Bamboo Mushrooms facts and uses

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Bamboo Mushrooms Quick Facts
Name: Bamboo Mushrooms
Scientific Name: Phallus indusiatus
Bamboo mushroom is a type of mushroom is newly discovered species and its existence is still rare. The fruit bodies reaches 19.13 cm high, the cap or pileus is a brown cone shape with curved side which is 3 cm wide and 2.6 cm high, creamy yellow gleba and has circular white ring in the middle of the stem. Sticks are perforated and cylindrical and at the base of the stem there is gray cup which contains grains like jelly. The process of growth and development from the stage of eggs wilt took place quickly. Caps have gluten that emits an unpleasant odor which attracts several files. This species identified from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest which also found in the Atlantic forests of Misiones-Argentina and at Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Jorhat, Assam, India. It is distributed in tropical areas, and is found in southern Asia, the Americas, Africa, and Australia, where it grows in woodlands and gardens in rich soil and well-rotted woody material.

Name Bamboo Mushrooms
Scientific Name Phallus indusiatus
Common/English Name Long Net Stinkhorn, Bamboo mushrooms, Bamboo pith, Crinoline stinkhorn, Veiled lady
Name in Other Languages English: Bamboo fungus, Long net Stinkhorn, Bamboo pith, Stinkhorn Basket, Crinoline Stinkhorn, Veiled lady and Bridal veil lady;
Japanese: Kinugasatake;
Chinese: Bamboo mushroom;
Thailand and Laos: Rang hae kra pong yao;
Chinese: Zhúsǔn jūn (竹笋菌), Cháng qún zhú sūn/cháng qún zhú sūn (長裙竹蓀/长裙竹荪), Zhú shēng (竹笙), Zhú cān (竹参),Miànshā jūn (面紗菌), Wǎng shā jūn (網紗菌), Zhú gūniáng (竹姑娘), Zhú jūn (竹菌), Zhúsōng (竹松), Zhú è (竹萼), Zhú jī (竹鸡);
Japanese: Kinugasadake/ kinugasatake (衣笠茸/キヌガサタケ);
Thai: H̄ĕd r̀āngh̄æ (เห็ดร่างแห);
Igbo: éró ḿma;
Yoruba: Akufodewa
Mature mushroom 25 cm (9.8 in) tall
Cap Conical to bell-shaped, 1.5–4 cm (0.6–1.6 in) wide
Stalk 7–25 cm (2.8–9.8 in) long and 1.5–3 cm (0.6–1.2 in) thick
Spores 2.5-3.2 x 1-1.4 µm
Spore mass Olive green to dull green, slimy, foul-smelling
Volva Whitish, tough, and wrinkled

Description

Immature fruit bodies are enclosed in an egg shaped to roughly spherical subterranean structure encased in a peridium. Eggs are whitish to buff to reddish-brown measures 6 cm in diameter and usually has thick mycelialo cord attached at the bottom. The mature mushroom is 25 cm tall girded with net like structure known as indusium which hangs down from the conical to bell-shaped cap.  The netlike openings of indusium are polygonal or round in shape. The cap is 1.5–4 cm (0.6–1.6 in) wide and reticulated surface is covered with a layer of greenish to brown and foul smelling slime. Stalk is 7–25 cm (2.8–9.8 in) long and 1.5–3 cm (0.6–1.2 in) thick. Stalk is white and roughly equal in width throughout its length and sometimes curved and spongy.  Fruit bodies develop during night and needs 10 to 15 hours to develop fully after emerging from the peridium. Spores are smooth, thin walled, elliptical or slightly curved, translucent and measures 2–3 by 1–1.5 μm.

Egg

The body of immature fruit is white to pink tinged and gelatinous egg like sac to 30 mm round or ovoid which is strongly attached to soil by thick strands. An egg like sac split to release the rapidly expanding receptacle and leaves a volva at the base.

Stipe

Stipe is smooth, white, spongy, hollow and measures 200 mm high and to 20 mm diameter.

Cap

Cap is conical, white, ridged, pitted with hole in tip and measures 40 mm high and to 30 mm diameter. Surface forms net like patterns which are covered by gleba at first.

Traditional uses

  • It can be used for treating inflammation, neurological and stomach diseases.
  • South China’s Miao community uses it for pain, injury, dysentery, cough, weakness, leukemia and colitis.
  • It is used for fever, sore throat, diarrhea, cough, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Culinary uses

  • Consume it as vegetable.
  • It is used as an ingredient in Chinese haute cuisine.
  • Use it in stir-frys and chicken soups.
  • Use it as toppings for salads, soups and add it to sausages and pickled items.
  • Stuff it with tofu and veggies.

Other facts

  • Bamboo mushroom grows on bamboo plants.
  • When dried, it resembles loofah sponges.
  • It contains essential amino acids and multiple vitamins which makes it medical valued food.

References:

https://www.derpharmachemica.com/pharma-chemica/the-nutritional-content-of-the-mushroom-phallus-indusiatus-vent-which-grows-in-the-cocoa-plantation-gapertaujung-medan.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallus_indusiatus

http://qldfungi.org.au/wp-content/uploads/FoQs/P-Phallus/Phallus-indusiatus.pdf

http://www.journalijar.com/uploads/438_IJAR-10459.pdf

https://www.gbif.org/species/2524108

https://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallus_indusiatus.html

https://mountain-mann.blogspot.com/2015/09/phallus-indusiatus-mushroom-triggers.html

https://www.healthwisdom.shop/products/phallus-indusiatus-stinkhorn-fungus-bamboo-fungus-zhu-sun

https://www.spicejungle.com/bamboo-mushrooms

http://www.powing.com/products/bamboo-fungus

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