Jujube Facts

Jujube botanically known as Ziziphus jujube is a delicious oval drupe 1.5-3 centimeters (0.59-1.2 in) deep with crispy texture, edible skin, and a sweet-tart, apple-like flavor. Size varies from round to elongate and from cherry-size to plum-size, depending on the cultivar. It has a thin, edible dark red skin surrounding whitish flesh. It is native to China. Actually jujube tree has been cultivated there since 4,000 years ago. In ancient times, it was classified as “The Five Fruits” along with peach, plum, prunus mume, and apricot. Due to its higher nutritional values it is cultivated and consumed throughout the world.

Name Jujube fruit
Scientific Name Ziziphus jujuba
Native China
Common/English Name Chinese Date, Chinese-Date, Chinese Jujube, Chinese Plum, Chinese Red Date, Common Jujube, Jujube, Jujube Tree, Korean dates, Indian dates
Name in Other Languages Iraq : Aunnaberhindi
Afghanistan : Berra ( Pashto )
Philippines : Manzanas
Brazil : Jujuba
Greek : Tzintzola
Burmese : Hsi
Pakistan : Baryan
Chines e: Da Zao
Tibetan : Gya-Sug
Korean : Dae-Choo
Eastonian : Harilik Kreektürn
Slovašcina : Čičimak Navadni
Fiji : Ber
German : Brustbeerbaum
Bangladesh : Bozoi
Hungarian : Jujuba (Fa)
Vietnamese : Táo
Indonesia : Bidara
Spanish : Azufaifo
Iran : Kanar
Czech : Cicimek Datlový
Italian : Giuggiole
Turkish : Hünnap
Kampuchea : Putrea
India : Boguri ( Assamese)
Malaysia : Bedara
Dutch : Jujubeboom
Thai : Bhud-Saar
Nepal : Baer
French : Circoulier
Arabic : Annab
Persian : Annab
Danish : Almindelig Jujube
Portuguese : Açofeifeira
Japanese : Sanebuto Natsume
Russian : Kitajskij Finik
Finnish : Kiinanjujuba
Polish : Chiński Daktyl
Plant Growth Habit Small, deciduous, erect tree
Growing Climate Warm, sunny location
Soil Tolerate many types of soils, but prefer sandy, well-drained soils and do less well in heavy, poorly drained soil. They are able to grow in soils with high salinity or high alkalinity. It does not perform well in heavy, poorly drained soils.
Plant Size 5–10 m high
Bark Brown to gray-brown bark
Branchlets Gray brown or green, flexuose, zig-zag with or without 2 stipular

spines

Leaf Alternate, dark green above, pale green below, ovate, ovate-elliptic, or elliptic-oblong, 3–7 × 1.5–4 cm, papery, 3- veined from base, base slightly asymmetric, obtuse, margin crenate-serrate, apex obtuse or rounded, rarely acute
Flower Yellow-green, fragrant, bisexual, pentamerous, glabrous, solitary or 2–8 clustered in axillary cymes, shortly pedunculate
Fruit Shape and Size Drupe, sub globose, oblong, ellipsoid, or narrowly ovoid, 2.5–5 cm by 2–3.5(–4.5) cm in diameter
Fruit Color Green in color, but as it ripens it goes through a yellow-green stage becoming red or red-purple at maturity
Fruit Skin Thin, edible
Flesh Color Creamy white fleshy, thick,
Flavor/Aroma Sweet-tart, apple-like flavor
Taste Apple-like sweet and tart taste
Seed Compressed orbicular, 10 × 8 mm.
Varieties/Types
  • Li jujubes
  • Lang jujubes
Season September, October
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 69 mg (76.67%)
Carbohydrate 20.23 g (15.56%)
Copper, Cu 0.073 mg (8.11%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.081 mg (6.23%)
Iron, Fe 0.48 mg (6.00%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.9 mg (5.63%)
Potassium, K 250 mg (5.32%)
Manganese, Mn 0.084 mg (3.65%)
Phosphorus, P 23 mg (3.29%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.04 mg (3.08%)
Health Benefits
  • Skin Health
  • Cancer Treatment
  • Stress and Anxiety
  • Blood Detoxification
  • Bone Strength
  • Digestion
  • Sleep Aid
  • Weight Control
  • Immune System
Calories in (100 gm) 79 K cal