Whelk facts and health benefits

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Whelk facts and health benefits Quick Facts
Name: Whelk facts and health benefits
Scientific Name: Buccinum undatum
Origin It belongs to normal benthic fauna of North Sea. It is found in sea at deeper depths.
Colors Pale, white, reddish or yellowish
Shapes Solid, ventricose, ovate-conical; Height: 10 cm; Width: 6 cm
Calories 234 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Vitamin B-12 (642.50%)
Copper (194.56%)
Selenium (138.55%)
Tryptophan (119.32%)
Iron (106.88%)
Health benefits Treat Alzheimer's, Slows aging process, Brain functions, Hair health, Transports oxygen
Buccinum undatum is a sea snail found on the coastal areas of Northern Atlantic Ocean and Eastern coast as well as western coast. It survives on the cold water containing 2 to 3 percent of salt content. The whelk is 11 centimeters long. The sexes are separate. The breeding takes place from October to May. Reproduction exists by internal fertilization which promotes the production of egg capsules for the protection of eggs. The egg is laid in whole capsule packets. The whelk has the life expectancy of 10 to 15 years. They are carnivores which feed on worms, mussels, crustaceans and molluscs. It is used for food by humans or other animals. It is also known as Sea wash balls, Buckie, Common Northern Whelk, Common whelk, Sinuous whelk, Waved whelk and Waved buccinum. The body is solid, ventricose, ovate-conical shaped measuring 10 cm in height and 6 cm wide.

History

It belongs to normal benthic fauna of North Sea. It is found in sea at deeper depths. It is available on France, United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway and other Northwest European countries. It is unable to survive above the temperature of 29°C and prefer colder temperatures.

Nutritional value

A serving size of 85 grams of whelk contains 27.2 g of moisture, 234 calories, 40.53 of protein, 0.68 g of total lipid fat, 3.4 g of ash and 13.19 g of carbohydrate. It also offers 642.50% of DV of Vitamin B12, 194.56% of DV of copper, 138.55% of selenium, 119.32% of tryptophan, 106.88% of DV of iron, 103.18% of threonine, 87.55% of DV of leucine, 84.15% of DV of isoleucine, 83.52% of DV of valine, 81.06% of DV of protein, 74.46% of DV of lysine, 67.37% of DV of histidine, 42.46% of DV of vitamin B6, 34.76%of DV of magnesium, 34.29% of DV of phosphorus, 32.91% of manganese, 25.18% of DV of zinc, 23.33% of DV of sodium, 14% of DV of riboflavin, 12.55% of DV of potassium, 10.60% of niacin and 10.15% of carbohydrate.

Health Benefits of Whelk

Whelk is an excellent source of essential fatty acids that prevents the chances of cancer, heart ailments if consumed in moderate amounts. The seafood lovers would like this. It provides vitamins, proteins and minerals along with low amount of fat. It does not increase the cholesterol of blood. Due to the low content of calories, it is effective for weight loss.

  1. Treat Alzheimer’s

Cobalamine helps to treat Alzheimer’s disease which shows the symptoms such as cognitive degeneration and confusion. The study shows that Alzheimer’s patients has low content of Vitamin B12 in the body. (1)

  1. Slows aging process

Copper helps to prevent cell membrane from the damage of free radicals which attack organs  that are the cause for age spots, wrinkles, macular degeneration, cancer and kidney ailments. (2)

  1. Brain functions

Iron helps to increase the development of brain. It aids the supply of oxygen to the brain as it uses about 20% of oxygen. It promotes the cognitive activity and formation of neural pathways that helps to prevent from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. The adequate intake of iron as well as oxygenation of brain is vital. (3)

  1. Hair health

Protein maintains the hair health and prevents its damage. The study shows that it is essential for the growth of hairs. With its benefits, it is used in conditioners. (4) (5)

  1. Transports oxygen

Iron assists in transporting oxygen to the body cells which assist the organs to perform its various functions. (6)

  1. Strengthen immunity

Pyridoxine is essential for the immune health in the body. It assists the body to prevent infections which could be victimized in the deficiency of Vitamin B6. (7)

  1. Prevent cramps

Magnesium helps to relax kidney stress, muscular tension and back muscles. Its deficiency could cause leg cramps and fatigue. The adequate intake of magnesium helps to treat chronic leg cramps. (8)

