamil Nadu, Puliyodarai rice, as well as other kinds of chutneys. Tamarind can be found in Indian stores worldwide. Additionally it is sold like a candy in Mexico, and in numerous snack forms in Southeast Asia (dried and salted, dried and candied, like a cold drink).
Pad Thai, a dish well-known in Thai restaurants within the U.S., utilizes tamarind as the dominating flavor. It is extremely difficult to get tamarind sauce however it goes effectively along with lamb shanks. Native Philippine Tamarind Native Philippine Tamarind In Latin America, particularly Mexico, and Latin American immigrant communities in the united states, the fruit is incredibly popular and is also designed into many different types of treat. Many favorite Tamarindo mixtures are hard candies and also suckers and one of the extremely popular aguas frescas is flavored along with tamarind. Tamarind is a well-liked food in Mexico and is utilized in numerous Mexican candies. Similarly Sino-Peruvian food utilizes tamarind-based juice because of its special fairly sweet flavor.
Skincare and cosmetics
Usually extracts of tamarind fruits and leaves have already been included with body lotions. They also have been added to deepen the colour of turmeric- or even henna-based red hair dyes. Tamarind extracts are added to face masks, lip balms, body butters as well as soaps.
Tamarind seed oil is utilized similarly to linseed oil. It really is ideal for making paints as well as varnishes.
The wood burns in a high temperature so is commonly used like a fuel within the ovens of brick factories that need higher temperature ranges.