Joining together securely with an adhesive substance such as cement or glue.

The procedure of using an adhesive, cementing material, or fusible ingredient to combine, unite, or strengthen.

An adhesive technique in dentistry involving conditioning of enamel and/or dentin so as to create tags in the tooth structure for mechanical retention of restorative material.

The unity of two people whose identities are significantly affected by their mutual interactions. Bonding often refers to the attachment between a mother and her child.

In psychology, the close emotional attachment between the mother and a child.

The process by which a psychological link is formed between a baby and its mother.

The forming of special emotional ties between a baby and his or her primary caregiver, often the mother but sometimes the father, another adult, or another child; also called maternal-infant attachment. After childbirth, the newborn is often placed on the mother’s abdomen to start the process of bonding between the two, considered key to the normal development of the baby. Bonding is the process of interaction by which the child develops trust and security vital for “making contact” with the world, and for learning the social skills, communication skills (see communication skills and disorders), visual skills, and auditory skills needed to function in the world. Premature or high-risk babies who need to stay in hospitals for some days or weeks after birth are in special need of bonding and stimulation. Indeed, children who lack such bonding often have retarded physical and mental development, leading to a variety of problem conditions, including failure to thrive, maternal deprivation syndrome, and reactive attachment disorder of infancy. And mothers who fail to bond with their children are at risk for later child abuse and neglect. Psychologists sometimes call this early close relationship between mother and child the symbiotic stage.

Formation of attachment between parent and child; adhesion of one substance to another.

The formation of a close, selective attachment between two individuals, as in the relationship between a mother and her baby.

In dentistry, the use of a low-viscosity polymerizable adhesive to provide mechanical retention of cast restorations, auto-polymerizing restorations, and orthodontic appliances.

Method of attaching hair extensions in which hair wefts or single strands are attached with an adhesive or bonding agent.

The process of reconstructing, reshaping, and concealing imperfections in teeth through the utilization of materials that mimic the natural color of teeth.

Bonding refers to the reciprocal process through which a strong psychological and emotional connection is established between a parent and their newborn child. This process is essential for nurturing a sense of security, trust, and attachment between the parent and the baby. However, in certain circumstances such as premature birth or illness requiring immediate separation from the parents, bonding may be delayed. For instance, when a baby needs to be placed in an incubator for specialized care, the immediate physical contact and closeness between parent and child may be disrupted. Despite these challenges, alternative methods such as kangaroo care (skin-to-skin contact) or involving parents in the care routines can help foster bonding even in such situations. The bonding process plays a crucial role in the emotional development and well-being of both the child and the parent.