A blood sugar disorder characterized by chronically elevated blood glucose levels in the body.
A hereditary metabolic disease, characterized by an inadequate activity of insulin, affecting the regulation of normal blood glucose levels.
A disease in which the body does not properly control the amount of sugar in the blood. As a result, the level of sugar in the blood is too high. This disease occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly.
Metabolic disorder resulting in high blood sugar and discharge of large amounts of sugar in the urine.
Properly diabetes mellitus, it is a disease characterized by high blood sugar levels and sugar in the urine. Diabetes is really several disorders, generally broken down into juvenile onset and adult onset. The first, currently called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM or Type I), is somewhat hereditary, and results from inadequate synthesis of native insulin or sometimes from autoimmunity or a virus, and occurs most frequently in tissue-types HLA, DR3, and DR4. These folks tend to be lean. The other main group is known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM or Type II). It is caused by a combination of heredity, constitution, and lifestyle, where high blood sugar and high blood fats often occur at the same time, and where hyperglycemic episodes have continued for so many years that fuel-engorged cells start to refuse glucose, and the person is termed insulinresistant. These folks are usually overweight, tend to have fatty plaques in their arteries, and usually have chunky parents.
Metabolic disorder affecting insulin production and resulting in faulty carbohydrate metabolism.
A disease in which the cells of the body do not get enough insulin, usually because the pancreas is producing too little or no insulin. In other cases, the pancreas produces sufficient insulin but the cells in the body become resistant to its effects. There are two types of diabetes: type 1, which is insulin dependent, and type 2, which is noninsulin dependent.
A disorder in which the body’s ability to use sugar is impaired because of inadequate production or utilization of the hormone insulin.
A disease that prevents the body from properly using sugar. The condition may result from the failure of the pancreas to produce insulin or the body’s inability to respond to the insulin it does produce. The most common form in older people is what has been traditionally called adult onset or noninsulin dependent. However, this type has become increasingly common in young people in recent years.
One of a group of diseases which cause the body to produce large amounts of urine.
A condition characterized by inability to regulate the use of glucose, often because of an insufficiency or ineffectiveness of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
Either of two disorders diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Used alone, the term usually refers to diabetes mellitus.
Any disorder of metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large volumes of urine. Used alone, the term most commonly refers to diabetes mellitus.
A general term for diseases marked by excessive urination, usually diabetes mellitus.
A disorder of carbohyrate metabolism in which sugars in the body are not oxidized to produce energy because of the lack of the pancreatic hormone insulin.
A disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood glucose levels result.
Any disorder in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, resulting in high levels of glucose in the blood.
The term originates from a Greek word that means “to pass through.” In a medical context, it refers to the process where sugar moves from the blood through the kidney and into the urine. Generally, it is associated with diabetes mellitus when used without further specification. However, finding sugar in the urine doesn’t automatically indicate that the individual has diabetes mellitus.
A broad term used to describe conditions marked by excessive urination, such as in diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. When used by itself, it typically refers to diabetes mellitus.