Sisymbrium facts

The leaves are pinnately lobed and are upto 15 to 20cm long along with large terminal lobe. The plant is coarse and hairy. A mature plant grows upto 60 to 70 cm high. It has annual lifespan and has upright stems. The yellow flowers are small and form on the tips of the flower stems. The plant produce slender, cylindrical, two celled pods which are about 60-100 mm long. It could be found on the wasteland and roadsides as well as arable land.

Name Sisymbrium
Scientific Name Sisymbrium officinale
Native Native to Europe, Mediterranean but is available in European countries, North Africa and Southeast Asia.
Common/English Name Hedge mustard, Oriental mustard, Tumbling mustard, Indian hedge mustard, Wild mustard, Oriental rocket mustard, Oriental rocket, Mustard, Common hedge mustard, Erysimum, English water cress, Erísimo, Thalictroc, Erysimum officinale, Erysimum, Moutarde des Haies, Herbe au Chanvre, Sisymbre, Singer’s Plant, Sisymbre Officinal, St. Barbara’s Hedge Mustard, Sisymbrium officinale, Vélar Officinal, Vélar, Tansy Mustard, Menzies’ tansymustard, Western tansymustard, Tall hedge mustard, Jim Hill mustard, Tall rocket, Tall mustard, Tall tumblemustard, Tall sisymbrium, Tumble mustard, Smooth mustard, Tumbleweed mustard, Rocket mustard,London rocket, Hairy hedge mustard, Hedgeweed, Hedge tumblemustard, Wild mustard, Small Tumble-mustard, Loesel’s Tumble-mustard, Sisymbrium luteum
Name in Other Languages Jim Hill mustard:
Chinese: da suan jie;
French: moutarde, sisymbre élevé, moutarde roulante, sisymbre fausse;
Spanish: mostaza, hembra jaramago;

London rocket:
Chinese: shui suan jie;
French: sisymbre irio, vélaret;
Spanish: eskorbut-bedarra, matacandil, jaramago, nabillo, mostacilla, rabanillo;

Hedge mustard:
Chinese: zuan guo da suan jie;
French: herbe aux chantres, velar, sisymbre officinal;
Japanese: kakine-garashi;|
Spanish: erisimo oficinal, hierba de la sabiduría, erísmo, hierba de San Alberto,hierba de los cantores, mostacilla

Plant Growth Habit Erect, herbaceous plant
Plant Size 1-3.5 ft.
Lifespan Annual
Stem Erect, hairy, light green-purplish green
Leaf Egg shaped, oblong-lanceolate; Length: 3-8 inches; Width: 1-3 inch
Flowering Season July-September
Flower Four yellow petals; Diameter: 3-6 mm; Length: 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 inch)
Fruit shape & size Capsule; Length: 0.5- 1.0 inch; straight or curved, glabrous, terete
Seed Cylindrical, flattened, reddish brown, Length: 1 mm
Varieties/Types
  • Tansy Mustard
  • Jim Hill mustard
  • Tumble Mustard
  • Smooth mustard
  • London rocket
  • Hairy hedge mustard
  • Sisymbrium luteum
Major Nutritions Calcium, Ca 1208 mg (120.80%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 12.45 mg (77.81%)
Magnesium, Mg 232 mg (55.24%)
Manganese, Mn 1.119 mg (48.65%)
Tryptophan 0.197 g (44.77%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.576 mg (44.31%)
Potassium, K 1576 mg (33.53%)
Carbohydrate 43.11 g (33.16%)
Threonine 0.51 g (28.98%)
Isoleucine 0.481 g (28.77%)
Health Benefits
  • Healthy bones
  • Reduce cholesterol
  • Prevent cramps
  • Lowers inflammation
  • Cardiac ailments
  • Stroke
  • Eye problems
  • Immunity power
  • Muscle health
  • Increase stamina
Calories in 1 cup (74 gm) 235 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • The plant infusion cures the throat ailments.
  • The plant is considered to possess antiaphonic, expectorant, diuretic, stomachic and laxative properties.
  • It treats voice loss.
  • It is an antidote for poisons.
  • It cures weak lungs and hoarseness.
  • The flowers and juice is a cure for stomach problems and bronchitis.
  • It lowers the chances of scurvy.
  • The poultice soothes the toothache pain.
  • An infusion is used as a wash for sores.
  • The seeds are used to clear the foreign particles from eyes.
Precautions       
  • The children and heart patients should not use it.
  • The flowering tops could lead to harmful effects.
  • It is not safe for sensitive peoples, pregnancy and breast feeding women.
  • High use results in heart disease.
  • Side effects include vomiting, irregular heartbeat, diarrhea and headache.
How to Eat
  • Young shoots are cooked or eaten raw.
  • It enhances the flavor of salads.
  • Grounded seeds are used to add flavor to soups.
  • Young leaves are used in salads, sauces, soups and omelets.
  • It is mostly used as a condiment.
  • The leaves are cooked as leaf vegetable.
  • Seeds are used to make mustard pastes.
  • It is used in potherb.