Rosemary Facts

Rosemary is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs. The name “rosemary” derives from the Latin for ‘dew’ (ros) and ‘sea’ (marinus), or ‘dew of the sea’. The plant is also sometimes called anthos, from the ancient Greek word ἄνθος, meaning “flower”. It is closely related to lavender, oregano and basil and just like them – it is often used as spice. Rosemary can be used for the preparation of salty and sweet dishes. Besides for cooking, rosemary is widely used in cosmetics and medicine. Rosemary is often cultivated for ornamental purposes.

Name Rosemary
Scientific Name Rosmarinus officinalis
Native South of France and other Mediterranean regions
Common/English Name Polar plant, compass-weed, or compass plant.
Name in Other Languages English: common rosemary
Mexico: guixi cicanaca yala-rillaa
Spanish: romero
Netherlands: rozemarijn
French: incensier
Turkey: biberiye
Middle East: iklil
Chinese: mi die xiang
Portuguese: rosmaninho
Germany: Garten- Rosmarin
Sweden: rosmarin
Haiti: lonmarin
Russian Federation: biberiye
India: rasmari
Portugal: alecrim
Italy: osmarini
Philippines: dumero
Japan: mannenrû
Plant Growth Habit Evergreen perennial bush
Growing Climate Open, sunny position with good drainage
Soil Thrive in a light, well-drained, average garden soil
Plant Size 1.5-3 meters in height.
Root Deep, woody taproot
Stem Indistinctly quadrangular, finely grey pubescent.
Leaf Shape and Size Usually 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, narrow, needle-like aromatic leaves;
Leaf Color Upper side of leaves is darker green in color. Lower side is grayish in color with dense, short, woolly hair.
Leaf Flavor Bold flavor
Leaf Taste Warmer, bitter, and more astringent taste
Flower Produces small white, purple, pink or blue flowers depending to the climate.
Flowering Season April to June and often again from September
Seed Two tiny seeds
Varieties/Types
  • Frost Hardy Rosemary
  • White Rosemary
  • Trailing Rosemary
  • Pine Scented Rosemary
  • Majorca Pink Rosemary
  • Tuscan Blue Rosemary
  • Common Rosemary
  • Prostrate Rosemary
  • Spice Island Rosemary
  • Blue Boy Rosemary
  • Salem Rosemary
Major Nutrition Iron, Fe 0.11 mg (1.38%)
Manganese, Mn 0.016 mg (0.70%)
Copper, Cu 0.005 mg (0.56%)
Total dietary Fiber 0.2 g (0.53%)
Calcium, Ca 5 mg (0.50%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 2 µg (0.50%)
Magnesium, Mg 2 mg (0.48%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.006 mg (0.46%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 0.4 mg (0.44%)
Total Fat (lipid) 0.1 g (0.29%)
Health Benefits
  • Skin Health
  • Anti-Inflammatory Qualities
  • Breathe Freshener
  • Stimulate Blood Flow
  • Migraine Aid
  • Pain Relief
  • Memory Booster
  • Stomach Soother
  • Mood and Stress
  • Antibacterial Potential
  • Immune System Strength
  • Detoxify the Body
Calories in 1 tbsp (1.7 g) 2 K cal