Winged beans Facts

Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus), also known as the Goa bean, four-angled bean, is a tropical legume plant native to New Guinea. It grows amply in hot, humid nations such as the Philippines and Indonesia to India, Burma, Thailand and Sri Lanka. Almost all the parts of the plant including immature pods, mature seeds, tender leaves and shoots, flowers and tubers are used in the East-Asian cuisine. Wing beans thrive in tropical climates with warm weather, humidity and abundant rainfall.

Name Winged beans
Scientific Name Psophocarpus tetragonolobus
Native Mauritius to New Guinea
Common/English Name Asparagus Bean, Asparagus Pea, Princess Bean, Princess-Pea, Four-Angled Bean, Goa Bean, Manila Bean, Supermarket Bean, Short Day Asparagus Pea, Winged Bean, Four-cornered bean, Mauritius bean
Name in Other Languages Japanese : Sikaku Mame
Burmese : Hto-Pong
Malaysia : Kacang Belimbing
Swedish : Vingböna
Chinese : Si Jiao Dou
Portuguese : Fava De Cavalo
Dutch : Ketjipir
Papua New Guinea : Asbin
Finnish : Goanpapu
Indonesia : Kelongkang ( Bali )
French : Haricot Ailé
Vietnamese : Ðậu Rồng
India : Charkoni Sem ( Hindu )
Russian : Psofokarpus Chetyrekhkylyi
Italian : Fagiolo Quadrato
Sri Lanka : Dambala
Laos : Thwax Ph’uu
Cuba : Calamismis
Philippines : Kabey
Czech : Prskavec Ledencový
Spanish : Calamismis
Khmer : Prapiey
Thai : Thua-Phu
Danish : Goabønne
German : Flügelbohne
Plant Growth Habit Climbing, twining perennial vine
Growing Climate Thrives in the hot, humid equatorial zone and humid tropics with short day light, good moisture
Soil Well-drained, friable soil types
Plant Size 2–4 m long
Root Fleshy, fusiform, tuberous roots
Stem Ridged, glabrous stem
Leaf Trifoliate on long petioles ( up to 12 cm long) grooved on the upper side and with a pulvinus at the base, color appearing as different shades of green.
Leaflets More or less triangular or rhomboid, tapering to an acute point, base obtuse 8–15 by 4–12 cm entire and light green.
Flower Bisexual, papilionaceous and of varying colors pale sky blue, white, reddish brown depending on cultivars.
Pod Shape & Size Oblong linear, straight, curved to long and flexuous, 15–30 cm long and 2.5–3.5 cm wide, with four longitudinal serratedentate or sinuous leafy wings cross section, the pod is square with the four corners tapering out into the thin wings.
Pods Color Green, yellow-green or purple or green with purplish- red wings  and turns brown when fully ripe.
Skin Waxy
Flesh Color White
Flavor/Aroma Pleasant nutty flavor.
Taste Sweet
Seed Sub globose about 0.5–1 cm across, white, yellow, brown or black, or mottled with a small aril and non-endospermous.
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 5.242 mg (582.44%)
Tryptophan 1.387 g (315.23%)
Iron, Fe 24.46 mg (305.75%)
Manganese, Mn 6.772 mg (294.43%)
Isoleucine 2.672 g (159.81%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 1.875 mg (156.25%)
Valine 2.785 g (131.87%)
Total dietary Fiber 47.1 g (123.95%)
Leucine 4.545 g (122.97%)
Threonine 2.146 g (121.93%)
Phosphorus, P 821 mg (117.29%)
Histidine 1.438 g (116.72%)
Lysine 3.888 g (116.27%)
Protein 53.96 g (107.92%)
Total Fat (lipid) 29.7 g (84.86%)
Calcium, Ca 801 mg (80.10%)
Magnesium, Mg 326 mg (77.62%)
Zinc, Zn 8.15 mg (74.09%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.819 mg (63.00%)
Carbohydrate 75.91 g (58.39%)
Potassium, K 1778 mg (37.83%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 5.624 mg (35.15%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 1.447 mg (28.94%)
Selenium, Se 14.9 µg (27.09%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.318 mg (24.46%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 82 µg (20.50%)
Health Benefits
  • Helps Prevent Premature Aging
  • Reduces Headaches and Migraines
  • Ensures a Healthy Pregnancy
  • Inflammation and Sprains
  • Helps Prevent Vision Problems
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Can Help Prevent Diabetes
  • Prevents Asthma
  • Increases Immunity and Fights Colds
Calories in 1cup (182gm) 744 Kcal