Sweet potato facts

The sweet potato has the botanical name as Ipomma batatas which belongs to Convolvulacere, morning glory famiy. It is inherent to Tropical America. It is a perennial plant which is cultivated as an annual that has trailing long stems. The leaves shape, skin and flesh color differs according to the variety. The skin color ranges from white-dark brown and the flesh color ranges from white-orange or dark purple.

Name Sweet potato
Scientific Name Ipomoes batatas (L.) Lamk
Native Tropical regions in America
Common/English Name Sweet potato
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Patat;
Alnanian: Patate E mb l;
Angola:-
Umubumbu: €Kapa,
Portuguese: Batata-Da-Ilha;
Arabic: Ba Ta Tah Helua;
Argentina: Yety;
Aymara: Pua;
Benin: Kukundu;
Brazil: Batata Da Ilha;
Bolivia: Apichu;
Burkina Faso:-
Baoul: Tingo,
Gu r: T guibo;
Burmese: Myonk-Ni;
Cameroon (Bamileke): Makeu;
Chamorro: Kamote;
Chinese: Di Gua;
Comoros (Great Comoros): Maniyambatsi;
Chuukese: K mwuti;
Cuba: Boniato;
Cook Islands (Maori): Kumara;
Croatian: Slatki Krumpir;
Danish: Batat;
Democratic Republic of Congo:-
Lingala: Matembele Bangi,
Ngombe: Mibabanga,
Swahili: Matembele,
Tshiluba: Tshilunga;
Dutch: Bataat;
Estonian: Okariin;
Ethiopia (Omotic): Siquar-Dinich;
Fiji: Kumala;
French: Batate;
Gabon:-
Baduma: mongo,
Bak I: Amongo,
Bal ngi: G mongo,
Balumbu: Monog,
Banzabi: Imongo,
Bapunu: Lungu,
Bavili: Lifita,
Benga: Mbongo,
Bavarama: Mongu,
Mindumu: Futa,
Nkoni: Mongo Y’ onigi,
Galoa: Ofogola;
German: S sskartoffel;
Greek: Glikopatata;
Guatemala: Sis;
Haiti: Patate D ce;
Hawaiian: Wala;
Honduras: Mabi;
Hungarian: des Burgonya;
I-Kiribati: Te Kumara;
India:-
Bengali: Lalalu,
Gujrati: Kannagi,
Hindi: Mitha Alu,
Kanada: Genasu,
Malayalam: Chakkare Kilangu,
Marathi: Ratala,
Tamil: Carkkaraivalli,
Tamil: Vattaalagnkilangu,
Telgu: Chelagadda;
Indonesia: –
Javanese: Ubi Keladek,
Sundanese: Huwi Boled;
Italian: Patata Dolce;
Ivory Coast:-
Baoul: Tingo,
Ebrie: T gruibo,
Gu r: Bassi;
Japanese: Kara Imo;
Kenya:-
Kikiyu: Ngwaci,
Central Province: M y yo;
Khmer: Ng Chvi;
Korean: Goguma;
Kwara’Ae: Butete;
Laotian: Man K;
Lithuanian: Sald iuju Bulviu;
Malaysia: Ubi Keladek;
Marquesan: Kūma’a;
Nigeria:-
Ndokwa Delta State: Ipotato,
Ogun State: Odukun;
Niuean: Simala;
Madagascar:-
Southeastern Madagascar: Vomanga;
Marshallese: Piteto;
Mexico: Camotli;
Norwegian: Sφtpoteter;
Palauan: Emutii;
Panama: Kuwas;
Papua New Guinea: Kaema;
Paraguay: Yety;
Peru: Kumara;
Philippines:-
Bisaya: Tigsi,
Bontok: Tugi,
Ifugao: Lapni,
Tagalog: Kamote,
Sulu: Panggi-Bagun;
Polish: Slodki Zeimniak;
Popular Republic of Congo: Osokoro;
Portuguese: Papas;
Pukapukan: Kūmala;
Rarotongan: Kūmara;
Russian: Batat;
Samoan: ‘Umala;
Senegal (Diola): Juifata;
Serbian: SLatki Krompir;
Slovak: Sladk Xeimak;
South Africa (Nrthern Maputaland): Ubhatata;
Spanish: Papas;
Swahili: Dankoli;
Swedish: S tpotatis;
Tahitian: Umara;
Thai: Mam-Thet;
Togo (Frensh): Patate Douce;
Tongan: Kumala;
Tuamotuan: Kūmara;
Turkish: Yer Elmasi;
Uganada:-
Bulamogo Country: Mboli,
Luganada: Pot-Ecok;
Rutooro: Enhoora,
Sango Bay: Lumonde;
Ulithian: Komoti;
Uruguay: Boniato;
Vanuatu: Kūmala
Plant Growth Habit Low, sprawling, herbaceous, annual
Growing Climate Tropical and temperate
Soil Well-drained, sandy, loam
Flower Sympetalous, purplish
Flowering season July to October
Tuber shape Fusiform, elongated subterranean
Tuber color Red, purple, brown, yellow-brown, white
Tuber flesh color White, yellow, orange, purple
Stem Prostrate, green or purplish, glabrous, trailing, Length: 4 cm
Leaves Alternate, ovate to orbicular, Length: 4-15 cm; Width: 3-11 cm
Fruit shape & size Ovoid or depressed globose, Diameter: 3-7 mm
Root Large, fleshy and  edible
Flavor/aroma Sweet spicy
Seed Glabrous, 1-4 seeds
Varieties/Types
  • Orange fleshed
  • Red fleshed
Major Nutritions (Raw) Vitamin A, RAE 943 µg (134.71%)
Copper, Cu 0.201 mg (22.33%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.278 mg (21.38%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 1.064 mg (21.28%)
Carbohydrate 26.76 g (20.58%)
Manganese, Mn 0.343 mg (14.91%)
Total dietary Fiber 4 g (10.53%)
Iron, Fe 0.81 mg (10.13%)
Potassium, K 448 mg (9.53%)
Tryptophan 0.041 g (9.32%)
Health Benefits
  • Enhance immunity
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Cures asthma
  • Treats bronchitis
  • Manage arthritis
  • Healthy digestion
  • Treats cancer
  • Treats ulcers on stomach
  • Treats diabetes
  • Balance water
  • Gain weight
Calories in 1 cup cubes (133 gm) Raw 114 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • In folk remedies, the leaves decoction is used to treat tumors of throat and mouth.
  • It is also used as aphrodisiac, bactericide, astringent, demulcent, laxative, fungicide and tonic.
  • Sweet potato is used as a treatment for asthma, catarrh, bugbites, burns, convalescence, ciguatera, diarrhea, fever, dyslactea, nausea, splenosis, renosis, stomach distress, tumors and whitlows.
Precautions 
  • Those having the gallbladder and kidney problems should consult the doctor before consuming sweet potatoes.
  • It is high in glycemic index which may increase the levels of blood sugar.
Other Facts China is considered as the leading producer in the production of sweet potatoes.