Sea Buckthorn Facts

Hippophae rhamnoides commonly known as Sea Buckthorn plant is actually a rare species of fruit from family Elaeagnaceae and Hippophae genus and is native to Europe and Asia. The plant is used for soil and wildlife conservation but also produces some tasty, tart (but citrusy) berries high in nutrient value. Also called Seaberry plants, Buckthorn has many species, but they all bear common characteristics. It is a unique and valuable multipurpose species currently being cultivated in various parts of the world, including Canada.  Sea buckthorn is actually dioecious, with separate male and female plants. The male produces brownish flowers which produce wind-distributed pollen. The female plants produce orange berries 6–9 mm (0.24–0.35 in) in diameter, soft, juicy, and rich in oils. It has a remarkable lifespan of 100 to 150 years.

Name Sea buckthorn
Scientific Name Hippophae rhamnoides
Native Native over a wide area of Europe and Asia.
Common/English Name Sandthorn, sallowthorn, seaberry
Name in Other Languages Danish: Havtorn
Netherlands: Duindoorn
Finnish: Tyrni
Spanish: Espino armarillo
German: Sanddorn
Swedish: Havtorn
Norwegian: Tindved
Italy: Garra
Russian Federation: Siberian pineapple
French: Argasse
Plant Growth Habit Medium-sized, hardy, growing deciduous tree-like shrub
Growing Climate Found along riversides, in mountainous areas, and in sandy and gravel ground
Soil Found growing profusely on a wide range of soil types, but does better in soils with a light physical structure, rich in nutrient compounds. Best growth occurs in deep, well drained, sandy loam with ample organic matter.
Plant Size 0.5–6 meters (1.6–19.7 ft.) tall, rarely up to 10 meters (33 ft.) in central Asia
Lifespan 100 to 150 years.
Bark Brown or black thick and rough bark.
Branch Dense and stiff branches
Leaf Leaf arrangement can be alternate or opposite. Distinct green at the top, and silver-ash green on the underside, lanceolate, 3–8 cm (1.2–3.1 in) long, and less than 7 mm (0.28 in) broad.
Flower Very small yellowish pistolate flowers
Flowering Season April to mid-May.
Fruit Shape & Size Pearl-shaped clustered berries 6–9 mm (0.24–0.35 in) in diameter, soft, juicy, and rich in oils.
Fruit Color Yellowish-orange
Fruit Taste Oily, bitter, sour, tart and astringent
Seed One bony, ovoid seed.
Varieties/Types
  • Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Hippophae salicifolia
  • Hippophae goniocarpa
  • Hippophae gyantsensis
  • Hippophae litangensis
  • Hippophae neurocarpa
  • Hippophae tibetana
Season August to October.
Health Benefits
  • Stomach Health
  • Vision Health
  • Brain health
  • Cancer Treatment
  • Aging Process
  • Diabetes Control
  • Vitamin C Boost
  • Circulation