Kohlrabi Facts

It is a hardy; cool-season vegetable belonging to the cabbage family and is related to Broccoli, Kale, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. It has a large edible bulb that looks like a turnip. However Kohlrabi is not a root vegetable, large bulb is actually part of stem not root system. It also tastes best when harvested while still young. Large, older kohlrabi is tough and woody and frequently has a bitter flavor.

Name Kohlrabi
Scientific Name Brassica oleracea (Gongylodes Group)
Native Northwestern Europe
Common/English Name German cabbage, Kohlrabi, Knolknol, Stem Turnip, Cabbage Turnip, Turnip cabbage, Turnip- Stemmed Cabbage, Hungarian Turnip, Turnip Kale
Name in Other Languages Japanese : Kyuukei Kanran
Russian : Kol’rabi
Austrian : Kohlrübe
Chinese : Pie Lan
Macedonian : Kelerába
German : Kohlrabi
Vietnamese : Su Hào
Croatian : Keleraba
Esperanto : Tigobrasiko
Korean : Jul-Gi-Yang-Bae-Chu
Catalan : Col-I-Nap
Polish : Kalarepa
Italian : Cavolo Rapa
Portuguese : Couve Rábano
Dutch : Koolrabi
Volapük : Kaulabrasid
French : Chou-Rave
Hungarian : Karalábé
Estonian : Koolrabi
Slovenščina: Koleraba
India : Olkabi
Czech : Brukev Kedluben
Afrikaans : Knolkool
Jèrriais : Kohlrabi
Spanish : Col Rábano
Danish : Kålrabi
Finnish : Kaalirapi
Swedish : Kålrabbi
Norwegian : Knutekål
Romanian : Gulie
Bulgarian : Kohlrabi
Serbian : Keleraba
Belarusian : Kalrabi
Plant Growth Habit Erect, glabrous annual or biennial herb
Growing Climate Cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location
Soil Well-drained, fertile soil rich in organic matter
Plant Size 50 cm tall
Root Pale greenish white, purple and strongly branched root system
Bulb Shape & Size Un branched, highly shortened, swollen, sub globose to globose, fleshy corm or bulbo tuber-like stem up to 12 cm in diameter
Bulb Color green, white or purple
Flesh Color White
Bulb Flavor Mild cabbage flavor or a very sweet turnip with celery or nutty overtones.
Bulb Taste Tastes like a combination of mild turnip and sweet apple.
Leaf Alternate, simple or with some small side lobes at base; exstipulate; all leaves with distinct, slender, terete petiole; blade ovate or oblong-elliptical in outline, 20–28 cm long by 14–16 cm wide, irregularly incised, blue green.
Flower Bisexual, regular, 4-merous; pedicel up to 2 cm long; sepals oblong, about 1 cm long, erect; petals obovate, 1.5–2 cm long, clawed, pale to bright yellow or yellowish white;
Fruit Linear or curved silique 5–10 cm long by 5 mm wide, with a tapering beak 5–15 mm long, dehiscent, containing up to 30 seeds.
Seed Globose, 1.5–2 mm across, finely reticulate, dark brown.
Varieties/Types Early White Vienna and Purple Vienna.
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 83.7 mg (93.00%)
Copper, Cu 0.174 mg (19.33%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.202 mg (15.54%)
Total dietary Fiber 4.9 g (12.89%)
Potassium, K 472 mg (10.04%)
Phosphorus, P 62 mg (8.86%)
Manganese, Mn 0.188 mg (8.17%)
Iron, Fe 0.54 mg (6.75%)
Carbohydrate 8.37 g (6.44%)
Isoleucine 0.105 g (6.28%)
Health Benefits
  • Digestive Health
  • Iron Deficiency
  • Nerve and Muscle Function
  • Vision Health
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Blood Pressure
  • Bone Strength
  • Weight Loss Booster
  • Metabolism
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 36 Kcal