Red clover facts

Red clover is a perennial plant which has short life span and adapts well to wet, low pH soils. The plants evolve from the crowns. It has hairy and hollow stems as well as branches. It has pinkish to purple flower head which consists of miniature flowers. Red clover is used to cure respiratory problems, whooping cough, eczema, cancer and psoriasis.

Name Red Clover
Scientific Name Trifolium pratense
Native Europe, Western Asia and Northwest Africa but now have naturalized and introduced in various parts of the world.
Common/English Name Beebread, Chilean Clover, Broad-Leaved Clover, Cowgrass Clover, Cow Clover, Early Blooming Clover, King’s Crown, June Clover, Mammoth Red Clover, Mammoth Clover, Meadow Clover, Meadow Trefoil, Meadow Honeysuckle, Multi-Cut Clover, Medium Red Clover, Purple Clover, Peavine Clover, Red Clover, Sweet Kitty Clover, Sweet Clover, Wild Clover
Name in Other Languages Arabic: Barsym ‘Āhamar
Brazil: Trevo Dos Prados
Chinese: Hong San Ye Cao
Czech: Jetel Luční Červený
Danish: Rødkløver
Dutch: Rode Klaver
Eastonian: Aasristik
Esperanto: Trifolio Ruĝa
Finnish: Puna-Apila
French: Trèfl e Commun,
Gaelic: Seamair Dhearg
German: Feldknoppern,
Greek: Trifi lli To Limonio
Hebrew: Tiltan
Hungarian: Lóhere,
Icelandic: Rauðsmari
India (Hindi): Tripatra
Italian: Trifoglio Pratense
Japanese: Aka Tsume Kusa,
Korean: Bulgeuntokkipul
Mexico: Trébol De Los Prados
Norwegian: Sukkertust,
Polish: Koniczyna Czerwona,
Portuguese: Trevo-Comum,
Russian: Klever Lugovoi
Slovašcina: Detelja Črna
Slovencina: Ďatelina Lúčna
Spanish: Trébol Morado,
Swedish: Rödklöve
Taiwan: Hong Shu Cao
Turkish: Yonca
Vietnamese: Ba Chẽ Ðỏ
Welsh: Meillion Coch
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous, pubescent-glabrescent, perennial
Growing Climate Cool
Soil Well-drained, fertile
Plant Size 91 cm
Lifespan 2-3 years
Taproot Branched
Stem Erect-ascending, Height: 6-24 inch
Leaf Alternate, trifoliate, green, ovate-elliptic or obovate; Length: 15-30 mm; Broad: 8-15 mm
Stipules Ovate-lanceolate, Length: one inch
Flowering Season April – November
Flower Globose or ovoid, pink, purple or red; Diameter: 2 ½ to 4 cm
Pod shape Ovoid, egg shaped
Weight 2,72,000 seeds per pound
Taste Slightly sweet
Seed One or two seeds, ovoid, kidney shaped, yellowish-brown
Varieties/Types
  • Medium (double cut)
  • Mammoth (single cut)