Pompano fish facts and nutritional info

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Pompano fish facts and nutritional info

Pompano Fish Quick Facts
Name: Pompano Fish
Scientific Name: Trachinotus auratus
Colors Blue-greenish silver on the dorsal areas and silver to yellow on the body and fins
Shapes Short, deep, and compressed, about 45 cm (18 in)
Flesh colors White to off-white
Taste Mild, succulent-taste
Calories 186 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Selenium (74.91%)
Isoleucine (57.48%)
Lysine (57.24%)
Tryptophan (52.95%)
Threonine (51.88%)
Pompano fish, also known as the Florida and Golden Pompano, is a saltwater breed often found inshore and near the shore. According to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, they can be seen near oyster banks, grass beds, and turbid waters. Pompano is actually a highly preferred eating fish. It is a medium flavor fish with flesh that holds together very well for all modes of cooking, and its shape fits pans and steamers better than most fish do. Frying, steaming, baking and poaching whole or as fillets all work well. The flesh is white except for a darker layer right under the skin, but that dark flesh does not have a strong flavor

It lives in the warm waters of the south Atlantic from Cape Cod to Brazil. They should not be confused with the California pompano which is in fact a member of the butterfish family and not a pompano at all. It is a fast growing fish, reaching 8-12 inches in its first year. They usually live about 3 to 4 years.  It has a silvery body, metallic blue above and golden yellow below with a deeply forked tail. It averages 1 ½ to 3 pounds however they have been to reach 9 pounds and 26 inches in length. They are a fairly expensive fish because of high demand and commercial fishing restrictions.

There are several fish species in the genera Trachinotus that are marketed as pompano.  The name pompano has long been used broadly to refer to many different species within this large family of fish called jacks (Carangidae).  Pompano became popular in the United States primarily because of the domestic sport and commercial fishery along the coast of Florida for Trachinotus carolinus.  This species is the most expensive and preferred due to its wonderful flavor, texture and fat content.  This species of pompano is highly valued as a food fish both commercially and recreationally. They are characterized by their greenish gray and silver color.

Habitat

Florida pompano are common in inshore and near shore waters, especially along sandy beaches, along oyster banks, and over grass beds.  They are often in turbid water and may be found in water as deep as 130 feet.

Physical Appearance

The body profile is relatively short, deep, and moderately compressed. Color is normally blue to greenish dorsally, fading to silver laterally, with the ventral surface tending to be silvery to yellow in color. There are no visible vertical bars on sides. Fins are dusky or yellowish in color, mainly the anal fin. The tail fin is deeply forked. The head profile slopes to a blunt snout, with the mouth somewhat inferior. The adult Florida Pompano can range from 17 – 25 inches in length. The angler caught Florida Pompano is usually 3 lbs or less. Florida Pompano rarely grow more than 6 Lbs.

Six short spines are located in front of an elongated dorsal fin, which is set low on the fish’s back and is matched by a slightly shorter anal fin underneath. The first few soft rays (spines) of these fins are elongated, followed by a narrow band of soft rays that lead to the deeply forked V shaped tail. The dorsal fin has 22 to 27 soft rays (spines); the anal fin has 20 to 23 rays (spines). The fins of pompano may be yellow.

Types

Different types of pompano fish are described below

1. African pompano

African PompanoThe African pompano (Alectis ciliaris) also known as the pennant-fish and threadfin trevally is a widely distributed species of tropical marine fish in the jack family, Carangidae. The species is found in tropical waters worldwide, with adults often inhabiting coastlines, while juveniles are usually pelagic, floating with ocean currents.

2. Florida pompano

Florida pompanoThe Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) is a species of marine fish in the Trachinotus (pompano) genus of the Carangidae family. It has a compressed body and short snout; coloration varies from blue-greenish silver on the dorsal areas and silver to yellow on the body and fins.

3. Irish pompano

Irish pompanoIrish pompano has deep body, compressed, angled at base of dorsal fin; snout pointed; lower jaw profile concave; strongly protrusible jaws that point downward when extended; edge of preopercle is serrated; tail deeply forked; 2nd anal fin spine thick and longer 3rd spine and rays; high dorsal fin; dorsal fin spines dusky at edge.

