Quince Facts

Quince belongs to the exact same botanical family as apples and also pears. The fruit is indigenous to southwest Asia, and was discussed of in Greek and Roman times. It is also developed within Europe and also the USA, even though these types of fruits might be tougher compared to those developed in hotter nations. Consume a quince as you would consume an apple or even pear, poach or even stew, or help make jam or jelly if you have a glut. Due to its unpleasant taste and texture it is difficult to eat raw. Sufficient cooking, however, softens them and brings out the floral aroma they hold deep inside along with a lovely sweetness. The fruit is larger than average apple and bumpy; appear somewhat like large guava, avocado, or as short-necked pear fruit. Its fuzzy surface is smooth as in peaches. Quince fruit weighs about 250-750 g or more in some varieties.

Name Quince
Scientific Name Cydonia oblonga
Native Cydonia oblonga
Common/English Name Apple-shaped Quince, Common Quince, Quince, Quince Seeds, Quince Tree.
Name in Other Languages French : Cognassier
Swedish : Kvitten
Albanian : Ftua
Hebrew : Habush
Arabic : Habbus Safarjal (Seeds)
Hungarian : Birs
Russian : Aiva
Chinese : Wen Po
Iran : Beh
Turkish : Ayva
Lebanon : Sfarjel
Dutch : Japanse Kwee
Persian : Safarjal
Japanese : Marumero
Eastonian : Harilik Küdoonia
Polish : Pigwa
Finnish : Kvitteni
Malta : Gamm Ta’ L-Isfargel
Serbian : Dunja
Czech : Kdouloň
Italian : Cotogno
Spanish : Membrillero
Gaelic : Cainche
Brazil : Marmelo
Greek : Kydoni
Slovašcina : Kutina
India : Behidana (Seeds)
Portuguese : Cidónia
German : Echte Quitte
Danish : Almindelig Kvæde
Norwegian : Kvede
Plant Growth Habit Deciduous, unarmed, perennial shrub or small tree
Growing Climate Warm, sunny, sheltered spot is required as the flowers are susceptible to frost and sun is needed for the fruit to ripen.
Soil Tolerate a range of soil but grow best in a deep, fertile, moisture-retentive soil.
Plant Size 5 to 8 meters (16 to 26 ft.) high and 4 to 6 meters (13 to 20 ft.) wide
Branchlets Purplish red when young, turning purplish brown with age, terete, initially densely tomentose becoming glabrous when old.
Leaf Alternate, petiolate (0.8–1.5 cm long) with caducous, tomentose ovate stipules (Plate 1 ). Lamina is simple, ovate to oblong, 5–10 × 3–5 cm, lower surface pale green with conspicuous veins and densely villous, upper surface dark green glabrous or sparsely pubescent when young, base rounded or subcordate, margin entire, apex acute or emarginate.
Flower 4–5 cm across on tomentose pedicel with caducous, ovate bracts with campanulate hypanthium which is densely tomentose abaxially; sepals 5, ovate or broadly lanceolate, 5–6 mm, longer than hypanthium, both surfaces tomentose, margin glandular serrate, apex acute; petals 5, white or pinkish, 1.8 cm long; stamens less than 1/2 as long as petals. styles nearly as long as stamens, densely villous basally
Fruit Shape & Size Fragrant, pear-shaped, 7 to 12 centimeters (2.8 to 4.7 in) long and 6 to 9 centimeters (2.4 to 3.5 in) across, densely tomentose with persistent reflexed sepals and stout, tomentose fruiting pedicel, 5 mm long. Pulp is firm, fleshy and aromatic.
Fruit Color Light green turning yellow when ripe
Fruit Skin Fuzzy surface
Flesh Color Light yellow, gritty
Flavor/Aroma Intense fruity aroma
Taste Astringent, acidulous taste
Fruit Weight Weighs about 250-750 g or more in some varieties
Varieties/Types
  • Orange
  • Champion
  • Pineapple
  • Angers
  • Smyrna
  • Van Deman
  • Rea
  • Meech
Major Nutrition Selenium, Se 0.6 mg (26.09%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 13.8 mg (15.33%)
Copper, Cu 0.12 mg (13.33%)
Carbohydrate 14.08 g (10.83%)
Iron, Fe 0.64 mg (8.00%)
Total dietary Fiber 1.7 g (4.47%)
Potassium, K 181 mg (3.85%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.037 mg (2.85%)
Phosphorus, P 16 mg (2.29%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.028 mg (2.15%)
Health Benefits
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Weight Loss Aid
  • Anti-inflammatory Properties
  • Treats Ulcers
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Skin Health
  • Blood Pressure Monitor
  • Allergic Reactions
  • Immune System Booster
Calories in 1 Fruit (92 gm) 52 K cal