Roselle Facts

Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus native to West Africa, used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion, in which it may be known as carcade. It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub, growing to 2–2.5 m (7–8 ft) tall. The leaves are deeply three- to five-lobed, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long, arranged alternately on the stems. It is a shrub-like tropical annual that is also known as red sorrel, Flor de Jamaica, Jamaican sorrel, sour-sour and Florida cranberry. Botanically named Hibiscus sabdariffa, it is a member of the Mallow family and exhibits the characteristic five petal, funnel-shaped flower. Many parts of roselle including seeds, leaves, fruits and roots are used in various foods. Among them, the fleshy red calyces are the most popular.

Name Roselle
Scientific Name Hibiscus sabdariffa
Native Native to Africa
Common/English Name Florida Cranberry, Guinea Sorrel, Hibiscus, Indian Sorrel, Jamaican Sorrel, Jamaica tea fl ower, Java Jute, Jelly Okra, Karkadé, Natal Sorrel, Nubia tea, Pink Lemonade, Queensland Jelly Plant, Red Sorrel, Red Tea, Rosella, Roselle, Royal Roselle, Rozelle, Rozelle Hemp, Sorrel, Sour-Sour
Name in Other Languages Finnish : Malvatee
Senegal : Dakumu ( Bambara )
Botswana : Karkadeh
Samoan : Uaina
Russian : Роселла
Burkina Faso : Bito (Mooré)
Japanese : Rohzelu
Burmese : Chin Baung
Khmer : Slok Chuu
Togo : Anyagha ( Ewé)
Cameroon : Folere ( Fulfulde )
Malaysia : Asam Belanda
Dutch : Amerikaansch Zuur
Sierra Leone : Sour Sour ( Krio )
Egypt : Karkade
Gabon : Bo-Kolo ( Eviya )
Niger : Bissap
Tanzania : Rozi ( Ngindo )
Gambia : Wonjo
Panama : Saril
Mexico : Flor De Jamaica
Vietnam : Bụp Giấm
German : Afrikanische Malve
Nepalese : Blechanda
Ghana : Bissap
Switzerland : Karkadé
Guinea Conakry : Folere Boleyo
Turkish : Afrika Bamyası
Polish : Hibiskus Szczawiowy
Hungarian : Hibiszkuszvirág
Uganda : Musayi
Angola : Tetia ( Ganguela )
India : Chukiar
Nigeria : Yakuwa
Indonesia : Gamet Walanda
Sudan : Karkade
Italian : Ibisco
Africa : Ufuta
Thailand : Krachiap-Daeng
Laotian : Som Phor Dee
Zambia : Lumanda
Chinese : Mei Gui Qie
Madagascar : Divay
Central African Republic : Kokpo ( Banda )
Mali : Anjukooro
Spanish : Acedera De Guinea
Arabic : Bissap
Portuguese : Azeda De Guiné
Myanmar : Chin Baung
Swedish : Hibiskus
Congo : Abuya
Namibia : Omutete
Guinea Bissau : Baquitche
Nicaragua : Hamaiga
French : Karkadé
Norwegian : Hibisk
Danish : Hibiscus
Philippines : Roselle
Brazil : Caruru-Azedo
Popular Republic of Congo : Bakoumou
Iran : Chaye-Torosh
Caribbean : Sorelle
Paraguay : Grosella
Benin : Bissap
Plant Growth Habit Broad-leaved, erect and branched annual herb
Growing Climate Prefers a warm and humid tropical climate and is susceptible to damage from frost and fog. It prefers full sun as it is not shade tolerant.
Soil Does best in a well-drained, friable sandy loam soil rich in humus but is adaptable on many soils types— from sandy to clayey soils and can tolerate short periods of flooding.
Plant Size 2–2.5 m (7–8 ft) tall
Root Deep penetrating tap root
Stem Bulbous, smooth or nearly smooth, cylindrical, typically red stems with spiny hairs.
Leaf Alternate, 3 to 5 in (7.5-12.5 cm) long, green with reddish veins and long or short petioles. Leaves of young seedlings and upper leaves of older plants are simple; lower leaves are deeply 3- to 5- or even 7-lobed; the margins are toothed.
Flower Axillary, solitary, predominantly yellow and red, regular, pedicellate; epicalyx of about 12 reddish bracts, connate at base, 10–12 mm long; calyx 15–30 mm long (enlarging in fruit to 40 mm), 5 reddish, large, accrescent, fleshy sepals, all sepals fused at base.
Fruit Shape & Size Dehiscent, 5-valved, non-fleshy, bright red ovoid capsule, 18–20 mm long by 15–18 mm wide.
Fruit Color Green when young and turns into bright Red as they mature.
Taste Tart fruity similar to cranberry, rhubarb and red currant.
Seed 3 to 4 kidney-shaped, light-brown seeds, 3-5 mm long and covered with minute stout and stellate hairs.
Varieties
  • Rico
  • Victor
  • Archer
Major Nutrition Calcium, Ca 123 mg (12.30%)
Iron, Fe 0.84 mg (10.50%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 6.8 mg (7.56%)
Magnesium, Mg 29 mg (6.90%)
Carbohydrate 6.45 g (4.96%)
Phosphorus, P 21 mg (3.00%)
Potassium, K 119 mg (2.53%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.016 mg (1.23%)
Vitamin A, RAE 8 µg (1.14%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.177 mg (1.11%)
Health Benefits
  • Treatment of the Common Cold
  • Prevents constipation
  • Weakness
  • Healthy Pregnancy
  • Maintains Healthy Teeth and Gums
Calories in 1 cup (57 gm) 28 K cal