Nutritional Value

Apart from their mild, succulent-taste, Pompano fish is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Consuming 88 gram of Pompano fish offers 41.2 µg of Selenium, 0.598 mg of Vitamin B1, 1.06 µg of Vitamin B-12, 300 mg of Phosphorus, 20.85 g of Protein, 10.68 g of Total Fat, 3.344 mg of Vitamin B3, 0.202 mg of Vitamin B6 and 0.766 mg of Vitamin B5. Moreover many Amino acids 0.233 g of Tryptophan, 0.913 g of Threonine, 0.961 g of Isoleucine, 1.694 g of Leucine, 1.914 g of Lysine and 0.617 g of Methionine are also found in 88 gram of Pompano fish.

How to Eat

  • Pompano is typically prepared baked, broiled, grilled or pan-fried.
  • A popular dish created in New Orleans, called “pompano en papillote,” is wrapped in parchment paper with a white sauce of wine, shrimp, and crabmeat, and then steamed.
  • To enjoy the pure flavor of the fish, try it on the grill or baked with a little oil or butter, salt and pepper
  • Cut the cleaned fish into slices, dredge with flour, and fry brown in butter. Serve with any preferred sauce.
  • Pompano, because of its high fat content, works well with complex sauces.

Other Facts

  • Pompano do not have teeth.
  • Largest pompano fish weigh 8–9 lb. (3.6–4.1 kg) and reach lengths up to 26 in (66 cm).

Pompano Fish Facts

Pompano fish commonly known as Florida and Golden Pompano is actually a highly preferred eating fish. It is a saltwater breed often found inshore and near the shore. They are characterized by their greenish gray and silver color. It has relatively short, deep, and moderately compressed. Six short spines are located in front of an elongated dorsal fin, which is set low on the fish’s back and is matched by a slightly shorter anal fin underneath. The first few soft rays (spines) of these fins are elongated, followed by a narrow band of soft rays that lead to the deeply forked V shaped tail. The dorsal fin has 22 to 27 soft rays (spines); the anal fin has 20 to 23 rays (spines). The fins of pompano may be yellow.

Name Pompano fish
Scientific Name Trachinotus auratus
Common/English Name Florida Pompano, common pompano, Atlantic pompano, Cobblerfish, sunfish, butterfish
Name in Other Languages French: Pampano
German: Gabelmakrele
Italian: Leccia stella
Japanese: Kobanaji
Spanish: Palometa
Greek: Trachínotos (τραχίνωτος)
Chinese: Jiān de yī zhǒng (鲣的一种)
Arabic: nawe min ‘asmak almuhit al’atlinti kthyr alllahm (نوع من أسماك المحيط الأطلنطي كثير اللحم)
Dutch: Pompano
Portuguese: Tipo de peixe
Turkish: Palamut
Hebrew: פומפנו (סוג של דג)
Growing Climate Found in small schools along sloping, sandy beaches, around inlets, and in  brackish bays and estuaries
Belly Golden
Fish Size & Shape Short, deep, and compressed, about 45 cm (18 in)
Fish Color Blue-greenish silver on the dorsal areas and silver to yellow on the body and fins)
Skin Fairly tough and feels a little leathery,
Flesh Color White to off-white
Fish Weight 1.5 kg (3.3 lb)
Taste Mild, succulent-taste
Spawning April and May
Feed on Sand fleas, coquinos, shrimp, small fish and other animals buried in the sand.
Varieties
  • African
  • Cayenne
  • Florida
  • Irish
Lifespan Three to four years
Major Nutrition Selenium, Se 41.2 µg (74.91%)
Isoleucine 0.961 g (57.48%)
Lysine 1.914 g (57.24%)
Tryptophan 0.233 g (52.95%)
Threonine 0.913 g (51.88%)
Valine 1.074 g (50.85%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.598 mg (49.83%)
Histidine 0.613 g (49.76%)
Leucine 1.694 g (45.83%)
Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 1.06 µg (44.17%)
Phosphorus, P 300 mg (42.86%)
Protein 20.85 g (41.70%)
Total Fat (lipid) 10.68 g (30.51%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.344 mg (20.90%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.202 mg (15.54%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.766 mg (15.32%)
Potassium, K 560 mg (11.91%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.132 mg (10.15%)
Calories in 1 fillet (88 g) 186 K cal
 

References:

http://www.clovegarden.com/ingred/sf_pompcz.html

http://www.cport.net/product/view/pompano

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pompano

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_pompano

http://www.fishingdestinguide.com/FISH-POMPANO.html

http://seafood.edf.org/pompano

http://www.seafoodsource.com/seafoodhandbook/finfish/pompano

 

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