Star fruit Facts

Star apple also known as Caimito, Golden Leaf Tree, and Milk Fruit is an evergreen tree 25 to 75 feet high, and are considered by wonderful evergreen foliage. The fruit has the size and appearance of a small apple and is regularly 6-10 celled, so that when halved the inside of the fruit is star-shaped. In color it is pale green, blue or purple. The pulp has a jelly-like consistency, and when fully ripe, a rich, yet delicate flavor. The tree produces a very popular fruit as well as having a wide range of local medicinal uses and a good quality wood. It is widely cultivated in tropical regions for its fruit; and is often grown as an ornamental garden fruit crop. As an ornamental it is mainly appreciated for its foliage, which is bright blue-green above and coppery beneath, making an attractive contrast when stirred by the wind.

Name Star apple
Scientific Name Chrysophyllum cainito
Native Native to the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean.
Common/English Name Caimito, Golden Leaf Tree, Milk Fruit, Satin Leaf, Star apple, Star Plum, West Indian Star Apple, Abiaba, Cainito, pomme de lait, estrella, aguay
Name in Other Languages Argentina : Aguay, Olivoa;
Barbados : Star Plum;
Belize : Damsel;
Bolivia : Caimitero, Murucuja;
Brazil : Caimito;
Burmese : Hnin-Thagya;
Chinese : Hsing-P’ing-Kuo, Xing-Ping-Guo;
Columbia : Caimo, Caimo Morado (Purple Variety), Caimito Maduraverde (Green Variety);
Cook Islands : Urua‘Eke ( Maori );
Creole : Bon Kaymit, Gran Kaymit, Kaymit Fèy Dò, Kaymit Fran, Kaymit Jaden;
Cuba : Caimito Blanco, Caimito Morado ( Spanish );
Czech : Zlatolist Obecný;
Danish : Stjerneæble;
Dutch : Sterappel;
Eastonian : Harilik Kuldlehik;
El Salvador : Guayabillo;
French : Bon Caïmite, Caimite, Caïmite Des Jardins, Caïmite Franche, Caïmitier, Caïmitier À Feuilles D’or, Grand Caïmite;
French Guiana : Caimite, Jaune D’oeuf, Pai- Caillemit ( Creole ), Macoucou;
French West Indies : Buis, Pomme Surette;
German : Sternapfel;
Haiti : Caimitier, Caimitier A Feuilles D’or, Pied Caimite;
India : Tarsiphala (Marathi) ;
Indonesia : Sawo Kadu ( Bantam ), Sawo Doeren ( Malay ), Sao Ijo ( Java) , Sao Doeren, Sao Hejo (Sundanese );
Japanese: Hoshi ringo, Kaimito, Kainitto, Miruku furuutsu, Suisougaki, Sutaa appuru
Laotian : Namz Nom;
Malaysia : Pepulut, Sawu Duren;
Palauan : Kaimito;
Peru : Camito;
Philippines : Caymito ( Bisaya ), Cauje, Caimitoro Estrella ( Spanish ), Kaymito ( Tagalog);
Portuguese : Ajara, Cainito;
Russian: Zevezdnoe iabloko, Chrizofillum
Samoan : Pipi O’Eva;
Spanish : Caimito, Caimitoro, Estrella, Mamey;
Singapore : Chicle Durian;
Sri Lanka : Maduraverde ( Sinhales e);
Surinam : Apra, Goudblad Boom, Sterappel;
Thai : Sataa Appoen, Numnom;
Trinidad : Caimite, Kaimit;
Tobago : Caimite, Kaimit;
Vietnam : Vu-Sua;
Virgin Islands : Cainit.
Plant Growth Habit Evergreen erect tree
Growing Climate Warm, humid atmosphere with relatively high temperatures throughout the year.
Soil Adapted to fertile, well-drained soils, including the low and high-pH sandy soils and the high-pH, rocky, calcareous soils found in south Florida.
Plant Size 8–20 m tall
Bark Bark surface is rough, irregularly fissured, brown and exude a white gummy latex
Trunk Straight, cylindrical, but often fluted or spurred at the base; and 60 cm diameter
Leaf Alternate, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 5–15 cm long, slightly leathery, rich green and glossy on the upper surface, and coated with persistent reddish-brown silky indumentum on the underside when mature imparting a golden bronze color to the underside, although they are silvery when young.
Flower Bisexual, fasciculate with 5–35 clustered, small and inconspicuous, yellowish-white flowers. Calyx is 5-lobed; lobes are ovate with obtuse to rounded apex and hairy within. Corolla is 5-lobed with ovate and glabrous lobes. Stamens 5 with deltoid filaments and ovoid anthers.
Flowering Season August to October
Fruit Shape & Size Obovoid-globose or oblate berry, 5–10 cm in diameter,
Fruit Color Green turning yellowish-green  or purplish-green or purple
Fruit Skin Thick, leathery, smooth surfaced, somewhat glossy, dull purple in some varieties, light green in others.
Flesh Color White and soft, jellylike flesh and a gummy latex.
Taste Sweet and coconutty.
Seed 3–10, flattened obovoid, about 2 cm × 1 cm × 0.5 cm, purplish-black, with a chartaceous testa and an adaxial scar.
Varieties/Types
  • Green star apple
  • Purple star apple
Major Nutrition Carbohydrate 14.65 g (11.27%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 9.1 mg (10.11%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.137 mg (7.11%)
Iron, Fe 0.49 mg (6.13%)
Total dietary Fiber 1.92 g (5.05%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.049 mg (4.08%)
Protein 1.52 g (3.04%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.038 mg (2.92%)
Phosphorus, P 18.95 mg (2.71%)
Calcium, Ca 12.35 mg (1.24%)
Health Benefits
  • Digestive Health
  • Lose Weight
  • Control Diabetes
  • Antioxidants
  • Rich in Vitamin C
  • Bone Health
  • Prevent Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Medicinal Drugs
Calories in (100 gm) 67.2 K cal