Sweet Pepper – Capsicum annuum Facts

Sweet Pepper is a small, branched, mostly erect, annual or perennial herbaceous shrub that prefers deep, well-structured, fertile, well drained, friable, sandy loam to grow well. It has mild, sweet flavor and wonderful taste which is brilliant for almost all food items around the world. Apart from its health promoting benefits it is found used in several traditional medicines since ancient times. It is a miraculous vegetable native to central and South America and is extended throughout the world due to its amazing health benefits.

Name Sweet peppers
Scientific Name Capsicum annuum
Native Central and South America
Common/English Name African Pepper, Bell Pepper, Capsicum Pepper, Cayenne, Cayenne Pepper, Cherry Pepper, Chili, Chili Pepper, Chilli, Chilly Pepper, Chitlepin, Christmas Pepper, Cone Pepper, Green Capsicum, Green Pepper, Halapenos, Hungarian Pepper, Jalapeno Pepper, Long Pepper, Mississippi Sport Pepper, Numex, Ornamental Pepper, Paprika, Pimento Pepper, Pod Pepper, Red Cone Pepper, Red Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Wrinkled Pepper.
Name in Other Languages Tajik : Qalamfur
Afrikaans : Rissie
Malaysia : Cabai
Albanian : Specë
Nepal : Bhede Khursani
Arabic : Fulful Baladî
Polish : Papryka
Azeri : İstiot
Greek : Pipera
Belgium : Peper
Icelandic : Paprikuduft
Croatian : Paprika
Slovašcina : Paprika
Czech : Paprika
Egypt : Felfel Achdar
Basque : Piperrautsa
Finnish : Paprika
Swiss : Poivre D’espagne
Philippines : Sili ( Bikol )
French : Piment Annuel
Portuguese : Colorau
Galician : Pementón
Austria : Paprika
Georgian : Bulgaruli
Breton : Pimant Dous
Hebrew : Pilpel
Amharic : Yafranj Karya
Hungarian : Bell Paprika
Tigrinya : Gue
Lebanese : Felfel Lelece
Macedonia : Piper
India : Molar ( Gujarati )
Swedish : Paprika
Indonesia : Cabai
Dutch : Paprika
Brazil : Pimenta
Iraq : Filfil
Spanish : Ají
Chinese : Chiao-Tzu
Italian : Peperone
Turkish : Biber
Esperanto : Paprika
Kazakh : Burış
Yiddish : Paprike
Korean : Namcho
Estonian : Harilik Parika
Laos : Mak Pet Nyai
German : Cayennepfeffer
Latvian : Dārzeņpipari
Vietnamese : Ot
Romanian : Ardei
Lithuanian : Paprika
Uzbek : Qalampir
Maldive Islands : Rihamirus ( Dhivehi )
Swahili : Mpilipili
Maltese : Bżar Ikkulurit
Catalan : Pebrotera
Farsi : Paprika
Norwegian : Paprika
Papiamento : Promenton
Quechuan : Uchu
Armenian : Garmir Bghbegh
Russian : Perets Krasnyj
Danish : Chilipeber
Serbian : Paprika
Japanese : Banshō
Thai : Prik Yuak
Bulgarian :
Cherven Piper
Plant Growth Habit Small, branched, mostly erect, annual or perennial herbaceous shrub
Growing Climate Warm-season crop, which performs well under an extended frost-free season
Soil Deep, well-structured, fertile, well drained, friable, sandy loam
Plant Size 30–80cm tall
Root Short or deep tap root and may extend 20 to 30 cm deep
Stem Glabrescent
Leaf Alternate, solitary or paired; bright to dark green color, petiole 4–7cm; leaf blade oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovatelanceolate, 4–13 × 1.5–4cm, glabrescent, base narrowed, margin entire and wavy, apex short acuminate or acute
Flower Star shaped, small, off-white, pendent. Corolla rotate, five-lobed white, 10 mm.
Fruit Shape & Size Berry, pericarp fleshy and firm, hollow, pendent up to 15cm
Fruit Color Green when young to mostly red orange, yellow, white, brown or purple when mature
Flavor/Aroma Mild, sweet flavor
Seed Pale yellow, discoid or reniform, 3–5 mm across.
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 119.8 mg (133.11%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.334 mg (25.69%)
Copper, Cu 0.098 mg (10.89%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 11 µg (9.17%)
Manganese, Mn 0.182 mg (7.91%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.085 mg (7.08%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.5 g (6.58%)
Iron, Fe 0.51 mg (6.38%)
Potassium, K 261 mg (5.55%)
Carbohydrate 6.91 g (5.32%)
Health Benefits
  • Treatment of Cancer
  • Helps Treat Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Improves Bone Density
  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Digestive health
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Prevents Muscle Cramps
  • Maintains Skin Health
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 30 Kcal