Roman berry facts

Rowan berry is a known as wild fruit tree. The fruit resembles the shape of apple which is used for various medicinal and culinary purposes. It is tolerable to various climatic ranges and soil conditions. It has imparipinnate leaves and dark bark with rectangular fissures. The white flowers emerge during Late April to Mid-May. Each fruit contains 2 to 5 seeds. It occasionally lives upto 400 years or more than that. It is related to pear trees and crab apple. They are source of food for the birds such as waxwings. Due to its bitter taste, sugar or other fruits should be added with it. It is also used to prepare wines and juices.

Name Rowan berry
Scientific Name Sorbus domestica
Native Native to Western, Central & Southern Europe, Northwest Africa and Southwest Asia
Common/English Name Beam Tree, Chess Tree, Checker Tree, Service Tree, Sorb Tree, Mountain Ash, Whitty Pear, True Service Tree, cormier, Speierling,
sorveira, serbal común, äppelrönn, rjabina domašnaja
Name in Other Languages Croatian: Oskoruša;
Czech: Oskeruše Domácí;
Danish: Storfrugtetrøn;
Dutch: Peervormige Lijsterbes;
Eastonian: Aedpihlakas;
Finnish: Vaelimeren Pihlaja;
French: Sorbier Domestique;
German: Zahmer Eberesche;
Hungarian: Kerti Berkenye;
Iceland: Berjareynir;
Italian: Sorbo Domestico;
Japanese: Nanakamado;
Polish: Jarzab Domowy;
Portuguese: Sorveira;
Russian: Rjabina Krymskaja;
Slovašcina: Oskoruš;
Slovencina: Oskorušina Mukinja;
Spanish: Sorbo;
Turkish: Üvez
Plant Growth Habit Small, deciduous tree
Growing Climate Cold
Soil Moist
Plant Size Height: 15-20 m; Trunk diameter: 1 m
Lifespan 100 years in wild
Bark Brown, smooth, fissured, flaky
Leaf Imparipinnate, alternately arranged, Length: 15-25 cm; leaflets (3-5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide), oblong to oblanceolate
Flowering Season Late April-Mid May
Flower Hermaphrodite, five creamy white petals, Diameter: 15 mm, Across: 5-10 mm
Fruit shape & size Pome, obovoid or pyriform, apple or pear shaped; Length: 2-3 cm, Diameter: 2 cm
Fruit color Bright orange, red, pink, yellow and white
Fruit Taste Bitter
Fruit Season July-October
Major Nutritions Protein 0.0545 g (0.11%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 0.1675 mg (1.12%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 0.0935 mg (0.10%)
Total Sugars 15 g
Glucose (dextrose) 4.75 g
Fructose 9.8 g
Health Benefits
  • Prevent cancer
  • Enhance immunity
  • Antibacterial agent
  • Supports digestion
  • Respiratory problems
Traditional uses
  • Diuretic
  • Inflammation
  • Digestive ailments
  • Scurvy
  • Constipation
  • Strengthen immune system
  • Diarrhea
  • Diuretic
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
Precautions           
  • Excessive intake could result in queasiness, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, kidney damage and skin rashes.
  • The allergic people to Rowan berries should avoid it.
How to Eat
  • Consumed raw or cooked.
  • Processed into liqueurs, pies, marmalade and beverage.
  • Used as an ingredient for baking cake.
  • Make jams, juices, jellies, fruit wines and other alcoholic drinks.
  • Pickled by cutting it into half.
  • Make tea, dessert and pastries.
  • Enhance the flavor
Other Facts
  • Trees have roundish crown and slender trunk.
  • Flowers attract flies, bees and beetles.
  • Each fruit contain eight seeds.
  • Blackbirds, redwings, thrushes, waxwings and fieldfares help to disperse the seed.
  • Perfect substitute for coffee.
  • Add flavor to the liqueurs and cordials.