Jalapeno pepper facts

Jalapeno pepper is the peppers with broad shoulder and a blunt end which becomes red when ripen to red but is usually consumed green. It possesses mild to high heat which depends upon the variety. The smoked ones are called Chipotle.

Name Jalapeno pepper
Scientific Name Capsicum anuum
Native Native to Mexico, it is also found in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico.
Name in Other Languages German: Jalapeno-Chilischote
French: Piment jalapeno
Spanish: Chile jalapeño
Portuguese: Pimenta jalapeno
Polish: Papryka jalapeno
Latin: jalapeno piperis
Plant Growth Habit Perennial, small, herbaceous
Growing Climate Humid, hot or cool
Soil Well-drained, fertilized
Plant Size 24-48 inches
Flower White
Fruit shape & size Bullet shaped, Length: 6-7 cm
Fruit color Glossy, dark green or red
Scoville unit 2,500-10,000
Fruit Taste Spicy
Seed Tiny, white, circular, flat
Major Nutritions (Raw) Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 106.7 mg (118.56%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.377 mg (29.00%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 3.22 mg (21.47%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 16.6 µg (13.83%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.152 mg (7.20%)
Vitamin A, RAE 49 µg (7.00%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.5 g (6.58%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 24 µg (6.00%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.284 mg (5.68%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.063 mg (4.85%)
Health Benefits
  • Assist in losing weight
  • Clear sinuses
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Treat migraine
  • Enhance nervous system
  • Pregnancy
  • Enhance immunity
  • Cure arthritis
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Prevent cancer
Calories in 1 cup (90 gm) 26 Kcal.
 Precautions  
  • Jalapeno contains capsaicin which provides spice and pungent. Even some bits causes irritation as well as fiery sensation in tongue, mouth and throat.
  • One should avoid of touching eyes after touching the chili pepper.
  • Jalapeno pepper may irritate the stomach ulcer, gastritis, and gastro esophageal reflux conditions.
  • An intake of chilies for lengthy period would increase the chances of exposing aflatoxin which could lead to liver, stomach and colon cancers.
  • Those who are allergic to spicy foods should avoid Jalapeno Peppers.
  • The intake of Jalapeno peppers which are a week old can cause stomach irritation.
How to Eat
  • Jalapeno pepper is excellent for sauces, salsa, chutney, salads and pickling.
  • It can be used to prepare ratatouille which is a traditional Occitanian recipe.
  • The green Jalapeno peppers are added raw with white onion and tomatoes in order to prepare pico de gallo.
  • Jalapeno pepper could be added as pizza toppings.
  • The pickled form of Jalapenos is consumed with burgers, sandwiches, tortilla etc.
  • Jalapeno peppers are the typical ingredients in nachos, Tex-Mex cuisine, fajita, chili con quiso etc.
  • It helps to enhance the flavor as well as spiciness to poultry, stews, seafood and meat dishes.
Other Facts
  • In Mexico, about 40,000 acres are used to cultivate Jalapenos.
  • China, Spain, Peru and India are the commercial producers of chilies including Jalapenos.
  • Ancient Aztecs were the one to use Jalapenos first but they used to dry and smoke it instead of consuming.
  • August 19th is celebrated as the National Hot & Spicy Food Day.
  • It is mild to medium pungent about 2,500 to 10,000 Scoville units.
  • Jalapeno is a great source of Vitamin C.
  • Jalapeno helps to reduce blood pressure, combat migraine headaches and assist to lose weight.