Soybean – Glycine max Facts

Soybean, soya bean, or soy pea, leguminous plant (Glycine max,G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been cultivated as a principal crop for at least 5,000 years. There are over 2,500 varieties in cultivation, producing beans of many sizes, shapes, and colors. As a crop, soybeans are high in yield and easy to harvest; they grow well wherever corn is cultivated.

Name Soybean
Scientific Name Glycine max
Native Glycine max
Common/English Name Green pod – Edame
Seed – Green Soybean, Soja bean, Soy, Soy bean, Soybean, SoyabeanSprouts – Bean Sprouts, Seed Sprouts, Soyabean sprouts
Name in Other Languages French : Haricot Soja
Spanish : Frijol De Soya
Arabic : Fûl Sûyah
Latvian : Sarmataine Soja
Belarusan : Soya Shchatzinistaya
Esperanto : Sojfabo
Slovencina : Sója Fazuľová
Burmese : Lasi
Polish : Soja
Croatian : Soja
Thai : Thua Lueang
Italian : Fava Soja
Danish : Sojabønne
Mong : Tarimal Sharbuurtzag
Eastonian : Karvane Sojauba
Romanian : Soia
Brazil : Soja
Finnish : Soijapapu
Malaysia : Kacang Bulu
Galician : Soia
Hungarian : Kultúrszója
India : Gari Kalai ( Bengali )
Sri Lanka : Boo Mae ( Sinhala )
Czech : Sója Luštinatá
Indonesia : Kacang Bulu
Swiss : Sojabona
Vietnamese : Dâu Nành
Philippines : Balatong
Japanese : Daizu
Swedish : Sojaböna
Azerbaijan : Ekme Soya
Laotian : Thwàx Khôn
Chinese : Da Dou
Lithuanian : Gauruotoji Soja
Slovašcina : Soja Navadna
Moldavian : Soe Mare
Dutch : Soja Hispada
Turkish : Çin Lubyasi
Norwegian : Soyabønne
Taiwan : Mao Dou
German : Fettbohne
Portuguese : Soja
Khmer : Sândaèk Sieng
Russian : Glitzine Krupneishaya
Korean : Kong
Tibetan : Rgya-Sran
Plant Growth Habit Erect, coarse, bushy, annual, herb
Growing Climate Intolerant of excessive heat and severe winters
Soil Wide range of soils, with optimum growth in moist, fertile, well drained, alluvial soils with a good organic content.
Plant Size 0.2–1.8 m tall
Leaf Alternate, pinnately trifoliolate, borne on 2–20 cm long petioles, stipules broadly ovate, 3–7 mm long, acuminate
Leaflets 1.5–4 mm petiolules, papery, broadly ovate, sub-orbicular, or elliptic-lanceolate, 5–12 × 2.5–8 cm, base broadly cuneate or rounded
Flower Small, bisexual, papilionaceous; calyx tubular with 2 upper and 3 lower lobes, setose, persistent; corolla, 4.5– 10 mm, purple, pale purple, pink or white;
Pods Succulent, pendant, oblong, slightly curved, 3–15 cm by 1–1.5 cm, dehiscent, silky hairy
Seed Shape Ovoid to sub-globose, smooth, 1- × 5–8 mm
Seed Color Yellow, green, brown or black or blotched and mottled, with distinct, elliptic hilum
Flavor/aroma Grassy or beany flavor.
Seed September and October
Varieties/Types Agate Soybean, Amasoy Soybean, An Dunscaja Soybean, Bei Liang 11 Soybean, Belakaya Soybean, Black Pearl Soybean, Blackeye Soybean, Brun Matif Rouest Soybean, Dieckman Black Soybean, Ezonishiki Soybean, Flambeau Soybean, Geant Vert Soybean, Fledderjohn Soybean
Major Nutrition Iron, Fe 9.09 mg (113.63%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 422 µg (105.50%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 1.114 mg (92.83%)
Tryptophan 0.402 g (91.36%)
Isoleucine 1.459 g (87.26%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 74.2 mg (82.44%)
Threonine 1.321 g (75.06%)
Histidine 0.891 g (72.32%)
Phosphorus, P 497 mg (71.00%)
Valine 1.475 g (69.84%)
Protein 33.15 g (66.30%)
Leucine 2.371 g (64.15%)
Manganese, Mn 1.4 mg (60.87%)
Lysine 1.984 g (59.33%)
Calcium, Ca 504 mg (50.40%)
Total Fat (lipid) 17.41 g (49.74%)
Magnesium, Mg 166 mg (39.52%)
Copper, Cu 0.328 mg (36.44%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.448 mg (34.46%)
Potassium, K 1587 mg (33.77%)
Total dietary Fiber 10.8 g (28.42%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 4.224 mg (26.40%)
Zinc, Zn 2.53 mg (23.00%)
Carbohydrate 28.29 g (21.76%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.166 mg (12.77%)
Health Benefits
  • Prevention of Breast and Prostate Cancer
  • Heart Health
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Metabolic Activity
  • Circulation and Oxygenation
  • Alleviation of Menopausal Symptoms
  • Birth Defects
  • Bone Health
  • Healthy Weight Gain
  • Diabetes
  • Digestive Health
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 376 Kcal