Okra – Abelmoschus esculentus  Facts

Okra Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench), is an economically important vegetable crop grown in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. This crop is suitable for cultivation as a garden crop as well as on large commercial farms. It is available year-round, with a peak season during the summer months. It thrives in warm tropical or subtropical climate and prefers well drained, rich light and heavy soils that include sandy loam, loam or clay soil. It is extremely rich in essential nutrients, minerals, vitamins so it is used in several traditional medicines as well as used in many food dishes as well since ancient time.

Name Okra
Scientific Name Abelmoschus esculentus
Native Native to Ethiopia
Common/English Name Bindi, Gobbo, Gombo, Gumbo, Lady’s Finger, Ladies’ Fingers, Okra, Okro, quingombo, ochro, bamia, bamie, quiabo
Name in Other Languages Mexico : Angú
Angola : Ngumbo
Greek: Bamia
Italian : Gombo
Benin : Fétri ( Adja )
Japanese : Okura
Hebrew : Bamiya
Burkina Faso : Gombo
Niger-Congo : Kingombo ( Bantu )
Chinese : Ka Fei Kui
Polish : Czyli Okra
Danish : Abelmoskus
Papiamento : Guiambo
Dutch : Okra
Senegal : Ñaod ( Badyara )
Egypt : Bamya
Nepal : Ram Toriya
Arabic : Bâmiyah
Ivory Coast : Eponoufa ( Aboure )
French : Bamie-Okra
Argentina: Gombo
Hungarian : Gombó
India : Bhendi
Turkish : Bamya
Korean : Oh K’u Ra
Indonesia : Okra
Brazil : Quiabo ( Portuguese)
Spanish : Bendee
German : Bisameibisch
Khmer : Poot Barang
Laotian : Khua Ngwang
Malaysia : Kacang Bendi
Croatian : Jedilna Oslez
Swedish : Okra
Democratic Republic Of Congo : Umvumba ( Kinyarwanda)
Burmese : You Padi
Norwegian : Grønsakhibisk
Ethiopia : Bamia
Panama : Ñajú
Ghana : Nkuruma ( Asante-Twi )
Zimbabwe : Idelele ( Ndebele )
Morocco : Mlûhiya ( Moroccan )
Cameroon : Ankoul ( Bamiléké )
Romanian : Bamă
Togo : Gombo
Nigeria : Okuru ( Igbo )
Russian : Bamija
Dominican Republic : Molondrón
Madagascar : Gombo
West Africa : Nkruman
Persian : Bamiyah
Czech : Ibišek Jedlý
Mozambique : Monhatando
Vietnamese : Dau Bap
Portuguese : Quiabo
Sierra Leone : Okro ( Krio )
Belgium : Ketmie Comestible
Eastonian : Söödav Muskushibisk
Niger : Gombo
Thai : Krachiap-Khieo
Philippines : Okra
Plant Growth Habit Annual, tropical, erect herb
Growing Climate Thrives in warm tropical or subtropical climate
Soil Well drained, rich light and heavy soils that include sandy loam, loam or clay soil
Plant Size 1–2 m high
Root Deep taproot
Stem Semi woody and sometimes pigmented with a green or reddish tinges color. It is erect, variable in branching, with many short branches that are attached to thick semi woody stem.
Leaf 10–20 cm long, cordate (heart-shaped), simple and broad, palmately lobed with 5–7 lobes and is dark green in color and resembles a maple leaf.
Flower 4–8 cm in diameter, with five white to yellow petals, often with a red or purple spot at the base of each petal.
Fruit Shape & Size Cylindrical capsule, 5–35 cm long, with longitudinal ribs down its length, hispid covered with fine hairs
Fruit Color Yellowish green to green, but is sometimes purple or white.
Flavor/Aroma Flavor somewhat like a cross between asparagus and eggplant.
Seed Oval, smooth, Globular-reniform, 3–6 mm diameter, dark brown or dark grey, tuberculate seeds.
Varieties/Types Specialty Okra, Red Burgundy Okra, Silver Queen Okra, Star of David Okra, Alabama Red Okra, Cow Horn Okra, Hill Country Heirloom Red Okra, Burmese Okra, Jade Okra, Emerald Okra, Chinese okra, Purple Okra, Louisiana Short Okra
Major Nutrition Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 64 µg (53.33%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 26.1 mg (29.00%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.299 mg (23.00%)
Manganese, Mn 0.47 mg (20.43%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 74 µg (18.50%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.211 mg (17.58%)
Copper, Cu 0.136 mg (15.11%)
Magnesium, Mg 58 mg (13.81%)
Calcium, Ca 123 mg (12.30%)
Total dietary Fiber 4 g (10.53%)
Health Benefits
  • Immune System
  • Manage Diabetes
  • Skin Health
  • Anti-Stress Effects
  • Blood Pressure and Heart Health
  • Vision Booster
  • Anti-Fatigue Benefit
  • Digestive Health
  • May Help Lower Cholesterol
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 35 Kcal