Purslane –  Portulaca oleracea Facts

Purslane is a green, leafy vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked. It is known scientifically as Portulaca oleracea, and is also called pigweed, little hogweed, fatweed and pusley. This succulent plant contains about 93% water. It has a taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor compacted soils and drought. It has red stems and small, green leaves. It has a slightly sour or salty taste, similar to spinach and watercress. Purslane is also an all-around healthy food that contains a whole range of health-boosting nutrients, including omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidant vitamins, and minerals. It can be used in many of the same ways as spinach and lettuce, such as in salads or sandwiches.Purslane is often found thriving in the cracks of sidewalks and driveways even during summer’s heat. It often pops up in container gardens, flowerbeds, gardens, fields, waste ground and roadside.

Name Purslane
Scientific Name Portulaca oleracea
Native India and Persia and has spread throughout the world
Common/English Name Common purslane, verdolaga, pigweed, little hogweed, red root, pursley, moss rose, duckweed, fatweed, pussley, wild portulaca, pourpier potager, pourpier gras
Plant Growth Habit Succulent annual trailing plant
Growing Climate Requires relatively less water and soil nutrients and grows well sunny climates.
Soil Thrives in all soil types
Plant Size 40 centimeters (16 in) in height.
Root Taproot with fibrous secondary roots
Stem Very fleshy or watery, smooth, reddish-green to purplish-red, repeatedly branched and often forming circular mats 30-60cm (1-2ft) in diameter or larger.
Leaf Shape & Size Small, oblong, wedge shaped, thick and stalked, clustered together and are between 1/4 inch and 1 inch long, and 1/16 – 1/2 inch wide.
Leaf Color Dark-green
Leaf Taste Slightly sour and salty taste
Flower Small, yellow, solitary or clustered, stalk less, placed above the last leaves on the branches and are up to 6 millimeters (0.24 in) wide
Flowering Season June and July
Pods Small green, egg or pear-shaped seed capsules
Seed Nearly oval, wrinkled, and black with a whitish scar at one end.
Varieties/Types Cupcake Peachy Purslane, Pazzazz Deep Pink Purslane, Pazzazz Salmon Glow Purslane
Major Nutrition Iron, Fe 0.86 mg (10.75%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 9 mg (10.00%)
Magnesium, Mg 29 mg (6.90%)
Manganese, Mn 0.13 mg (5.65%)
Copper, Cu 0.049 mg (5.44%)
Potassium, K 212 mg (4.51%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.048 mg (3.69%)
Calcium, Ca 28 mg (2.80%)
Phosphorus, P 19 mg (2.71%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.031 mg (2.38%)
Health Benefits
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Prevent Headaches including Migraines
  • Child Development
  • Strong Bones
  • Heart Health
  • Vision Booster
  • Speeds up Wound Healing
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Improved Circulation
  • Immunity
  • Weight Loss Aid
  • Skin Conditions
  • Thyroid Glands
Calories in 1cup (43gm) 9 Kcal