Tamarillo is the bright red or golden fruit which is also known as tree tomato. It is an inherent to Central and South America. It is loaded with Vitamin, B6, E, C, A and antioxidants. The fruit is juicy but the covering of Tamarillo is bitter. The plant is half woody, fast growing and shallow rooted which reaches up to 10-18 ft. in height. It has evergreen, heart shaped base, alternate, odorous, pointed at apex leaves. The flesh has the color of orange-yellow, orange-red or cream-yellow. The seeds are circular, harder, thin and nearly flat. The fruit has resinous aroma with the flavor of mild or underripe tomato.
Health Benefits of Tamarillo
Tamarillo is an inherent to Andes which grows on a small trees or shrubs. Nowadays it is cultivated in Darjeeling, USA, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Sikkim and Australia. It has yellow, orange and red color with sweet or acetous flavor. It is 2-4 inches in length. Tamarillo is loaded with Vitamins and Iron with low calories. Some health benefits of Tamarillo are as follows:
Tamarillo is loaded with Vitamin C, A, E and pro-vitamin A. It is also rich in thiamine, niacin and riboflavin, protein, calcium, sodium, carbohydrates, fat and potassium. It also possesses the minerals such as manganese, copper, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium and iron. The immune system is enhanced as Tamarillo contains these nutrients.
2. Aids weight loss
The Tamarillo juice helps to detoxify the body when consumed in the form of salads, raw or sprinkled with herbs. It helps to cut down the fat with its acidic properties.
3. Body Metabolism
Tamarillo provides Vitamin B and B-complex. The regulation of body metabolism helps to convert the foods into the nutrients which are essential for the organs and tissues. The fatigue can be eliminated with the adequate consumption of Vitamin B and B-complex.
4. Good for skin
It provides the healthy and radiant skin with Vitamin C, A, E. The presence of phenols, anthocyanin and flavonoids prevents from the oxidative stress and pollution. It also assists in anti-aging.
5. Helps control Diabetes
In type II diabetes mellitus, the chlorogenic acid in Tamarillo helps to reduce the level of blood sugar. The antioxidant helps to lessen the oxidative stress in the liver and pancreas. For better results, the pulp should be consumed on a light stomach.
6. Cured Inflamed Tonsils
In Ecuador, the inflamed tonsil was treated by warming Tamarillo leaves and wrapping them around the neck. It helps to reduce the pain. The poultice of the fruit is made by the Columbians to use for external use by cooking it in embers.
7. Treats high blood pressure
The high intake of Tamarillo helps to lower the high blood pressure levels. As it possesses rich potassium and minerals, it helps to maintain the blood pressure.
8. Good for heart
The presence of potassium assists to balance the harmful response of high sodium levels in the heart. The magnesium assists in the functioning of cardiovascular system properly. The high presence of fiber helps to eliminate the absorption of bad cholesterols in the body. The oxidative stress is lowered with its antioxidant property which helps to eliminate stroke.
Vitamin A in Tamarillo fruit helps to restore the eye membrane’s moisture which acts as an obstacle to the viruses and bacteria. It prevents from eye infections and eye disorders such as macular degeneration and cataract.
10. Prevents cancer
Along with Vitamin E and flavonoids, Tamarillo also possesses anthocyanin which helps to counteract the free radicals that causes cancer. It prevents from the formation of cancer in tissues with its anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties.
11. Low on calories
In 100 grams of Tamarillo, it possesses only 31 calories. So even, if a lot of tree tomatoes are consumed, one should not fear of burning calories.
12. Checks mood problems
The fluctuations in mood can be controlled by Tamarillo with the presence of vitamins and antioxidants. One can get rid of mood disorders by the daily intake of tree tomato.
Origin and Distribution
Tamarillo is an inherent to the Andes of Peru, Ecuador, Chile and Bolivia. It is also cultivated in the highlands of Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Costa Rica and Puerto Rico. It was grown in Queensland, Australia. In 1891, a nurseryman, D.Hay and Sons introduces the tree tomato in New Zealand. About 1920, it was commercially grown on small scale. In 1913, the United States Department of Agriculture received seeds from Argentina and in 1926 from Sumatra and Ceylon. In 1915, at the United States Department of Agriculture’s Plant Introduction Station at Chico, California the plant was fruiting. In Florida and California, it is casually grown.
The tree tomatoes can be ripened by leaving Tamarillo at room temperature. If it is placed in the refrigerator by keeping it in the perforated container or bag then it can last for two weeks. Skin discoloration occurs, if it is kept below 40 degrees. The Tamarillo should be freeze by peeling or scooping the flesh and placing it in a freezer bag.