Rose Apple facts


Rose-apple-factsA Rose Apple is neither an apple nor a rose. It belongs to the same family of plums, apricots, peaches, cherries, raspberries, pears and almonds. It is a sensitive fruit which get bruises easily. It does better in wet, warm and humid areas with adequate rainfall. The tree bears a fruit about 2 kg after the growth of four years. This fruit is rich in polyphenols, potassium, vitamin C and dietary fiber.

Name Rose Apple
Scientific Name Syzygium aqueum
Native East Indies and Malaya, also cultivated in Ceylon, the Pacific Islands, India and former Indochina.
Common/English Name Bell Fruit, Watery Rose Apple, Water Cherry, Bell Apple, Water Apple
Name in Other Languages Brazil: Jambeiro Aguado, Jambo
Portuguese: D’agua
Chinese: Shui Lian Wu;
Dominican Republic (Spanish): Cajuilito Solimán;
Dutch: Djamboe Aer;
French: Jambosier D’eau, Pomme D’eau;
German: Wasserjambuse, Wachsjambuse;
Aceh: Jambi Raya, Jambi Iye;
Bali: Jambu Er, Njamu Er;
Batak: Jambu Erang, Jambu Aek,
Besemah: Jambu Ayik
Bimba: Jambu Jene,
Bugis: Jambu Saiom, Jambu Salo;
Boeol, Sulawesi, Manado: Takaw;
Ceram, Moluccas, Ambon: Kepet, O’uno;
Kalimantan, Dyak: Kubal;
Gajo: Jambu Airjemerl;
G orontalo: Omuto, Upo;
Halmaheira:  Yarem, Rowane;
Jambi: Jambu Pingping ,
Java: Jambu Air, Jambu Uwer,
Lampong: Jambu Air, Jambu Kelinga;
Lingga: Jambu Bertih;
Madurese: Jambhu Wir;
Makassar: Jambu Jene;
Malay, Bengkoelen: Jambu Keling;
Manado: Gora;
Minangkabau:  Jambu Aye;
Nias: Samba;
Oelias: Rutu Putio, Jambu Waelo;
Papua: Purori, Ansahmoh,;
Sangir: Compose;
Sawoe: Wo Luba Kume;
Singkep: Jambu Aer;
Serawaj: Jambu Ayak;
Solor: Bluwo, Bluwa;
Sulawesi, Moluccas: Kebes, Kouoa;
Sundanese: Jambu Air;
Ternate: Gora Yadi ;
Tidore: Yadi;
Toraja:  Jambu, Wua Usa;
Japanese: Mizu Renbu;
Malaysia: Jambu Chili, Jambu Ayer;
Papua New Guinea: Lal Lau;
Philippines (Bisaya): Tambis;
Spanish: Manzana De Agua, Perita Costena;
Suriname: Pommerak;
Thai: Machomphu-Pa, Chom Pu Pa
Plant Growth Habit Tropical, evergreen, low
Growing Climate Warm and humid climates with adequate rainfall
Soil Well-drained
Plant Size 3–10 m
Bark Flaky brown
Branchlets Wide spreading
Stem 30 cm
Leaf Narrow and glossy
Edible parts of the plants Fruits: consumed as fruit salad or made pickle
Leaves: used to wrap fermented sticky rice
Flowering Season Midsummer (from June- August)
Flower Greenish-white or creamy-white, Width: 2 to 4 in (5-10 cm), Diameter: 7.5-10 cm
Fruit shape & size Bell-shaped, length: 5–8 cm
Fruit color Pink-red
Flesh color White
Fruit peel Thin with smooth texture
Flavor/aroma Not tart, simply aromatic
Fruit Taste Mild sweet
Seed 1 or 2, grey in color
Varieties/Types Java Rose Apple, Malay Rose Apple, Jambu, Water Rose Apple
Fruit Season Early winter to Late fall
Major Nutritions Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)22.3 mg (24.78%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.8 mg (5.00%)
Carbohydrate 5.7 g (4.38%)
Total dietary Fiber 1.5 g (3.95%)
Calcium, Ca 29 mg (2.90%)
Potassium, K 123 mg (2.62%)
Vitamin A 17 µg (2.43%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.03 mg (2.31%)
Copper, Cu 0.016 mg (1.78%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.02 mg (1.67%)
Manganese, Mn 0.029 mg (1.26%)
Protein  0.6 g (1.20%)
Magnesium, Mg 5 mg (1.19%)
Phosphorus, P 8 mg (1.14%)
Iron, Fe 0.07 mg (0.88%)
Calories in 1cup (100 g) 25 Kcal.
Health Benefits
  • Fights Free Radical Damage
  • Reduced Risk of Stroke
  • Boost good HDL Cholesterol
  • Prevent Diabetes
  • Prevent Constipation
  • Prevent muscle cramping
  • Skin Health
Traditional uses
  • A decoction made from astringent bark is used in folkloric medicine of Malaysia to treat thrush.
  • In the childbirth ceremony, it is served as a salad.
  • In India, it is used to boost the liver and brain functions.
  • Rose Apple is undoubtedly a stimulant for the brain and liver in India.
  • The sweetened prepared from the flowers used to reduce fever.
  • The sore eyes and rheumatism is cured with the decoction made from the leaves.
  • Dysentery, diarrhea and catarrh are treated with the seeds.
  • The infusion of roasted and powdered seeds is used to treat diabetes in Nicaragua.
  • Rose Apple is believed to contain the pain-killer properties in Colombia.
  • Epilepsy is treated with the use of root by the Cuban people.
  • The rose Apple preparations possess high risk of toxicity.
  • The roots and seeds are also poisonous.
  • Hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid) is present in the stems, leaves and roots in the numerous amounts which could be harmful to the body.
How to Eat
  • It could be eaten raw.
  • People preserve Rose Apples in the form of jellies and jams.
  • It is also added to the desserts.
  • It is used in the preparation of sauce or fruit syrup.
Other Facts
  • Rose apples highly perishable and easily bruised.
  • It is non-climacteric.
  • The trees of Rose Apple bloom as well as fruit less in summer.
  • 2 kg (5 lbs.) fruit is yield by the matured rose apple tree.
  • Rose Apple enhances the liver and brain.
  • The fruit acts as a stimulant for the liver and brain.
  • The fruit infusion performs as a diuretic.

Rose Apple (Syzygium aqueum)Scientific Classification

Scientific name Syzygium aqueum
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta
Order Myrtales
Family Myrtaceae
Genus Syzygium
Species S. aqueum
Super division Spermatophyta
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Sub Class Magnoliidae