Sesbania – Sesbania grandiflora Facts

Sesbania which is also known as Grandiflora, Hummingbird Tree is a small, open-branched, perennial tree native to south Asia and Southeast Asia with possibly Indonesia and is found growing under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive and grow well in wide range of soils including saline, alkaline soils and acidic soils. It is nutrients dense vegetable that is acrid, bitter, and astringent in taste and is used in number of food items since ancient times.

Name Sesbania
Scientific Name Sesbania grandiflora
Native South Asia and Southeast Asia with possibly Indonesia
Common/English Name Agathi, Agati Sesbania, August Flower, Australian Corkwood Tree, Corkwood Tree, Flamingo Bill, Grandiflora, Hummingbird Tree, Scarlet Wisteria Tree, Sesban, Sesbania, Swamp Pea, Tiger Tongue, Vegetable-Hummingbird, West Indian Pea, West Indian Pea Tree, White Dragon Tree
Name in Other Languages Persian : Sīsabān
Arabic : Saysabān
Vietnamese : So Ðũa
Burmese : Pauk-Pan
German : Kolibribaum
Chamorro : Caturay
Sri Lanka : Katurumurunga Kolle
Khmer : Ângkiëdèi
Creole Patois : Pwa Valet
Palauan : Katurai
Dutch : Agati
Caribbean : Colibri Vegetal
Hawaiian : Ohai Ke‘Oke‘O
India : Bak Phool ( Assamese )
Spanish : Baculo
Indonesia : Bunga Turi
Portuguese : Agasto
Chinese : Ta-Hua
Japanese : Agachi
Slovakian : Sezbánia Veľkokvetá
Korean : A Ga Ti
Czech : Sesbánie Velkokvětá
Nepali : Agasti
Tahitian : Afai
French : Agati A Grandes Fleurs
Russian : Sesbania Krupnotsvetkovaia
Malaysia : Turi
Samoan : Sepania
Philippines : Diana ( Bagobo )
Thailand : Khae Daeng ( Chiang Mai )
Laotian : Kh’ê: Kha:W
Tibetan : A Ga Sta
Plant Growth Habit Small, open-branched, unarmed, perennial tree
Growing Climate Thrives under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive.
Soil Wide range of soils including those that are poor and waterlogged. It tolerates saline and alkaline soils and has some tolerance to acidic soils
Plant Size 15m tall and 25-30 cm in diameter;
Root Heavily nodulated with large nodules.
Trunk 30 cm
Branches Drooping branches
Bark Light gray, corky and deeply furrowed and the wood are soft and white.
Leaf Glaucous, deep green, pinnately compound to 30 cm long with 20–40 pairs of opposite to alternate leaflets
Leaflets Oblong, to elliptical, obtuse apex, about 2–3 cm long.
Flower Shape & Size Quite large, 7–9 cm long, corolla with standard and wings, staminal tube and glabrous ovary and style
Flower Color White or deep pink to red
Flower Taste Acrid, bitter, and astringent
Pods Pendent, slender, long (20-60 cm) and thin (6-9 mm) with broad sutures, cylindric, green, indehiscent containing 15–50 seeds.
Seed Beanlike, elliptical, red brown, 6-8 in a pod, 3.5 mm, each weighting 1 g.
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 14.6 mg (16.22%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 20 µg (5.00%)
Iron, Fe 0.17 mg (2.13%)
Selenium, Se 0.2 mg (1.82%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.017 mg (1.42%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.016 mg (1.23%)
Carbohydrate 1.35 g (1.04%)
Tryptophan 0.004 g (0.91%)
Phosphorus, P 6 mg (0.86%)
Isoleucine 0.014 g (0.84%)
Health Benefits
  • Lower blood pressure and help keep arteries flexible
  • Supports normal fetal development
  • Beneficial for skin
  • Boosts immunity
  • Prevents Alzheimer’s disease
  • Migraine
  • Weakness
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 5 Kcal