Physalis Facts

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Physalis FactsPhysalis is actually a herbaceous or soft-wooded, perennial somewhat vining plant sized 2 to 3 ft. (1.6-0.9 m) in height  but occasionally may attain 6 ft. (1.8) m. It is a smooth berry which looks like a small, round yellowish tomato. It is sub-globose berry, 1.25–2 cm diameter, each enclosed in a bladder like husk which will become papery on maturity. It is green while young turning to a smooth, glossy, golden –yellow to orange when ripe with many tiny (2 mm diameter) yellowish, flat seeds surrounded in the juicy palatable pulp.

Name Physalis (Cape Gooseberry)
Scientific Name Physalis peruviana
Native Indigenous to South America in the high altitude tropical Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru
Common/English Name Aztec Berry, Winter Cherry, bladderberry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Gooseberry-Tomato, goldenberry, Husk Cherry, Inca Berry, Peruvian Cherry, Cape Gooseberry, Poha, Cherry Tomato Goldenberry,  Poha Berry, Strawberry Tomato, Barbados Gooseberry, obra cabbage
Name in Other Languages Arabic : Hhabwah, Hhashîsh Sakrân
Fijian : Botebote Yadra, Kospeli, Maulanggua
Finnish : Ananaskirsikka, Kapinmarja
Czech : Mochyně Peruánská
Peru : Capulí, Pasa Capulí, Aguaymanto
Danish : Ananaskirsebaer, Kapstikkelsbaer
Italian : Alchechenge Giallo, Alchechengi Giallo
Ecuador : Uvilla ( Spanish )
Polish : Miechunka Peruwianska
French : Alkékange Jaune Doux
Nauruan : Oatamo, Watamo
Chinese : Deng Long Cao, Deng Long Guo
Gabon : Alkekengi, Coqueret
Brazil : Alquequenje Amarelo, Bate-Testa
Mangarevan : Maru
I – Kiribati : Te Baraki, Te Bin
Tahitian : Tupere
Dutch : Ananaskers, Goudbes, Kaapsche Kruisbes
Japanese : Ke Hôzuki
Swedish : Ananaskörsbär, Kapkrusbär
Chile : Capuli, Amor En Bolsa, Bolsa De
Spanish : Alquequenje, Capuli, Uvilla
Malawi : Jamu, Peruvian Cherry
Bolivia : Capuli, Motojobobo Embolsado
Nepalese : Ishmagol, Jangalii Mevaa, Jangali Meva, Rasabarii
India : Macao, Makowi, Rasbhari, Teparee
Sri Lanka : Thol Thakkali ( Sinhalese
Niuean : Manini, Manini Fua Lalahi
German : Ananaskirsche, Kap-Stachelbeere
Columbia : Uvilla, Uchuva, Vejigón, Guchavo
Cook Islands : Tupera, Tūpere, Tūpere ( Maori )
Philippines : Lobolobohan ( Tagalog)
Turkish : Altın Çilek, Sarhosh Out
Egypt : Harankash, Is-Sitt Il-Mistahiya;
Venezuela : Topotopo, Chuchuva, Alquequenje Amarillo
Portuguese : Groselha-Do-Peru Tomateiro Inglês
Sudan : Habwa ( Arabic )
Tongan : Ku‘Usi
Quecha : Aguaymanto, Topotopo
Slovenian : Perujsko Volčje Jabolko
Hawaiian : Pa‘Ina, Poha
South Africa : Cape Gooseberry, Golden Berry
Mexico : Cereza Del Peru
Description Physalis is a smooth berry which looks like a small, round yellowish tomato. It is sub-globose berry, 1.25–2 cm diameter, each enclosed in a bladder like husk which will become papery on maturity. It is green while young turning to a smooth, glossy, golden –yellow to orange when ripe with many tiny (2 mm diameter) yellowish, flat seeds surrounded in the juicy palatable pulp.
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous or soft-wooded, perennial somewhat vining plant
Growing Climate Sunny, frost-free location, sheltered from strong winds
Soil Well drained soil but does best on sandy to gravelly loam. Good crops are obtained on rather poor sandy ground
Plant Size 2 to 3 ft. (1.6-0.9 m) in height  but occasionally may attain 6 ft (1.8) m
Branch Ribbed, often purplish, spreading branches covered with fine hairs
