Jerusalem artichoke – Helianthus tuberosus Facts

Jerusalem artichoke is a multi branched herbaceous perennial native to eastern United States and Mexico. Even though it is nutty in taste it is found used in number of food recipes and is extremely rich in important nutrients, vitamins and minerals.

Name Jerusalem artichoke
Scientific Name Helianthus tuberosus
Native Eastern United States and Mexico
Common/English Name Earth Apple, Woodland Sunflower Girasole, Topinambur,Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunflower Artichoke, Jerusalem sunflower, Sunroot, Sunchoke, Canada Potato
Name in Other Languages Arabic : Tartűf
Turkish : Beyaz Yer Elmasi
Norwegian : Jordskokk
Russian : Topinambur
Chinese : Ju Qian
Slovencina : Slnečnica hľuznatá
Italian : Carciofo Di Terra
Danish : Jordskok
Swedish : Jordärtskocka
Dutch : Aardaartisjok
Esperanto : Helianto tubera
Finnish : Maa-Artisokka
Vietnamese : Cúc Vu
Spanish : Aguaturma
Korean : Ttung Dahn Ji
Portuguese : Girassol-batateiro
French : Artichaut De Jérusalem
German : Erdbirne
Czech : Slunečnice topinambur
Welsh : Artisiog Jerwsalem
Japanese : Kiku Imo
Polish : Słonecznik bulwiasty
Slovašcina : Laška
Brazil : Batata-Tupinambá
Hungarian : Csicsóka
Thai : Thantawan-Hua
Estonian : Maapim
India : Suurajamuu ( Hindi )
Plant Growth Habit Multi branched herbaceous perennial
Growing Climate Sub-zero to hot temperatures
Soil Best in friable, moderately well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.
Plant Size 1.5–3 m high
Root Fibrous roots with thin cord-like rhizomes (horizontal underground stems) that grow as long as 50 inches.
Root Shape & Size Knobby, round clusters, elongated and uneven, ranging in size from 7.5 to 10 cm long, 3–5 cm thick, with nodes, internodes and eyes and vaguely resembling ginger root.
Root Color Pale brown to white, red and purple
Flesh Color White
Flavor/Aroma Nutty, artichoke-like
Taste sweet nutty taste
Stem Grows as tall as 12 feet, and are stout, rough, hairy, ridged. Stems can become woody over time.
Leaf Opposite (2 leaves per node) on the lower part of the stem, and alternate (1 leaf per node) near the top of the stem. Leaves are 4 to 10 inches long and nearly heart-shaped with a broad oval base and pointed tip. The thick leaves have 3 distinct main veins, coarsely-toothed margins, and attach to the stem by way of a winged stalk (petiole). The upper leaf surface has coarse hairs while the lower surface has soft hairs.
Flowering Season August to October
Flower Yellow and produced in capitate flowerheads, which are 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, with 10–20 ray florets and 60 or more small disc florets.
Fruit Cypselae 5–7 mm, glabrous or distally hairy; pappi with 2 aristate scales and 0–1 deltoid scales.
Seed Smooth, wedge-shaped, and gray or brown with black mottling.
Season March and May
Varieties/Types Fuseau, Dwarf Sunray
Major Nutrition Iron, Fe 5.1 mg (63.75%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.3 mg (25.00%)
Copper, Cu 0.21 mg (23.33%)
Carbohydrate 26.16 g (20.12%)
Phosphorus, P 117 mg (16.71%)
Potassium, K 644 mg (13.70%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.95 mg (12.19%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.596 mg (11.92%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.116 mg (8.92%)
Choline 45 mg (8.18%)
Health Benefits
  • Boost the immune system
  • Control cholesterol
  • Control blood pressure
  • Muscle Function
  • Supports a Healthy Cardiovascular System
  • Helps Prevent Premature Aging
  • Helps Maintain Dental Health
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 110 Kcal