Pigeon peas facts

Pigeon pea is a perennial shrub which lives from one to five years. The plant reaches about the height of 1-4 meters. It is cultivated as an annual for its seeds. The base of Pigeon pea is woody. Pigeon peas are fast growing crop with drought resistant.

Name Pigeon peas
Scientific Name Cajanus cajan
Native It was domesticated in India 3,500 years ago. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Common/English Name Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea
Name in Other Languages Arabic: Lûbyâ Sûdânî;
Argentina: Guandu;
Brazil: Feijão-Guandu;
Chamorro: Lenteja Francesa;
Chinese: Chieh Tu;
Cuba: Gandul;
Czech: Kajan;
Danish: Ærteboenne;
Dutch: Katjang Goedé;
Eastonian: Harilik Tuvihernes;
Ecuador: Gandú;
Finnish: Kyyhkynherne;
Ethiopia: Yewof Ater;
Fijian: Pi;
French: Pois Cajan;
German: Strauchbohne;
Hawaiian: Pī Pokoliko;
India:-
Assamese: Rahar Dal,
Bengali: Arhar,
Hindu: Tur,
Kannada: Togari;
Malayalam: Thuvarappayar,
Manipuri: Mairongbi,
Marathi: Thoora,
Oriya: Arhar,
Sanskrit: Tuvari,
Tamil: Duvarai,
Telugu: Aadhaki;
Indonesia: Kacang Gude;
Italian: Pisello Del Tropico;
Jamaica: Gungo Pea;
Japanese: Ki-Mame;
Khmer: Sândaèk Klöng;
Laotian: Thwàx H’ê;
Malaysia: Dhal;
Nepalese: Rahar;
Nigeria:-
Hausa: waken turawa,
Yoruba: otili;
Papiamento: Wandu;
Peru: Frijol De Palo;
Philippines:
Bikol: Tabois,
Bontok: Kidis,
Cebu Bisaya: Tabois,
Ibanag: Kardis,
Ifugao: Kusia,
Igorot: Kardis,
Iloko: Kaldis,
Mangyang: Kadios ,
Panay Bisaya: Kadios,
Tagalog: Kagyos;
Portuguese: Ervilha De Angola;
Puerto Rico: Gandule;
Spanish (Pods): Frijol Guandul;
Sudan: Lubia Addassy;
Swedish: Duwärt;
Taiwan: Shu Dou;
Thailand: Maetaai;
Tibetan: Tu Ba Ri;
Uganda:
Acholi: Lapena,
Langi: Apena,
Runyankore:  Enkuuku,
Runyoro: Enkuuku,
Rutooro: Enkuuku,
Teso: Ekilimite,
Venezuela (Spanish): Quinchoncho;
Vietnamese: Dau Sang
Plant Growth Habit Erect, glandular-pubescent, short-lived, perennial shrub
Growing Climate Tropical and subtropical
Plant Size 1–2 m high
Lifespan Five years
Root Tetrarch taproots
Stem Erect, ribbed, Diameter: 15 cm
Leaf Alternate, trifoliate, above: dark green, underneath: silvery
Flower Yellow or yellow and red, papilionaceous, Diameter: 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm
Pod shape & size Linear-oblong, Length: 2–13 cm; Width: 0.5–1.7 cm
Pod color Green or red
Seed shape and size Subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish; Diameter: 5 mm
Seeds color White, cream, brown, purplish to black
Varieties/Types
  • Tree types
  • Tall varieties
  • Dwarf varieties
  • Smaller bushes
Major Nutritions Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 43 mg (47.78%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.536 mg (44.67%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 153 µg (38.25%)
Iron, Fe 2.4 mg (30.00%)
Manganese, Mn 0.69 mg (30.00%)
Phosphorus, P 181 mg (25.86%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 30.3 µg (25.25%)
Carbohydrate 29.82 g (22.94%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.294 mg (20.59%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.254 mg (19.54%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.964 mg (19.28%)
Protein  9.12 g (18.24%)
Copper, Cu 0.161 mg (17.89%)
Total dietary Fiber 6.4 g (16.84%)
Potassium, K 698 mg (14.85%)
Health Benefits
  • Maintains blood pressure
  • Assist in growth
  • Prevent anemia
  • Anti-inflammatory properties
  • Helps in losing weight
  • Boost energy
  • Aids immunity
  • Healthy heart
  • Digestive health
Calories in 1 cup (153 gm) 170 Kcal.
Other Facts India is the largest producer of pigeon peas.