Lemon Facts

Scientifically known as Citrus limon, lemons are among the world’s most popular citrus fruits. Lemons are a refreshing fruit that is usually not eaten whole, but rather eaten in slices, or added to foods and beverages for their distinctive flavor. Lemons have many uses in cooking and are very popular in European recipes. They are very high in vitamin C and low in calories. Lemons are also used as a health and beauty aid, and have many uses as a cleaning agent. At the end of the day, lemons are a healthy food, and an excellent way to add flavor and aroma to meals.

Name Lemon
Scientific Name Citrus limon
Native Originated in the foothills of the Himalayas, Assam (India) and northern Burma to China.
Common/English Name Canton Lemon, Chinese Lemon, Lemon.
Name in Other Languages Hungarian : Citrom
Dutch : Citroenboom
Amharic : Li-Mo-Ne
Icelandic : Sítróna
Armenian : Gidron
Guam : Limon Real
Basque : Limoi
Korean : Re-Mon
Bulgaria : Limon
Latvia : Citrons
Finnish : Sitruuna
Chamorro : Lemon Reat
Samoan : Moli
Lithuanian : Citrinos
Pukapukan : Lēmene Papā
Croatia : Limun
Galician : Follas De Lima Cafre
Persian : Kalanbak
Spanish : Arbol De Limón
Czech : Citrón
New Caledonia : Le Citronnier
Arabic : Laymūn
Italian : Limone
Sri Lanka : Sedaran
Danish : Citron
Scotland : Crann Limoin
Indonesia : Jerul Nipis
Esperanto : Citron
Russian : Limon
Palauan : Debechel
Nepalese : Kaagati
Tongan : Lemani
Fijian : Moli Karokaro
Chinese : Ning Meng
French : Citronnier
India : Gol Nemu ( Assamese )
Norway : Sitron
Frisian : Sitroen
Tibetan : Dzam Bi Ri (D)
Georgian : Limoni
Maltese : Lumi
Brazil: Limão-Siciliano
German : Citron
Albanian : Limoni
Swahili : Limau
Haiti : Sitron
Swedish : Citron
Aragonese : Limón
Polish : Cytryna
Hawaiian : Kukane
Azerbaijan : Limon
Slovašcina : Limona
Hebrew : Limon
Portuguese : Limão
Turkish : Limon
Cook Islands : Rēmene
Pakistan : Jatti Khatti
Thai : Ma Nao Leung
Eastonia : Harilik Sidrunipuu
I-Kiribati : Remen
Vietnamese : Chanh Tây
Japanese : Kanton Remon
Ukrainian : Limon
Lingala : Ndímo
Romanian : Lămâi
Yiddish : Limene
Burmese : Shauktakera
Malaysia : Limau
Farsi : Limoo
Niuean : Sipolo
Tongarevan : Lēmene
Philippines: Lemon ( Tagalog)
Catalan : Llimonera
Slovencina : Citrón
Kazakhsistan : Limon
Greek : Lemóni
Plant Growth Habit Small, thorn less to thorny, medium vigor tree
Growing Climate Cultivated in a tropical, subtropical and temperate regions, in humid, semi-arid or arid conditions. Lemons are mostly grown in the semi-arid and arid subtropical regions. Lemon trees are susceptible to strong winds or cold winds that reduce yields and scar fruit.
Soil Lemon tree is adaptable to many soil types excepting those that are too acidic. It has reputation of tolerating very infertile, very poor soil.
Plant Size 3–6 m high.
Leaf Leaves are alternate, reddish when young turning green, ovate to elliptic, 8–14 × 4–6 cm, with conspicuously crenulate margin and mucronate, acuminate to shallowly emarginate apex on narrowly winged petioles.
Flower Flowers bisexual or male by complete abortion of pistil. Calyx is cup shaped with 4–5 lobes; petals, 4 or 5, are white inside and purplish outside, stamens 20–40 more or less united stamens with yellow anthers, ovary sub cylindric to barrel-shaped with a clavate stigma.
Fruit Shape & Size Ellipsoid to ovoid, narrowed at both ends, with a nipple- like protuberance (mammilla) at the apex, up to 12 × 6 cm,
Fruit Weight About 50- 80 g in weight.
Fruit Color Green turning pale green and yellow when ripe
Fruit Skin Fairly thick, coarse, pellucid dotted rind
Flesh Color Pale Yellow
Flavor/Aroma Mildly tart, fresh flavor
Taste Sour
Seed Ovoid, elliptic or ovate, pointed, smooth, small up to 10 mm long with one to numerous embryo(s) and milky-white cotyledons.
Varieties/Types
  • Armstrong (‘Armstrong Seedless’)
  • Avon
  • Bearss
  • Berna
  • Eureka
  • Femminello Ovale
  • Genoa
  • Harvey
  • Interdonato
  • Libson
  • Meyer
  • Monachello
  • Nepali Oblong
  • Perrine
  • Rosenberger
  • Rough Lemon
  • Santa Teresa
  • Sweet Lemon
  • Villafranca
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 112.4 mg (124.89%)
Iron, Fe 1.27 mg (15.88%)
Total dietary Fiber 5.9 g (15.53%)
Carbohydrate 19.76 g (15.20%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.17 mg (13.08%)
Copper, Cu 0.078 mg (8.67%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.403 mg (8.06%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.085 mg (7.08%)
Potassium, K 293 mg (6.23%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 23 µg (5.75%)
Health Benefits
  • Improve Digestive Health
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Hair Care
  • Help Control Weight
  • Fever
  • Skin Care
  • Prevent Kidney Stones
  • Throat Infections
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Prevention of Anemia
  • Dental Care
  • Reduce Cancer Risk
  • Burns
  • Internal Bleeding
  • Respiratory Disorders
  • Foot Relaxation
  • Corns
Calories in 1 cup (212 gm) 61 K cal