Leaf Nearly opposite, velvety, heart-shaped, pointed, randomly-toothed leaves 2 3/8 to 6 in (6-15 cm) long and 1 1/2 to 4 in (4-10 cm) wide
Flowering Season Starts from June to August
Flower Bell-shaped, nodding flowers form in the leaf axils. They are yellow in color with dark purple-brown spots in the throat, and cupped by a purplish-green, hairy calyx. Fruit buds are produced after 12 to 13 stem internodes are formed
Fruit shape & size Sub-globose berry, 1.25–2 cm diameter, each enclosed in a bladder like husk which becomes papery on maturity
Fruit color Green while young which turns to a shiny, smooth, golden –yellow to orange once ripe
Flesh Color Golden –yellow to orange colored
Fruit Peel Smooth, waxy, orange-yellow skin
Flavor/aroma Slightly tart flavor
Fruit Taste Sweet along with a pleasing grape-like tang. Husk is bitter and are unpalatable
Seed Numerous tiny (2 mm diameter) yellowish, flat seeds
Varieties/Types Giant, Giallo Grosso, Golden Berry, Edulis, Giant Poha Berry, Long Aston, Golden Berry
Season During August to November
Major Nutrition Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.92 mg (24.50%)
Iron, Fe 1.4 mg (17.50%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 15.4 mg (17.11%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.154 mg (12.83%)
Carbohydrate 15.68 g (12.06%)
Phosphorus, P 56 mg (8.00%)
Vitamin A 50 µg (7.14%)
Protein 2.66 g (5.32%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.056 mg (4.31%)
Total Fat 0.98 g (2.80%)
Calcium, Ca 13 mg (1.30%)
Health Benefits
  • Antioxidant benefits
  • Protecting liver and kidney against fibrosis
  • Healthy Pregnancy
  • Relief of Arthritis Pain
  • Cognitive Ability
  • Cardiovascular functions
  • Improves Eyesight
Calories in 1cup (145gm) 74 Kcal
Traditional Uses
  • It is used in folk medicine for dealing with diseases like hepatitis, dermatitis, malaria, rheumatism, asthma, and leukemia,.
  • In India, Physalis peruviana is a common medicinal herb used by Muthuvan tribes living in the Shola forest regions against jaundice.
  • Leaf decoction is taken as a diuretic and antiasthmatic in Colombia.
  • Heated leaves are applied as poultices on inflammations in South Africa.
  • To relieve abdominal ailments in children, Zulus administer the leaf infusion as an enema.
Precautions:
  • The unripe fruit is supposed to be toxic to some people.
  • The plant is assumed to have caused illness and death in cattle in Australia.
How to Eat
  • Fruit Salads: Fruits can be consumed raw in fruit cocktails, fruit salads, in cooked dishes or even canned whole in syrup or processed into jams.
  • Puddings, pies: The fruit is perfect for snacks as well as for making puddings, pies, sauces, jams, jellies, ice cream, preserves, chutneys and glazes for meat and seafood.
  • Dessert: Fruits are stewed along with honey and consumed as dessert in Colombia.
  • Rasin: The fruit can also dries into tasty “raisins”.
  • British use the husk as a handle for dipping the fruit in icing.
  • Fruits are also an attractive sweet whenever dipped in chocolate or other coatings or pricked and rolled in sugar.
Other Facts Physalis is used as an ornamental plant.

Physalis (Physalis peruviana) Scientific Classification

Scientific name Physalis peruviana
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae
Genus Physalis L
Species Physalis peruviana L.
Super division Spermatophyta
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Asteridae

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