Tomatoes Facts

Tomatoes are the most popular vegetable in the home garden. They are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors including red, yellow, orange, and pink. Sizes vary from the bite-sized cherry tomatoes to the giant beefsteak varieties. Tomatoes may be round, oblate or pear-shaped. Tomatoes are low in calories and a good source of vitamin C and antioxidants.

Name Tomatoes
Scientific Name Solanum lycopersicum
Native South America
Common/English Name Garden Tomato, Tomato
Name in Other Languages Nepalese : Golbhedaa
Afrikaans : Tamatie
Finnish : Kärleksäpple
Arabic : Banadhurah
Bulgarian : Domat
Khmer : Peeng Pâh
Chinese : Fan Qie
Zulu : Utamatisi
Czech : Lilek Rajče
Aztecs : Xitomatl
Vietnamese : Cà Chua
Danish : Tomat
Italian : Pomodoro
Dutch : Tomaat
Korean : Tomado
Swedish : Tomat
Fiji : Tomata
Lithuanian : Pomidoras
German : Liebesäpfel
Egypt : Tamatim
Ukrainian : Pomidor
Hungarian : Paradicsom
India : Tamatar ( Hindu)
Turkish : Domates
Croatian : Poslijepodne
Indonesia : Tomate
Kenya : Nyanya ( Swahili )
Portuguese : Tomate
Brazil : Tomate
Spanish : Tomate
Nahuas : Tomatl
Slovencina : Rajčiak Jedlý
Laotian : Khüa Sômz
Thai : Ma Khuea
Gaelic : Tráta
Latvian : Tomāts
Russian : Pomidor
Macedonia : Domat
Slovašcina : Paradižnik
Mexico : Jitomate
French : Pomme D’amour
Norwegian : Tomat
Hebrew : Agvaniyat Hagina
Philippines : Kamatis ( Cebu-Bisaya )
Swahili : Nyanya
Guyana : Tomato
Polish : Pomidor
Greek : Tomata
Romanian : Pătlăgea Roşie
Icelandic : Tómatur
Serbian : Crveni Patlidžan
Malaysia : Tomato
Shona : Domasi
Esperanto : Tomato
Surinam : Tomaat
Japanese : Tomato
Plant Growth Habit An annual erect or prostrate, sparingly branched herb
Growing Climate Prefers plenty of sun, moisture and warmth for high yield and premium quality.
Soil Grows well on most mineral soils but prefers deep, well-drained sandy loams to clayey loams, moderately rich in organic matter.
Plant Size 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in height
Root Strong tap root with dense lateral and adventitious root system.
Stem Viscid pubescent, green stems covered with odorous, glandular trichomes
Leaf Spirally arranged, pubescent on both surfaces, imparipinnate compound, in outline 15–50 cm long by 10–30 cm wide, on 3–6 cm long petioles.
Leaflets Variable in size, 5–9 per leaf, ovate to elliptic, 5–10 cm long, irregularly toothed and sometimes pinnatifid at base, terminal leaflets larger than the lateral ones, petiolules 0.2–2.0 cm long.
Flower 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) across, yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla; they are borne in a cyme of three to 12 together.
Berry Shape & Size Usually subglobose, but often of varying shape, glabrescent, 2–3.5 cm diameter two- to multi-locular, fleshy and juicy.
Berry Color Pale green turning red, orange, orangey-yellow, yellow, pink, purple, on ripening.
Flesh Color Soft, pinkish red
Fruit weight Approximately 4 ounces.
Flavor/aroma Sweet, acidic flavor
Taste Slightly bitter and acidic taste
Seed Flattened ovoid, 3–5 mm × 2–4 mm, straw colored, pubescent, embryo coiled in endosperm.
Season July through September.
Varieties/Types Pear Tomato, Branch Tomato, Raf Tomato,Cherry Tomato,Globe Tomato, Roma Tomato,Sun Gold Tomato, Big Beef Tomato, Juliet Tomato, Beefsteak Tomato, Eva Purple Ball Tomato,Cherokee Purple Tomato,Green Zebra Tomato,Black Krim Tomato, Japanese Tomato,Oxacan Jewel Tomato, Black Pear Tomato, Mexican (Red Calabash) Tomato,Yellow Valencia Tomato,Black Russian Tomato,Brandy Wine Tomato,Hillbilly Tomato, German Stripe Tomato, Polish Linguisa Tomato,Mortgage Lifter Tomato,Ramapo Jersey Heirloom Tomato, Powers Heirloom Tomato,Purple Russian Tomato,Pink Ping Pong Tomato,Sunray Tomato, Early Girl Tomato,Mama Leone Italian Tomato,Tye-Dye Tomato,Ananas Noire Tomato, Russian Tomato, Roman Candles Tomato, Big Pink Tomato, Quick Pick Tomato,Rutger Tomato,San Marzano Tomato,Moneymaker Tomato,Bradley Tomato, Park’s Whopper Tomato, Marglobe Supreme Tomato,Amai Tomato,Amana Orange Tomato, Amarillo Yellow’ Tomato, Amelia Tomato,Amish Paste Tomato,Andrew Rahart’s Jumbo Red Tomato,Andrina Tomato, Angelo’s Red Tomato, Anna Russian Tomato, Arbuznyi Tomato, Armenian Tomato, Ashleigh Tomato, Tomato Anna Aasa and many more
Major Nutrition Lycopene 4631 µg (92.62%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 24.7 mg (27.44%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 14.2 µg (11.83%)
Copper, Cu 0.106 mg (11.78%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.144 mg (11.08%)
Vitamin A, RAE 76 µg (10.86%)
Potassium, K 427 mg (9.09%)
Manganese, Mn 0.205 mg (8.91%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 27 µg (6.75%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.069 mg (6.68%)
Health Benefits
  • Improves Vision
  • Manages Diabetes
  • Skin Health
  • Lowers Hypertension
  • Prevents Gallstones
  • Counters the Effect of Cigarette Smoke
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Depression
  • Prevents Urinary Tract Infections
  • Digestive Health
  • Rich Source of Vitamins and Minerals
  • Heart Health
Calories in 1cup (180gm) 32 Kcal