  1. Repair cells

It helps to repair the body cells from the wear and tear. It promotes the body cells which is essential for the overall health. It helps to form protein and stimulate hormones. (9)

  1. Eliminate free radicals

Manganese has antioxidant properties which monitor the free radicals activity that damage human cells and cause cancer. The supplements help to prevent these health conditions. (10)

  1. Provides energy

Vitamin B2 is vital for the energy production by supporting metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. (11)

Precautions                                                                                                 

  • The toxic gland should be removed before consumption.
  • It should be consumed in limited amounts carefully.
  • The people who are allergic to seafood should avoid it.

http://www.fisheries.is/main-species/invertebrates/common-whelk/ 

How to Eat         

  • In Japan, it is used for making sushi and sashimi.
  • In Vietnam, it is used to make Bún ốc – vermicelli.
  • In Korea, it is served with cold noodles and salad.
  • It is also served with alcohols as side dish.
  • In Vietnam, it is served with the sea snails.
  • It is consumed by sprinkling vinegar and with butter or slice of bread.

Other Facts        

  • The whelk’s color is dependent on the food it eats.
  • It is mostly confused with Conchs due to the similar appearance.

http://barnegatshellfish.org/whelk01.htm  

Whelk facts

Whelk is a carnivores and scavengers which are found in the temperate waters. The radula is used to make hole in the shell of lobsters and crabs. It also resembles conch. It is medium in size having axial univalves and spiral ridges on the shell. The exposed soft body is white along with black splotches. It is available in depth of seas. They are scavenger on dead animals. The shells of whelk may differ in color. Reproduction takes place by sexual reproduction and internal fertilization.

Name Whelk facts and health benefits
Scientific Name Buccinum undatum
Native It belongs to normal benthic fauna of North Sea. It is found in sea at deeper depths. It is available on France, United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway and other Northwest European countries. It is unable to survive above the temperature of 29°C and prefer colder temperatures.
Common/English Name Sea wash balls, Buckie, Common Northern Whelk, Common whelk, Sinuous whelk, Waved whelk, Waved buccinum
Name in Other Languages Danish: Konk, Konksnegl;
Dutch: Wulk;
French: Buccin, buccin commun, buccin ondé, Bulot, comteux;
German: Wellhorn, Wellhornschnecke;
Italian: Buccina, Buccinum undatum;
Norwegian Bokmål: kongsnegl;
Norwegian Nynorsk: kongsnigel;
Portuguese: Buzo, Búzio;
Spanish: Bocina, Caracolillo de Bruselas;
Swedish: Valthornssnäcka;
Turkish: Salyangoz
Habitat Carnivorous, neogastropod mollusc
Feeds on Polychaete worms, bivalves, mussels
Breeding October-May
Lifespan 10 years
Predators Cod, sea stars, wolfish, man
Shape & size Solid, ventricose, ovate-conical; Height: 10 cm; Width: 6 cm
Shell color Pale, white, reddish or yellowish
Whorls 7-8, convex, crossed by oblique folds, waved, thick
Major Nutritions Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 15.42 µg (642.50%)
Copper, Cu 1.751 mg (194.56%)
Selenium, Se 76.2 µg (138.55%)
Tryptophan 0.525 g (119.32%)
Iron, Fe 8.55 mg (106.88%)
Threonine 1.816 g (103.18%)
Leucine 3.236 g (87.55%)
Isoleucine 1.407 g (84.15%)
Valine 1.764 g (83.52%)
Protein 40.53 g (81.06%)
Health Benefits
  • Treat Alzheimer’s
  • Slows aging process
  • Brain functions
  • Hair health
  • Transports oxygen
  • Strengthen immunity
  • Prevent cramps
  • Repair cells
  • Eliminate free radicals
  • Provides energy
Calories in 3 oz (85 gm) 234 Kcal.
Precautions     
  • The toxic gland should be removed.
  • It should be consumed in limited quantity.
  • Allergic  people should avoid it.
How to Eat
  • It is used to prepare sushi and sashimi.
  • It is used for making Bún ốc – vermicelli.
  • It is served with cold noodles or salad.
  • Vinegar is sprinkled in Whelk or with butter or slice of bread.
Other Facts
  • The color of whelk is dependent on its food.
  • It is confused with Conchs.


References:

www.shellfish.org.uk/files/Healthy-Eating/SAGB-whelks-factsheet-final.pdf

http://eol.org/pages/595071/overview

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=73795#null

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whelk   

http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/whelk   

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